التعريف

By Mayo Clinic Staff

يعد كلاً من الغثيان والإقياء من العلامات والأعراض الشائعة التي يُمكن أن تنجم عن حالات عديدة. وينجم الغثيان والإقياء في أغلب الأحيان عن التهاب فيروسي يُصيب جهاز الهضم— ويُسمى بالخطأ الانفلونزا المعدة— أو غثيان الصباح (الوحام) خلال فترات الحمل المبكرة.

ويمكن أن تُؤدي العديد من الأدوية إِلى الغثيان والإقياء كما يُسبب ذلك أيضاً التخدير العام لدى الخضوع لعملية جراحية. وفي بعض الحالات النادرة قد يشير الغثيان والإقياء إِلى مشكلة صحية خطيرة، بل حتى إلى مشكلة تهدد الحياة.

20/06/2019

اطلع كذلك على

  1. 7 signs of endometriosis
  2. Acute coronary syndrome
  3. Acute hepatitis C infection
  4. Acute kidney failure
  5. Acute liver failure
  6. Addiction Takes Center Stage
  7. Addison's disease
  8. Adrenal fatigue: What causes it?
  9. Airplane ear
  10. Alcohol intolerance
  11. Alcohol poisoning
  12. Alcohol use disorder
  13. Alcoholic hepatitis
  14. Allergies
  15. Allergy medications: Know your options
  16. Allergy-proof your home
  17. Alpha-gal syndrome
  18. Amniotic fluid embolism
  19. Anaphylaxis
  20. Aneurysm Surgery
  21. Angina
  22. Anthrax
  23. Antibiotic-associated diarrhea
  24. Appendicitis
  25. Ascariasis
  26. Aspirin allergy
  27. Autoimmune hepatitis
  28. Avoid rebound nasal congestion
  29. Beating Ovarian Cancer
  30. Bee sting
  31. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)
  32. Bezoars: How do they happen?
  33. Bile reflux
  34. Bird flu (avian influenza)
  35. Blastocystis hominis
  36. Blind loop syndrome
  37. Botulism
  38. Brain aneurysm
  39. Brain tumor
  40. 4 Ways to Prevent Heart Attack
  41. Heart Failure
  42. How kidneys work
  43. Mayo Clinic - Holiday Heart Attack and Stroke Risk
  44. SCAD: A Disease-Specific, Social Networking Community-Initiated Study
  45. Bump on the head: When is it a serious head injury?
  46. C. difficile infection
  47. CA 125 test: A screening test for ovarian cancer?
  48. Calcium supplements: A risk factor for heart attack?
  49. Infertility and endometriosis
  50. Can I still experience endometriosis after menopause?
  51. Can you use honey for allergies?
  52. Carbon monoxide poisoning
  53. Carcinoid tumors
  54. Cardiac asthma: What causes it?
  55. Cardiogenic shock
  56. Castleman disease
  57. Celiac disease
  58. Celiac disease: Can gluten be absorbed through the skin?
  59. Celiac disease diet: How do I get enough grains?
  60. Chagas disease
  61. Chest pain
  62. Cholecystitis
  63. Cholera
  64. Choroid plexus carcinoma
  65. Chronic daily headaches
  66. Chronic kidney disease
  67. Chronic sinusitis
  68. Churg-Strauss syndrome
  69. Cirrhosis
  70. Colon polyps
  71. Concussion
  72. Concussion in children
  73. Concussion Recovery
  74. Concussion Telemedicine
  75. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  76. Constipation in children
  77. Coping with endometriosis pain
  78. Coping with side effects of hepatitis C drugs
  79. Coronary artery spasm: Cause for concern?
  80. Cryptosporidium infection
  81. Cyclic vomiting syndrome
  82. Cyclospora infection
  83. Day-to-day with endometriosis: Challenge your expectations
  84. Dengue fever
  85. Diabetes insipidus
  86. Diabetic coma
  87. Diabetic Gastroparesis
  88. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  89. Diabetic neuropathy
  90. Diabetic neuropathy and dietary supplements
  91. Types of diabetic neuropathy
  92. Diverticulitis
  93. Drinking after hepatitis C cure: Is it safe?
  94. Drug allergy
  95. Dumping syndrome
  96. Dysphagia
  97. E. coli
  98. Ear infection (middle ear)
  99. Ear infection treatment: Do alternative therapies work?
  100. Early hepatitis C infection: How often does it become chronic?
  101. Ease the pain of diabetic neuropathy
  102. Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE): What is it?
  103. Ebola transmission: Can Ebola spread through the air?
  104. Ebola virus and Marburg virus
  105. Ectopic pregnancy
  106. Egg allergy
  107. Ehrlichiosis
  108. Encephalitis
  109. Endometriosis
  110. Endometriosis risk factors
  111. Endometriosis: Risk factor for ovarian cancer?
