التعريف

By Mayo Clinic Staff

قليلة هي الأحاسيس التي تثير الفزع في النفس كما يثيره إحساس العجز عن التنفس. ضيق النفس -التي تُعرَف أيضًا بضيق التنفس- هي حالة يحدث فيها ضيق حاد في الصدر، أو احتياج شديد للهواء، أو صعوبة في التنفس، أو انقطاع النفس أو الشعور بالاختناق.

يمكن أن تسبِّب الأنشطة البدنية الشاقة ودرجات الحرارة شديدة الارتفاع أو الانخفاض والسُمنة المفرطة والمرتفعات العالية ضيق النفس لشخص سليم. بالإضافة إلى هذه الأمثلة، من المحتمل أن يكون ضيق النفس علامة على وجود مشكلة طبية.

إذا كان لديك ضيق غير مبرَّر في النفس، خاصةً إذا كان يحدث فجأةً على هيئة نوبات شديدة، فاذهب إلى الطبيب على الفور.

07/09/2019

اطلع كذلك على

  1. 10 signs you might have amyloidosis
  2. Acute coronary syndrome
  3. Acute kidney failure
  4. Acute lymphocytic leukemia
  5. Acute myelogenous leukemia
  6. Albuterol side effects
  7. Allergies
  8. Allergies and asthma
  9. Allergy medications: Know your options
  10. Allergy-proof your home
  11. Alpha-gal syndrome
  12. Amniotic fluid embolism
  13. Amyloidosis
  14. Amyloidosis: Am I at risk?
  15. Amyloidosis: How do I cope?
  16. Anemia
  17. Angina
  18. Angina treatment: Stents, drugs, lifestyle changes — What's best?
  19. Aortic aneurysm
  20. Aortic calcification: An early sign of heart valve problems?
  21. Aortic dissection
  22. Aortic valve regurgitation
  23. Aortic valve stenosis
  24. Aplastic anemia
  25. ARDS
  26. Asbestosis
  27. Ascariasis
  28. Aspergillosis
  29. Aspirin allergy
  30. Asthma
  31. Asthma and acid reflux
  32. Asthma attack
  33. Asthma diet
  34. Adult asthma action plan
  35. Asthma inhalers: Which one's right for you?
  36. Asthma: Colds and flu
  37. Asthma medications
  38. Asthma: Testing and diagnosis
  39. Asthma treatment: 3 steps
  40. CAM asthma treatments
  41. Asthma and menstruation
  42. Asthma-friendly products
  43. Atrial fibrillation
  44. Atrial fibrillation and managing stress
  45. Atrial septal defect
  46. Automated external defibrillators: Do you need an AED?
  47. Avoid rebound nasal congestion
  48. Barrel chest: What causes it?
  49. Blood clots during menstruation: A concern?
  50. Blood tests for heart disease
  51. Mitral valve clip to treat mitral regurgitation: Bob's story
  52. Bradycardia
  53. Mitral valve overview
  54. 4 Ways to Prevent Heart Attack
  55. Adult congenital heart disease: What patients and families should know
  56. Adult defects
  57. Video: Aortic Surgery: What Patients Need to Know
  58. Ebstein Anomaly
  59. Ebstein Anomaly Part Two: Patient Frequently Asked Questions
  60. Fact or Fiction? Debunking Exercise & Nutrition Myths for Preventing Heart Disease and Risk Factors
  61. Giant Cell Myocarditis
  62. Healthy Heart Numbers
  63. Heart disease in women
  64. Heart Failure
  65. How kidneys work
  66. Jack Long — Live Long, Beat Strong to Find a Cure
  67. Video: Leaky Valve Animation
  68. Leaky Valve Cone Procedure
  69. Living with Atrial Fibrillation- Patient Experiences and Treatment
  70. Mayo Clinic - Holiday Heart Attack and Stroke Risk
  71. Mayo Clinic offers congenital heart care: Marcus' story
  72. Pulmonary hypertension overview
  73. Pulmonary Hypertension Treatment and Research
  74. Saved from Transplant
  75. SCAD: A Disease-Specific, Social Networking Community-Initiated Study
  76. Screenings of newborns and athletes for genetic heart disease
  77. Video: Septal myectomy and apical myectomy
  78. Sports Cardiology Program
  79. Supraventricular Tachycardia
  80. Treating Pericarditis
  81. Valve problems in children with heart disease: What patients and families should know
  82. Video: Valve-Sparing Aortic Root Replacement
  83. Broken heart: Can grief damage your heart?
  84. Broken heart syndrome
  85. Calcium supplements: A risk factor for heart attack?
  86. Can vitamins help prevent a heart attack?
  87. Can you use honey for allergies?
  88. Carcinoid tumors
  89. Cardiac asthma: What causes it?
  90. Infographic: Cardiac sarcoidosis: A heart under attack
  91. Cardiogenic shock
  92. Cardiomyopathy
  93. Kinser's story
  94. Caregiving for someone with atrial fibrillation
  95. Sleep apnea, central
  96. Chelation therapy for heart disease: Does it work?
  97. Chest pain
  98. Chronic cough
  99. Chronic kidney disease
  100. COPD
  101. Chronic sinusitis
  102. Churg-Strauss syndrome
  103. Coarctation of the aorta
  104. Congenital heart defects in children
  105. Infographic: Congenital Heart Disease and Lifelong Care
  106. Congenital heart disease in adults
  107. Control your portions, control your weight
  108. COPD: Working with your doctor
  109. COPD: Protecting against flare-ups
  110. Safely exercising with COPD
  111. COPD: Breathing techniques
  112. Anxiety and diet
  113. Coping with COPD
  114. Coronary artery disease
  115. Coronary artery disease: Angioplasty or bypass surgery?
  116. Coronary artery spasm: Cause for concern?
  117. CPAP machines: Tips for avoiding 10 common problems
  118. Craving and chewing ice: A sign of anemia?
  119. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia
  120. Cystic fibrosis
  121. Daily aspirin therapy
  122. Diabetic coma
  123. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  124. DiGeorge syndrome (22q11.2 deletion syndrome)
  125. Dilated cardiomyopathy
  126. Does atrial fibrillation run in families?
  127. Does older age increase the risk of atrial fibrillation?
  128. Drug allergy
  129. Drug-eluting stents
  130. Drummer Beats Heart Disease
  131. Dust mite allergy
  132. Dyspnea
  133. Early HIV symptoms: What are they?
  134. Eating well with COPD
  135. Ebstein anomaly
  136. ED Drugs for Pulmonary Hypertension
  137. Egg allergy
  138. Eisenmenger syndrome
  139. Heart transplant to treat dilated cardiomyopathy: Elmo's story
  140. Emphysema
  141. Endocarditis
  142. Enlarged heart
  143. External Drive: Charles' Artificial Heart
  144. Factor V Leiden
  145. Fasting diet: Can it improve my heart health?
  146. Flu Shot Prevents Heart Attack
  147. Flu shots and heart disease
  148. Four Steps to Heart Health
  149. Gangrene
  150. Generalized anxiety disorder
  151. Genetics and Cardiomyopathy
  152. Getting active after acute coronary syndrome
  153. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
  154. Grass-fed beef
  155. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
  156. Healthy eating: One step at a time
  157. Healthy Heart for Life!
  158. Healthy heart for life: Avoiding heart disease
  159. Heart arrhythmias
  160. Heart attack
  161. Heart attack prevention: Should I avoid secondhand smoke?
  162. Heart attack symptoms
  163. Heart Attack Timing
  164. Heart disease
  165. Heart disease in women: Understand symptoms and risk factors
  166. Heart failure
  167. Heart failure and sex: Is it safe?
  168. Heart-healthy diet: 8 steps to prevent heart disease
  169. Slide show: Heart-healthy eating after acute coronary syndrome
  170. Heart murmurs
  171. Heart palpitations
  172. Heavy periods: Can folic acid help?
  173. Herbal treatment for anxiety: Is it effective?
  174. Hidden Heart Attack
  175. HIV/AIDS
  176. Holiday Heart
  177. Infographic: How heart-healthy people can suffer a heart attack
  178. Hurthle cell cancer
  179. Hyperglycemia in diabetes
  180. Hyperinflated lungs: What does it mean?
  181. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  182. Infographic: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  183. Mayo Clinic Minute: Identifying and Treating Atrial Fibrillation
  184. Interstitial lung disease
  185. Iron deficiency anemia
  186. LABAs for asthma
  187. Left ventricular hypertrophy
  188. Legionnaires' disease
  189. Living better with COPD
  190. Infographic: Living with Atrial Fibrillation
  191. Living with Lupus
  192. Low-phosphorus diet: Helpful for kidney disease?
  193. Lung cancer
  194. Infographic: Lung Cancer
  195. Lung nodules: Can they be cancerous?
  196. Infographic: Lung Transplant for Cystic Fibrosis
  197. Lupus
  198. Lupus: Can it cause hair loss?
  199. Lupus: Can it cause hives?
  200. Lupus affects kidneys
  201. Menorrhagia
  202. Menus for heart-healthy eating
  203. Mesothelioma
  204. Mitral valve prolapse
  205. Mitral valve regurgitation
