نتجم أغلب حالات ضيق التنفس عن مشاكل في القلب أو في الرئتين. يشترك القلب والرئتان في توصيل الأُوكسجين إِلى أنسجة الجسم وإزالة ثنائي أوكسيد الكربون، فتؤثر المشاكل في أي من هاتين العمليتين على تَنَفُسك.

يعود سبب ضيق التنفس الذي يأتي بشكل مفاجىء (يُعرف بالحاد) إلى عدد محدود من الأسباب بما فيها الآتي:

  1. التأق
  2. الربو
  3. التسمم بأول أكسيد الكربون
  4. اندحاس القلب (فرط السوائل حول القلب)
  5. داء الانسداد الرئوي المزمن (COPD) (داء الانسداد الرئوي المزمن) — مصطلح شامل لمجموعة من الأمراض التي تمنع تدفق الهواء من الرئتين — بما في ذلك النفاخ الرئوي.
  6. مرض فيروس كورونا المستجد 2019 (كوفيد-19)
  7. النوبة القلبية
  8. اضطراب نظم القلب (مشاكل عدم انتظام ضربات القلب)
  9. فشل القلب
  10. الالتهاب الرئوي (وغيرها من الالتهابات الرئوية)
  11. استرواح الصدر — انخماص الرئة.
  12. الانصمام الرئوي — جلطة دموية في أحد شرايين الرئة.
  13. نزف الدم المفاجىء
  14. انسداد أعلى الممر الهوائي (انسداد الممر التنفسي)

في حال صعوبة التنفس التي تستمر لأسابيع أو أكثر (المُزمنة) تعود هذه الحالة في أغلب الأحيان إِلى الأسباب الآتية:

  1. الربو — حالة مَرَضية طويلة الأمد تؤثر على المجاري الهوائية بالرئتين.
  2. داء الانسداد الرئوي المزمن (COPD) (داء الانسداد الرئوي المزمن) — مصطلح شامل لمجموعة من الأمراض التي تمنع تدفق الهواء من الرئتين — بما في ذلك النفاخ الرئوي.
  3. زوال التَكَيُّف
  4. اختلال القلب الوظيفي
  5. داء الرئة الخلالي — مصطلح شامل لمجموعة كبيرة من الحالات التي تسبب تندب الرئتين.
  6. السمنة
  7. الانصباب الجنبي (تراكم السوائل حول الرئتين)

يُمكن أن تُصعِّب مجموعة من الحالات المرضية الأُخرى تنفس الهواء بكمية كافية. وتتضمن الأمثلة الآتي:

مشاكل الرئة

  1. الخناق (خاصةً لدى الأطفال الصغار)
  2. سرطان الرئة
  3. التهاب الجنبة (تهيُّج الغشاء المحيط بالرئتين)
  4. الوذمة الرئوية. — زيادة السوائل بالرئة.
  5. التليف الرئوي هو مرَض يصيب الرئة عندما تتضرر أنسجتها وتظهر بها الندوب.
  6. فرط ضغط الدم الرئوي
  7. الساركويد
  8. السُّل

مشاكل القلب

  1. اعتلال عضلة القلب (مشكلة في عضلة القلب)
  2. فشل القلب
  3. التهاب التامور (تهيُّج النسيج المحيط بالقلب)

المشاكل الأُخرى

  1. الأنيميا (فقر الدم) — حالة مَرَضية لا يتمكن فيها الجسم من الحصول على الأكسجين، بسبب نقص كريات الدم الحمراء السليمة.
  2. اضطرابات القلق
  3. كسور في الضلوع
  4. الاختناق: الإسعافات الأولية
  5. التهاب لسان المزمار (تورُّم "غطاء" القصبة الهوائية)
  6. استنشاق جسم غريب: الإسعافات الأولية
  7. متلازمة غيلان باريه
  8. جنَف حُدابي (تشوُّه في جدار الصدر)
  9. الوهن العضلي الوبيل (حالة صحية تُسبِّب ضعف العضلات)

يشيع ارتباط الأسباب الظاهرة هنا بهذا العرض الصحي. اعمل مع الطبيب أو مع محترفي الرعاية الصحية للتوصل إلى التشخيص الدقيق.