  112. Endometriosis: Treatment options
  113. Testing for endometriosis
  114. Enlarged liver
  115. Eosinophilic esophagitis
  116. Esophagitis
  117. Exercise headaches
  118. External Drive: Charles' Artificial Heart
  119. Eye vitamins: Can they prevent or treat glaucoma?
  120. Fainting during urination (micturition syncope): What causes it?
  121. Finding balance: Tips to manage life with endometriosis
  122. Flu masks
  123. Flu Shot Prevents Heart Attack
  124. Flu vaccine: Safe for people with egg allergy?
  125. Food allergies: Labels
  126. Food allergy
  127. Food allergy later in life
  128. Food allergy or intolerance?
  129. Food poisoning
  130. Functional dyspepsia
  131. Gallbladder cancer
  132. Gastritis
  133. Gastroenteritis: First aid
  134. Gastroparesis
  135. Getting active after acute coronary syndrome
  136. Giardia infection (giardiasis)
  137. Glaucoma
  138. Glioma
  139. H. Pylori
  140. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection
  141. Hangover prevention: Do lighter colored drinks help?
  142. Hangovers
  143. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
  144. Headaches 101: Know your type
  145. Headaches and hormones
  146. Headaches in children
  147. Headaches: Treatment depends on your diagnosis and symptoms
  148. Heart attack
  149. Heart attack prevention: Should I avoid secondhand smoke?
  150. Heart attack symptoms
  151. Heart Attack Timing
  152. Heart failure
  153. Heart failure and sex: Is it safe?
  154. Slide show: Heart-healthy eating after acute coronary syndrome
  155. Heat exhaustion
  156. Heatstroke
  157. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)
  158. Hemophilia
  159. Henoch-Schonlein purpura
  160. Hepatitis A
  161. Hepatitis B
  162. Hepatitis C
  163. Hepatitis C: How common is sexual transmission?
  164. Hepatitis C: What happens in end-stage liver disease?
  165. Hidden Heart Attack
  166. Hirschsprung's disease
  167. Holiday Heart
  168. Infographic: How heart-healthy people can suffer a heart attack
  169. Hydrocele
  170. Hypercalcemia
  171. Hyperglycemia in diabetes
  172. Hyponatremia
  173. Indigestion
  174. Infant reflux
  175. Intestinal ischemia
  176. Intestinal obstruction
  177. Intracranial hematoma
  178. Intussusception
  179. Jellyfish stings
  180. Kawasaki disease
  181. Kidney stones
  182. Krabbe disease
  183. Lactose intolerance
  184. Preventing lead exposure
  185. Lead poisoning
  186. Legionnaires' disease
  187. Listeria infection
  188. Liver cancer
  189. Infographic: Liver Cancer
  190. Liver cysts: A cause of abdominal pain?
  191. Liver disease
  192. Liver hemangioma
  193. Liver transplant for hepatitis C
  194. Living better with endometriosis
  195. Living with Brain Tumors
  196. Long Term Brain Cancer Survivor
  197. Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  198. Low blood sodium in older adults: A concern?
  199. Low-phosphorus diet: Helpful for kidney disease?
  200. Malaria
  201. Managing diabetic neuropathy complications
  202. Managing Headaches
  203. Managing Meningitis
  204. Marathon and the Heat
  205. Mayo Clinic Minute: Avoiding summer E. coli infection
  206. Mayo Clinic Minute: What you need to know about polyps in your colon
  207. Mayo Clinic Minute Meningitis 101 for college students
  208. Mayo Clinic Minute: Prevent migraines with magnetic stimulation
  209. Mayo Clinic Minute Weathering migraines
  210. MCAD deficiency
  211. Measles Virus as a Cancer Fighter
  212. Meningitis
  213. Menstrual cramps
  214. Mesenteric lymphadenitis
  215. Migraine
  216. Migraine medications and antidepressants
  217. Migraine treatment: Can antidepressants help?
  218. Infographic: Migraine Treatments: Botox & Nerve Blocking
  219. Migraines and gastrointestinal problems: Is there a link?
  220. Migraines and Vertigo
  221. Migraines: Are they triggered by weather changes?
  222. Alleviating migraine pain
  223. Milk allergy
  224. Molar pregnancy
  225. Infographic: Molecular Classification of Gliomas
  226. Morning sickness