  206. Mitral valve stenosis
  207. MRI: Is gadolinium safe for people with kidney problems?
  208. Myelodysplastic syndromes
  209. Myelofibrosis
  210. Myelofibrosis
  211. Myocardial ischemia
  212. Myocarditis
  213. Nasal Cleaning
  214. Nasal spray addiction: Is it real?
  215. Nocturnal panic attacks: What causes them?
  216. NSAIDs: Do they increase my risk of heart attack and stroke?
  217. Nuts and your heart: Eating nuts for heart health
  218. Sleep apnea, obstructive
  219. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  220. Omega-3 in fish
  221. Omega-6 fatty acids
  222. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  223. Ozone air purifiers
  224. Panic attacks and panic disorder
  225. Peanut allergy
  226. Pericardial effusion
  227. Pericarditis
  228. Photodynamic therapy: An effective treatment for lung cancer?
  229. Planning to travel with atrial fibrillation?
  230. Pleurisy
  231. Pneumonia
  232. Pneumonitis
  233. Pneumothorax
  234. Polycythemia vera
  235. Polyhydramnios
  236. Polymyositis
  237. Polymyositis : Can it affect my lungs?
  238. Polypill: Does it treat heart disease?
  239. Pregnancy and atrial fibrillation
  240. PrEP to prevent HIV
  241. Protein: Heart-healthy sources
  242. Pulmonary atresia
  243. Pulmonary edema
  244. Pulmonary embolism
  245. Pulmonary fibrosis
  246. Pulmonary hypertension
  247. Pulmonary valve stenosis
  248. Put fish on the menu
  249. Reactive airway disease: Is it asthma?
  250. Red wine, antioxidants and resveratrol
  251. Reduce your risk of stroke if you have atrial fibrillation
  252. Renal diet for vegetarians
  253. Researchers Develop New Stents for Complex Aortic Aneurysms
  254. Rheumatic fever
  255. Robotic heart surgery treats mitral regurgitation: Ed's story
  256. Robotic or minimally invasive cardiac surgery for adult-adolescent congenital heart disease
  257. Sarcoidosis
  258. SCAD 2 Social Media as a Lifesaving Link
  259. Should I make changes to my diet if I've been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation?
  260. Should people with atrial fibrillation participate in physical activity?
  261. Sick sinus syndrome
  262. Silent heart attack
  263. Sleep apnea
  264. Sleep apnea and caffeine: Any connection?
  265. CPAP masks
  266. Small vessel disease
  267. Sodium: Smarten up
  268. Somatic symptom disorder
  269. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  270. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  271. Heart disease prevention
  272. Sudden cardiac arrest
  273. Sudden death in young people: Heart problems often blamed
  274. Sulfa allergy
  275. Super Survivor Conquers Cancer
  276. Tachycardia
  277. Takayasu's arteritis
  278. Test anxiety: Can it be treated?
  279. Tetralogy of Fallot
  280. Tetralogy of Fallot
  281. Thalassemia
  282. Infographic: The blueprints to your heart
  283. Thoracic aortic aneurysm
  284. Thyroid nodules
  285. Transposition of the great arteries
  286. Tricuspid atresia
  287. Tricuspid valve regurgitation
  288. Trouble breathing
  289. Tuberous sclerosis
  290. Understanding amyloidosis
  291. Understanding your amyloidosis treatment options
  292. Ventricular fibrillation
  293. Ventricular septal defect
  294. Asthma attack video
  295. Video: Heart and circulatory system
  296. CPAP: How it works
  297. Dry powder disk inhaler
  298. Dry powder tube inhaler
  299. Peak flow video
  300. Single-dose dry powder inhaler
  301. Mitral valve regurgitation
  302. Using a metered dose asthma inhaler and spacer
  303. Obstructive sleep apnea: What happens?
  304. Can having vitamin D deficiency cause high blood pressure?
  305. Vitamin deficiency anemia
  306. Vocal cord dysfunction
  307. Von Willebrand disease
  308. Walking pneumonia
  309. Heart failure action plan
  310. What is amyloidosis?
  311. What is meant by the term heart age?
  312. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome
  313. Infographic: Women and Heart Disease
  314. Working with your doctor when you have amyloidosis
  315. Effectively managing chronic kidney disease