13/06/2020

اطلع كذلك على

  1. Acute coronary syndrome
  2. Acute kidney failure
  3. Acute lymphocytic leukemia
  4. Acute myelogenous leukemia
  5. Albuterol side effects
  6. Allergies
  7. Allergies and asthma
  8. Allergy medications: Know your options
  9. Allergy-proof your home
  10. Alpha-gal syndrome
  11. Amniotic fluid embolism
  12. Amyloidosis
  13. Anemia
  14. Angina
  15. Angina treatment: Stents, drugs, lifestyle changes — What's best?
  16. Aortic aneurysm
  17. Aortic Aneurysms
  18. Aortic calcification: An early sign of heart valve problems?
  19. Aortic dissection
  20. Aortic valve regurgitation
  21. Aortic valve stenosis
  22. Aplastic anemia
  23. ARDS
  24. Asbestosis
  25. Ascariasis
  26. Aspergillosis
  27. Aspirin allergy
  28. Asthma
  29. Asthma and acid reflux
  30. Asthma attack
  31. Asthma diet
  32. Asthma inhalers: Which one's right for you?
  33. Asthma: Colds and flu
  34. Asthma medications
  35. Asthma: Testing and diagnosis
  36. Asthma treatment: 3 steps
  37. Atrial fibrillation
  38. Atrial fibrillation and managing stress
  39. Atrial septal defect (ASD)
  40. Automated external defibrillators: Do you need an AED?
  41. Blood Cancers and Disorders
  42. Blood clots during menstruation: A concern?
  43. Blood tests for heart disease
  44. Mitral valve clip to treat mitral regurgitation: Bob's story
  45. Bradycardia
  46. Mitral valve overview
  47. Aortic surgery: What patients need to know — Mayo Clinic
  48. How kidneys work
  49. Jack Long — Live LONG - Beat STRONG to find a cure
  50. A leaky tricuspid valve
  51. Leaky valve cone procedure
  52. Mayo Clinic offers congenital heart care: Marcus' story
  53. Video: Septal myectomy and apical myectomy
  54. Treating Pericarditis
  55. Valve problems in children with heart disease: What patients and families should know
  56. Video: Valve-sparing aortic root replacement
  57. Broken heart syndrome
  58. Calcium supplements: A risk factor for heart attack?
  59. COVID-19 and vitamin D
  60. Can vitamins help prevent a heart attack?
  61. Carcinoid tumors
  62. Cardiac asthma: What causes it?
  63. Cardiogenic shock
  64. Cardiomyopathy
  65. Kinser's story
  66. Caregiving for someone with atrial fibrillation
  67. Central sleep apnea
  68. Chelation therapy for heart disease: Does it work?
  69. Chest pain
  70. Chronic cough
  71. Chronic kidney disease
  72. Chronic kidney disease: Is a clinical trial right for me?
  73. COPD
  74. Chronic sinusitis
  75. Churg-Strauss syndrome
  76. Coarctation of the aorta
  77. What are congenital heart defects? An expert explains
  78. Congenital heart defects in children
  79. Congenital heart disease in adults
  80. Congenital heart defects FAQs
  81. Anxiety and diet
  82. Coronary artery disease
  83. Coronary artery disease: Angioplasty or bypass surgery?
  84. What is coronary artery disease? A Mayo Clinic cardiologist explains.
  85. Coronary artery disease FAQs
  86. Coronary artery spasm: Cause for concern?
  87. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  88. COVID-19: How can I protect myself?
  89. Herd immunity and respiratory illness
  90. COVID-19 and pets
  91. COVID-19 and your mental health
  92. COVID-19, cold, allergies and the flu
  93. Long-term effects of COVID-19
  94. COVID-19 drugs: Are there any that work?
  95. COVID-19 in babies and children
  96. Coronavirus infection by race
  97. COVID-19 travel advice
  98. COVID-19 vaccines for kids: What you need to know
  99. COVID-19 vaccines
  100. COVID-19 variant
  101. COVID-19 vs. flu: Similarities and differences
  102. COVID-19: Who's at higher risk of serious symptoms?
  103. CPAP machines: Tips for avoiding 10 common problems
  104. Craving and chewing ice: A sign of anemia?
  105. Cystic fibrosis
  106. What is cystic fibrosis? A Mayo Clinic expert explains
  107. Cystic fibrosis FAQs
  108. Daily aspirin therapy
  109. Debunking coronavirus myths
  110. Diabetic coma
  111. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  112. Different COVID-19 vaccines
  113. DiGeorge syndrome (22q11.2 deletion syndrome)
  114. Dilated cardiomyopathy
  115. Does atrial fibrillation run in families?
  116. Does older age increase the risk of atrial fibrillation?
  117. Drug allergy
  118. Drug-eluting stents
  119. Drummer Beats Heart Disease
  120. Dust mite allergy
  121. Early HIV symptoms: What are they?
  122. Eating right for chronic kidney disease
  123. Ebstein anomaly
  124. ED Drugs for Pulmonary Hypertension
  125. Egg allergy
  126. Eisenmenger syndrome
  127. Emphysema
  128. Endocarditis
  129. Enlarged heart
  130. Factor V Leiden
  131. Fasting diet: Can it improve my heart health?
  132. Fight coronavirus (COVID-19) transmission at home
  133. Flu Shot Prevents Heart Attack
  134. Flu shots and heart disease
  135. Four Steps to Heart Health
  136. Gangrene
  137. Generalized anxiety disorder
  138. Genetics and Cardiomyopathy
  139. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
  140. Grass-fed beef
  141. Guide to different tick species and the diseases they carry
  142. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
  143. Healthy Heart for Life!
  144. Heart and Blood Health
  145. Heart arrhythmia
  146. Heart attack
  147. Heart attack prevention: Should I avoid secondhand smoke?
  148. Heart attack symptoms
  149. Heart Attack Timing
  150. Heart disease
  151. Heart disease in women: Understand symptoms and risk factors
  152. Heart failure
  153. Heart failure and sex: Is it safe?
  154. Heart-healthy diet: 8 steps to prevent heart disease
  155. Heart murmurs
  156. Heart palpitations
  157. Heart Rhythm Conditions
  158. Heavy menstrual bleeding
  159. Heavy periods: Can folic acid help?
  160. Herbal treatment for anxiety: Is it effective?
  161. Hidden Heart Attack
  162. HIV/AIDS
  163. Holiday Heart
  164. How do COVID-19 antibody tests differ from diagnostic tests?
  165. How well do face masks protect against COVID-19?
  166. Hurthle cell cancer
  167. Hyperglycemia in diabetes
  168. Hyperinflated lungs: What does it mean?
  169. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  170. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy HCM
  171. Mayo Clinic Minute: Identifying and treating atrial fibrillation
  172. Interstitial lung disease
  173. Iron deficiency anemia
  174. Is hydroxychloroquine a treatment for COVID-19?
  175. What is kidney disease? An expert explains
  176. Kidney disease FAQs
  177. Left ventricular hypertrophy
  178. Legionnaires' disease
  179. Living with Lupus
  180. Low-phosphorus diet: Helpful for kidney disease?
  181. Lung cancer
  182. Lung Cancer
  183. Infographic: Lung Cancer
  184. Lung nodules: Can they be cancerous?
  185. Lupus
  186. Mayo Clinic Minute: You're washing your hands all wrong
  187. Mayo Clinic Minute: How dirty are common surfaces?
  188. Median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS)
  189. Menus for heart-healthy eating
  190. Mesothelioma
  191. Mitral valve prolapse
  192. Mitral valve regurgitation
  193. Mitral valve stenosis
  194. MRI: Is gadolinium safe for people with kidney problems?
  195. Myelodysplastic syndromes
  196. Myelofibrosis
  197. Myelofibrosis
  198. Myocardial ischemia
  199. Myocarditis
  200. Nasal Cleaning
  201. Nocturnal panic attacks: What causes them?
  202. NSAIDs: Do they increase my risk of heart attack and stroke?
  203. Nuts and your heart: Eating nuts for heart health
  204. Obstructive sleep apnea
  205. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  206. Omega-3 in fish
  207. Omega-6 fatty acids
  208. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  209. Ozone air purifiers
  210. Panic attacks and panic disorder
  211. Peanut allergy
  212. Pericardial effusion
  213. Pericarditis
  214. Planning to travel with atrial fibrillation?
  215. Pleurisy
  216. Pneumonia
  217. Pneumonitis
  218. Pneumothorax
  219. Polycythemia vera
  220. Polyhydramnios
  221. Polymyositis
  222. Polypill: Does it treat heart disease?
  223. Post COVID syndrome
  224. Pregnancy and atrial fibrillation
  225. Pregnancy and COVID-19
  226. Pulmonary atresia
  227. Pulmonary edema
  228. Pulmonary embolism
  229. Pulmonary fibrosis
  230. Pulmonary hypertension
  231. Pulmonary valve stenosis
  232. Red wine, antioxidants and resveratrol
  233. Renal diet for vegetarians
  234. Researchers Develop New Stents for Complex Aortic Aneurysms
  235. Rheumatic fever
  236. Robotic heart surgery treats mitral regurgitation: Ed's story
  237. Robotic or minimally invasive cardiac surgery for adult-adolescent congenital heart disease
  238. Safe outdoor activities during the COVID-19 pandemic
  239. Safety tips for attending school during COVID-19
  240. Sarcoidosis
  241. SCAD 2 Social Media as a Lifesaving Link
  242. Scleroderma
  243. Sex and COVID-19
  244. Should I make changes to my diet if I've been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation?
  245. Sick sinus syndrome
  246. Silent heart attack
  247. Sleep apnea
  248. Small vessel disease
  249. Somatic symptom disorder
  250. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  251. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  252. Heart disease prevention
  253. Sudden cardiac arrest
  254. Sudden death in young people: Heart problems often blamed
  255. Sulfa allergy
  256. Super Survivor Conquers Cancer
  257. Tachycardia
  258. Takayasu's arteritis
  259. Test anxiety: Can it be treated?
  260. Tetralogy of Fallot
  261. Tetralogy of Fallot
  262. Thalassemia
  263. Thoracic aortic aneurysm
  264. Thyroid nodules
  265. Transplants
  266. Transposition of the great arteries
  267. Treating COVID-19 at home
  268. Tricuspid atresia
  269. Tricuspid valve regurgitation
  270. Tuberous sclerosis
  271. Unusual symptoms of coronavirus
  272. Ventricular fibrillation
  273. Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
  274. Asthma attack video
  275. Video: Heart and circulatory system
  276. CPAP: How it works
  277. Dry powder disk inhaler
  278. Dry powder tube inhaler
  279. Video: How to use a peak flow meter
  280. Single-dose dry powder inhaler
  281. Mitral valve regurgitation
  282. Using a metered dose asthma inhaler and spacer
  283. Obstructive sleep apnea: What happens?
  284. Vitamin deficiency anemia
  285. Vocal cord dysfunction
  286. Von Willebrand disease
  287. Walking pneumonia
  288. Heart failure action plan
  289. What is aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD)?
  290. Which CPAP masks are best for you?
  291. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome
  292. Effectively managing chronic kidney disease