  227. MRI: Is gadolinium safe for people with kidney problems?
  228. Multiple myeloma
  229. Infographic: Multiple Myeloma
  230. Myocardial ischemia
  231. Naegleria infection
  232. Nasal Cleaning
  233. Nasal spray addiction: Is it real?
  234. New Hep C Treatment
  235. New Test for Preeclampsia
  236. New Way to Fix Aneurysms
  237. Nighttime headaches: Relief
  238. Nocturnal panic attacks: What causes them?
  239. Norovirus infection
  240. NSAIDs: Do they increase my risk of heart attack and stroke?
  241. He's the bravest kid I've ever seen
  242. Occipital nerve stimulation: Effective migraine treatment?
  243. Ocular migraine: When to seek help
  244. Orchitis
  245. Orthostatic hypotension (postural hypotension)
  246. Ovarian cancer
  247. Ovarian cancer: Still possible after hysterectomy?
  248. Ovarian cancer vaccine: Can it prevent recurrence?
  249. Ovarian cysts
  250. Ovarian cysts and infertility: A connection?
  251. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  252. Pain Management
  253. Pancreatic cysts
  254. Pancreatitis
  255. Panic attacks and panic disorder
  256. Pap test: Can it detect ovarian cancer?
  257. Parvovirus infection
  258. Peanut allergy
  259. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  260. Peptic ulcer
  261. Peritonitis
  262. Pinworm infection
  263. Pituitary tumors
  264. Plague
  265. Polio
  266. Polymorphous light eruption
  267. Polymorphous Light Eruption
  268. Porphyria
  269. Postpartum preeclampsia
  270. Preeclampsia
  271. Preventing Kidney Stones
  272. Infographic: Proton Beam Brain Tumor
  273. Pseudomembranous colitis
  274. Pseudotumor cerebri
  275. Punk Guitarist Survives Brain Tumor
  276. Pyloric stenosis
  277. Q fever
  278. Radiation sickness
  279. Recurrent breast cancer
  280. Recurring strep throat: When is tonsillectomy useful?
  281. Endometriosis: Reduce pain during sex
  282. Renal diet for vegetarians
  283. Reye's syndrome
  284. Rhabdomyolysis
  285. Rocky Mountain spotted fever
  286. Rotavirus
  287. Ruptured eardrum (perforated eardrum)
  288. Salmonella infection
  289. Salt craving: A symptom of Addison's disease?
  290. SCAD 2 Social Media as a Lifesaving Link
  291. Scarlet fever
  292. Scrotal masses
  293. Self-care for the flu
  294. Shaken baby syndrome
  295. Shellfish allergy
  296. Silent heart attack
  297. Smallpox
  298. Social anxiety disorder
  299. Spider bites
  300. Spinal headaches
  301. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  302. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  303. Staph infections
  304. Stomach cancer
  305. Infographic: Stomach Cancer
  306. Stop your next migraine before it starts
  307. Strep throat
  308. Strep throat in infants: A common diagnosis?
  309. Stress and headaches: Stop the cycle
  310. Sudden cardiac arrest
  311. Sudden death in young people: Heart problems often blamed
  312. Sulfa allergy
  313. Sun rash: Causes and prevention
  314. Swine flu (H1N1 flu)
  315. Symptom Checker
  316. Tapeworm infection
  317. Testicular torsion
  318. Thunderclap headaches
  319. Toxic hepatitis
  320. Toxic shock syndrome
  321. Traumatic brain injury
  322. Traveler's diarrhea
  323. Tularemia
  324. Vascular rings
  325. Vasovagal syncope
  326. Ventricular fibrillation
  327. Vertigo
  328. Can having vitamin D deficiency cause high blood pressure?
  329. What causes endometriosis? Theories about how endo starts
  330. Heart failure action plan
  331. What is meant by the term heart age?
  332. What's the difference between H1N1 flu and influenza A?
  333. Wheat allergy
  334. Whooping cough
  335. Whooping cough
  336. Why isn't there a hepatitis C vaccine?
  337. Wilson's disease
  338. Endometriosis: Working with your doctor
  339. Yellow fever
  340. Fecal transplant treatment of C. difficile at Mayo Clinic
  341. Mayo Clinic study reporting increased incidence of C. difficile infection
  342. Effectively managing chronic kidney disease
  343. Mayo Clinic Research Finds Risk of Glaucoma Blindness Drops by Half
  344. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome