By Mayo Clinic Staff

قليلة هي الأحاسيس التي تثير الفزع في النفس كما يثيره إحساس العجز عن التنفس. ضيق النفس -التي تُعرَف أيضًا بضيق التنفس- هي حالة يحدث فيها ضيق حاد في الصدر، أو احتياج شديد للهواء، أو صعوبة في التنفس، أو انقطاع النفس أو الشعور بالاختناق.

يمكن أن تسبِّب الأنشطة البدنية الشاقة ودرجات الحرارة شديدة الارتفاع أو الانخفاض والسُمنة المفرطة والمرتفعات العالية ضيق النفس لشخص سليم. بالإضافة إلى هذه الأمثلة، من المحتمل أن يكون ضيق النفس علامة على وجود مشكلة طبية.

إذا كان لديك ضيق غير مبرَّر في النفس، خاصةً إذا كان يحدث فجأةً على هيئة نوبات شديدة، فاذهب إلى الطبيب على الفور.


اطلع كذلك على

  1. 6 surprising signs you may have obstructive sleep apnea
  2. Acute coronary syndrome
  3. Acute kidney failure
  4. Acute lymphocytic leukemia
  5. Acute myelogenous leukemia
  6. Albuterol side effects
  7. Allergies
  8. Allergies and asthma
  9. Allergy medications: Know your options
  10. Allergy-proof your home
  11. Alpha-gal syndrome
  12. Amniotic fluid embolism
  13. Amyloidosis
  14. Anemia
  15. Angina
  16. Angina treatment: Stents, drugs, lifestyle changes — What's best?
  17. Aortic aneurysm
  18. Aortic calcification: An early sign of heart valve problems?
  19. Aortic dissection
  20. Aortic valve regurgitation
  21. Aortic valve stenosis
  22. Aplastic anemia
  23. ARDS
  24. Asbestosis
  25. Ascariasis
  26. Aspergillosis
  27. Aspirin allergy
  28. Asthma
  29. Asthma and acid reflux
  30. Asthma attack
  31. Asthma diet
  32. Adult asthma action plan
  33. Asthma inhalers: Which one's right for you?
  34. Asthma: Colds and flu
  35. Asthma medications
  36. Asthma: Testing and diagnosis
  37. Asthma treatment: 3 steps
  38. CAM asthma treatments
  39. Asthma and menstruation
  40. Asthma-friendly products
  41. Atrial fibrillation
  42. Atrial fibrillation and managing stress
  43. Atrial septal defect (ASD)
  44. Automated external defibrillators: Do you need an AED?
  45. Avoid rebound nasal congestion
  46. Barrel chest: What causes it?
  47. Blood clots during menstruation: A concern?
  48. Blood tests for heart disease
  49. Mitral valve clip to treat mitral regurgitation: Bob's story
  50. Bradycardia
  51. Mitral valve overview
  52. 4 Ways to Prevent Heart Attack
  53. Adult congenital heart disease: What patients and families should know
  54. Adult defects
  55. Video: Aortic Surgery: What Patients Need to Know
  56. Ebstein Anomaly
  57. Ebstein Anomaly Part Two: Patient Frequently Asked Questions
  58. Fact or Fiction? Debunking Exercise & Nutrition Myths for Preventing Heart Disease and Risk Factors
  59. Giant Cell Myocarditis
  60. Healthy Heart Numbers
  61. Heart disease in women
  62. Heart Failure
  63. How kidneys work
  64. Jack Long — Live Long, Beat Strong to Find a Cure
  65. Video: Leaky Valve Animation
  66. Leaky Valve Cone Procedure
  67. Living with Atrial Fibrillation- Patient Experiences and Treatment
  68. Mayo Clinic - Holiday Heart Attack and Stroke Risk
  69. Mayo Clinic offers congenital heart care: Marcus' story
  70. Pulmonary hypertension overview
  71. Pulmonary Hypertension Treatment and Research
  72. Saved from Transplant
  73. SCAD: A Disease-Specific, Social Networking Community-Initiated Study
  74. Screenings of newborns and athletes for genetic heart disease
  75. Video: Septal myectomy and apical myectomy
  76. Sports Cardiology Program
  77. Supraventricular Tachycardia
  78. Treating Pericarditis
  79. Valve problems in children with heart disease: What patients and families should know
  80. Video: Valve-Sparing Aortic Root Replacement
  81. Broken heart: Can grief damage your heart?
  82. Broken heart syndrome
  83. Calcium supplements: A risk factor for heart attack?
  84. Can COVID-19 (coronavirus) spread through food, water, surfaces and pets?
  85. Can vitamins help prevent a heart attack?
  86. Carcinoid tumors
  87. Cardiac asthma: What causes it?
  88. Infographic: Cardiac sarcoidosis: A heart under attack
  89. Cardiogenic shock
  90. Cardiomyopathy
  91. Kinser's story
  92. Caregiving for someone with atrial fibrillation
  93. Sleep apnea, central
  94. Chelation therapy for heart disease: Does it work?
  95. Chest pain
  96. Chronic cough
  97. Chronic kidney disease
  98. COPD
  99. Chronic sinusitis
  100. Churg-Strauss syndrome
  101. Coarctation of the aorta
  102. Congenital heart defects in children
  103. Infographic: Congenital Heart Disease and Lifelong Care
  104. Congenital heart disease in adults
  105. Control your portions, control your weight
  106. Anxiety and diet
  107. Coronary artery disease
  108. Coronary artery disease: Angioplasty or bypass surgery?
  109. Coronary artery spasm: Cause for concern?
  110. Coronavirus safety tips for going out
  111. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  112. Coronavirus disease: What is it and how can I protect myself?
  113. Coronavirus grief
  114. Herd immunity and coronavirus
  115. COVID-19 and pets
  116. COVID-19 and your mental health
  117. COVID-19 (coronavirus) in babies and children
  118. COVID-19 (coronavirus): Quarantine, self-isolation and social distancing
  119. COVID-19 (coronavirus) stigma: What it is and how to reduce it
  120. COVID-19 (coronavirus) vaccine
  121. COVID-19: How much protection do face masks offer?
  122. Coping with unemployment caused by COVID-19
  123. COVID-19: Who's at higher risk?
  124. CPAP machines: Tips for avoiding 10 common problems
  125. Craving and chewing ice: A sign of anemia?
  126. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia
  127. Cystic fibrosis
  128. Daily aspirin therapy
  129. Debunking coronavirus myths
  130. Diabetic coma
  131. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  132. DiGeorge syndrome (22q11.2 deletion syndrome)
  133. Dilated cardiomyopathy
  134. Does atrial fibrillation run in families?
  135. Does honey really help with allergies?
  136. Does obstructive sleep apnea increase my risk for Alzheimer's disease?
  137. Does older age increase the risk of atrial fibrillation?
  138. Drug allergy
  139. Drug-eluting stents
  140. Drummer Beats Heart Disease
  141. Dust mite allergy
  142. Early HIV symptoms: What are they?
  143. Ebstein anomaly
  144. ED Drugs for Pulmonary Hypertension
  145. Egg allergy
  146. Eisenmenger syndrome
  147. Heart transplant to treat dilated cardiomyopathy: Elmo's story
  148. Emphysema
  149. Endocarditis
  150. Enlarged heart
  151. External Drive: Charles' Artificial Heart
  152. Factor V Leiden
  153. Fasting diet: Can it improve my heart health?
  154. Flu Shot Prevents Heart Attack
  155. Flu shots and heart disease
  156. Four Steps to Heart Health
  157. Gangrene
  158. Generalized anxiety disorder
  159. Genetics and Cardiomyopathy
  160. Getting active after acute coronary syndrome
  161. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
  162. Grass-fed beef
  163. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
  164. Healthy eating: One step at a time
  165. Healthy Heart for Life!
  166. Healthy heart for life: Avoiding heart disease
  167. Heart arrhythmias
  168. Heart attack
  169. Heart attack prevention: Should I avoid secondhand smoke?
  170. Heart attack symptoms
  171. Heart Attack Timing
  172. Heart disease
  173. Heart disease in women: Understand symptoms and risk factors
  174. Heart failure
  175. Heart failure and sex: Is it safe?
  176. Heart-healthy diet: 8 steps to prevent heart disease
  177. Slide show: Heart-healthy eating after acute coronary syndrome
  178. Heart murmurs
  179. Heart palpitations
  180. Heavy periods: Can folic acid help?
  181. Herbal treatment for anxiety: Is it effective?
  182. Hidden Heart Attack
  183. HIV/AIDS
  184. Holiday Heart
  185. How do COVID-19 antibody tests differ from diagnostic tests?
  186. Infographic: How heart-healthy people can suffer a heart attack
  187. How to get used to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy
  188. How to safely go to your doctor during the COVID-19 pandemic
  189. How to talk to your kids about COVID-19
  190. Hurthle cell cancer
  191. Hyperglycemia in diabetes
  192. Hyperinflated lungs: What does it mean?
  193. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  194. Infographic: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  195. Mayo Clinic Minute: Identifying and treating atrial fibrillation
  196. Improve obstructive sleep apnea with physical activity
  197. Interstitial lung disease
  198. Iron deficiency anemia
  199. LABAs for asthma
  200. Left ventricular hypertrophy
  201. Legionnaires' disease
  202. Living better with obstructive sleep apnea
  203. Infographic: Living with Atrial Fibrillation
  204. Living with Lupus
  205. Low-phosphorus diet: Helpful for kidney disease?
  206. Lung cancer
  207. Infographic: Lung Cancer
  208. Lung nodules: Can they be cancerous?
  209. Infographic: Lung Transplant for Cystic Fibrosis
  210. Lupus
  211. Lupus: Can it cause hair loss?
  212. Lupus: Can it cause hives?
  213. Lupus affects kidneys
  214. Making sense of obstructive sleep apnea treatments
  215. Mayo Clinic Minute: You're washing your hands all wrong
  216. Mayo Clinic Minute: How dirty are common surfaces?
  217. Menorrhagia
  218. Menus for heart-healthy eating
  219. Mesothelioma
  220. Mitral valve prolapse
  221. Mitral valve regurgitation
  222. Mitral valve stenosis
  223. MRI: Is gadolinium safe for people with kidney problems?
  224. Myelodysplastic syndromes
  225. Myelofibrosis
  226. Myelofibrosis
  227. Myocardial ischemia
  228. Myocarditis
  229. Nasal Cleaning
  230. Nasal spray addiction: Is it real?
  231. Nocturnal panic attacks: What causes them?
  232. NSAIDs: Do they increase my risk of heart attack and stroke?
  233. Nuts and your heart: Eating nuts for heart health
  234. Sleep apnea, obstructive
  235. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  236. Obstructive sleep apnea: How quickly will I see results from treatment?
  237. COVID-19 (coronavirus) drugs: Are there any that work?
  238. Omega-3 in fish
  239. Omega-6 fatty acids
  240. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  241. Ozone air purifiers
  242. Panic attacks and panic disorder
  243. Peanut allergy
  244. Pericardial effusion
  245. Pericarditis
  246. Photodynamic therapy: An effective treatment for lung cancer?
  247. Planning to travel with atrial fibrillation?
  248. Pleurisy
  249. Pneumonia
  250. Pneumonitis
  251. Pneumothorax
  252. Polycythemia vera
  253. Polyhydramnios
  254. Polymyositis
  255. Polymyositis: Can it affect my lungs?
  256. Polypill: Does it treat heart disease?
  257. Pregnancy and atrial fibrillation
  258. PrEP to prevent HIV
  259. Protein: Heart-healthy sources
  260. Pulmonary atresia
  261. Pulmonary edema
  262. Pulmonary embolism
  263. Pulmonary fibrosis
  264. Pulmonary hypertension
  265. Pulmonary valve stenosis
  266. Put fish on the menu
  267. Reactive airway disease: Is it asthma?
  268. Red wine, antioxidants and resveratrol
  269. Reduce your risk of stroke if you have atrial fibrillation
  270. Renal diet for vegetarians
  271. Researchers Develop New Stents for Complex Aortic Aneurysms
  272. Rheumatic fever
  273. Robotic heart surgery treats mitral regurgitation: Ed's story
  274. Robotic or minimally invasive cardiac surgery for adult-adolescent congenital heart disease
  275. Sarcoidosis
  276. SCAD 2 Social Media as a Lifesaving Link
  277. Sex and COVID-19
  278. Should I make changes to my diet if I've been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation?
  279. Should people with atrial fibrillation participate in physical activity?
  280. Sick sinus syndrome
  281. Silent heart attack
  282. Sleep apnea
  283. Sleep apnea and caffeine: Any connection?
  284. CPAP masks
  285. Small vessel disease
  286. Sodium: Smarten up
  287. Somatic symptom disorder
  288. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  289. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  290. Heart disease prevention
  291. Sudden cardiac arrest
  292. Sudden death in young people: Heart problems often blamed
  293. Sulfa allergy
  294. Super Survivor Conquers Cancer
  295. Tachycardia
  296. Takayasu's arteritis
  297. Telemedicine online doctor visits
  298. Test anxiety: Can it be treated?
  299. Tetralogy of Fallot
  300. Tetralogy of Fallot
  301. Thalassemia
  302. Infographic: The blueprints to your heart
  303. Thoracic aortic aneurysm
  304. Thyroid nodules
  305. Transposition of the great arteries
  306. Treating COVID-19 at home
  307. Tricuspid atresia
  308. Tricuspid valve regurgitation
  309. Trouble breathing
  310. Tuberous sclerosis
  311. Ventricular fibrillation
  312. Ventricular septal defect
  313. Asthma attack video
  314. Video: Heart and circulatory system
  315. CPAP: How it works
  316. Dry powder disk inhaler
  317. Dry powder tube inhaler
  318. Video: How to use a peak flow meter
  319. Single-dose dry powder inhaler
  320. Mitral valve regurgitation
  321. Using a metered dose asthma inhaler and spacer
  322. Obstructive sleep apnea: What happens?
  323. Vitamin deficiency anemia
  324. Vocal cord dysfunction
  325. Von Willebrand disease
  326. Walking pneumonia
  327. Fight coronavirus transmission at home
  328. Heart failure action plan
  329. What is aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD)?
  330. What is meant by the term "heart age"?
  331. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome
  332. Infographic: Women and Heart Disease
  333. Effectively managing chronic kidney disease