التعريف

By Mayo Clinic Staff

قليلة هي الأحاسيس التي تثير الفزع في النفس كما يثيره إحساس العجز عن التنفس. ضيق النفس -التي تُعرَف أيضًا بضيق التنفس- هي حالة يحدث فيها ضيق حاد في الصدر، أو احتياج شديد للهواء، أو صعوبة في التنفس، أو انقطاع النفس أو الشعور بالاختناق.

يمكن أن تسبِّب الأنشطة البدنية الشاقة ودرجات الحرارة شديدة الارتفاع أو الانخفاض والسُمنة المفرطة والمرتفعات العالية ضيق النفس لشخص سليم. بالإضافة إلى هذه الأمثلة، من المحتمل أن يكون ضيق النفس علامة على وجود مشكلة طبية.

إذا كان لديك ضيق غير مبرَّر في النفس، خاصةً إذا كان يحدث فجأةً على هيئة نوبات شديدة، فاذهب إلى الطبيب على الفور.

13/06/2020

اطلع كذلك على

  1. 6 surprising signs you may have obstructive sleep apnea
  2. Acute coronary syndrome
  3. Acute kidney failure
  4. Acute lymphocytic leukemia
  5. Acute myelogenous leukemia
  6. After COVID-19 vaccination: Is it OK to visit with loved ones?
  7. Albuterol side effects
  8. Allergies
  9. Allergies and asthma
  10. Allergy medications: Know your options
  11. Allergy-proof your home
  12. Alpha-gal syndrome
  13. Amniotic fluid embolism
  14. Amyloidosis
  15. Anemia
  16. Angina
  17. Angina treatment: Stents, drugs, lifestyle changes — What's best?
  18. Aortic aneurysm
  19. Aortic calcification: An early sign of heart valve problems?
  20. Aortic dissection
  21. Aortic valve regurgitation
  22. Aortic valve stenosis
  23. Aplastic anemia
  24. ARDS
  25. Asbestosis
  26. Ascariasis
  27. Aspergillosis
  28. Aspirin allergy
  29. Asthma
  30. Asthma and acid reflux
  31. Asthma attack
  32. Asthma diet
  33. Adult asthma action plan
  34. Asthma inhalers: Which one's right for you?
  35. Asthma: Colds and flu
  36. Asthma medications
  37. Asthma: Testing and diagnosis
  38. Asthma treatment: 3 steps
  39. Asthma treatment: Do complementary and alternative approaches work?
  40. Asthma and menstruation
  41. Asthma-friendly products
  42. Atrial fibrillation
  43. Atrial fibrillation and managing stress
  44. Atrial septal defect (ASD)
  45. Automated external defibrillators: Do you need an AED?
  46. Avoid rebound nasal congestion
  47. Barrel chest: What causes it?
  48. Blood clots during menstruation: A concern?
  49. Blood tests for heart disease
  50. Mitral valve clip to treat mitral regurgitation: Bob's story
  51. Bradycardia
  52. Mitral valve overview
  53. 4 Ways to Prevent Heart Attack
  54. Adult congenital heart disease: What patients and families should know
  55. Adult defects
  56. Video: Aortic Surgery: What Patients Need to Know
  57. Ebstein Anomaly
  58. Ebstein Anomaly Part Two: Patient Frequently Asked Questions
  59. Fact or Fiction? Debunking Exercise & Nutrition Myths for Preventing Heart Disease and Risk Factors
  60. Giant Cell Myocarditis
  61. Healthy Heart Numbers
  62. Heart disease in women
  63. Heart Failure
  64. How kidneys work
  65. Jack Long — Live Long, Beat Strong to Find a Cure
  66. Video: Leaky Valve Animation
  67. Leaky Valve Cone Procedure
  68. Mayo Clinic - Holiday Heart Attack and Stroke Risk
  69. Mayo Clinic offers congenital heart care: Marcus' story
  70. Pulmonary hypertension overview
  71. Pulmonary Hypertension Treatment and Research
  72. Saved from Transplant
  73. SCAD: A Disease-Specific, Social Networking Community-Initiated Study
  74. Screenings of newborns and athletes for genetic heart disease
  75. Video: Septal myectomy and apical myectomy
  76. Sports Cardiology Program
  77. Supraventricular Tachycardia
  78. Treating Pericarditis
  79. Valve problems in children with heart disease: What patients and families should know
  80. Video: Valve-Sparing Aortic Root Replacement
  81. Broken heart: Can grief damage your heart?
  82. Broken heart syndrome
  83. Calcium supplements: A risk factor for heart attack?
  84. Can COVID-19 (coronavirus) spread through food, water, surfaces and pets?
  85. COVID-19 and vitamin D
  86. Can vitamins help prevent a heart attack?
  87. Safe cancer treatment during the COVID-19 pandemic
  88. Cancer treatment during COVID-19: How to move ahead safely
  89. Carcinoid tumors
  90. Cardiac asthma: What causes it?
  91. Infographic: Cardiac sarcoidosis: A heart under attack
  92. Cardiogenic shock
  93. Cardiomyopathy
  94. Kinser's story
  95. Caregiving for someone with atrial fibrillation
  96. Central sleep apnea
  97. Chelation therapy for heart disease: Does it work?
  98. Chest pain
  99. Chronic cough
  100. Chronic kidney disease
  101. COPD
  102. Chronic sinusitis
  103. Churg-Strauss syndrome
  104. Coarctation of the aorta
  105. Congenital heart defects in children
  106. Infographic: Congenital Heart Disease and Lifelong Care
  107. Congenital heart disease in adults
  108. Anxiety and diet
  109. Coronary artery disease
  110. Coronary artery disease: Angioplasty or bypass surgery?
  111. Coronary artery spasm: Cause for concern?
  112. Coronavirus safety tips for going out
  113. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  114. COVID-19: How can I protect myself?
  115. Coronavirus grief
  116. Coronavirus vs. flu: Similarities and differences
  117. Herd immunity and coronavirus
  118. COVID-19 and high blood pressure
  119. COVID-19 and pets
  120. COVID-19 and the risk of suicide
  121. COVID-19 and your mental health
  122. COVID-19, cold, allergies and the flu
  123. COVID-19 and holidays
  124. COVID-19 (coronavirus) drugs: Are there any that work?
  125. COVID-19 (coronavirus) in babies and children
  126. Long-term effects of COVID-19
  127. COVID-19 (coronavirus) stigma: What it is and how to reduce it
  128. COVID-19 (coronavirus) travel advice
  129. How well do face masks protect against coronavirus?
  130. Coping with unemployment caused by COVID-19
  131. COVID-19 (coronavirus): Quarantine, self-isolation and social distancing
  132. COVID-19: Social distancing, contact tracing are critical
  133. COVID-19 vaccines
  134. COVID-19 variant
  135. COVID-19: Who's at higher risk of serious symptoms?
  136. CPAP machines: Tips for avoiding 10 common problems
  137. Craving and chewing ice: A sign of anemia?
  138. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia
  139. Cystic fibrosis
  140. Daily aspirin therapy
  141. Debunking coronavirus myths
  142. Diabetic coma
  143. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  144. Different COVID-19 vaccines
  145. DiGeorge syndrome (22q11.2 deletion syndrome)
  146. Dilated cardiomyopathy
  147. Does atrial fibrillation run in families?
  148. Does honey offer sweet relief for allergies?
  149. Does obstructive sleep apnea increase my risk for Alzheimer's disease?
  150. Does older age increase the risk of atrial fibrillation?
  151. Drug allergy
  152. Drug-eluting stents
  153. Drummer Beats Heart Disease
  154. Dust mite allergy
  155. Early HIV symptoms: What are they?
  156. Ebstein anomaly
  157. ED Drugs for Pulmonary Hypertension
  158. Egg allergy
  159. Eisenmenger syndrome
  160. Emphysema
  161. Endocarditis
  162. Enlarged heart
  163. External Drive: Charles' Artificial Heart
  164. Surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic
  165. Factor V Leiden
  166. Fasting diet: Can it improve my heart health?
  167. Flu Shot Prevents Heart Attack
  168. Flu shots and heart disease
  169. Four Steps to Heart Health
  170. Gangrene
  171. Generalized anxiety disorder
  172. Genetics and Cardiomyopathy
  173. Getting active after acute coronary syndrome
  174. Getting safe emergency care during the COVID-19 pandemic
  175. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
  176. Grass-fed beef
  177. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
  178. Healthy eating: One step at a time
  179. Healthy Heart for Life!
  180. Healthy heart for life: Avoiding heart disease
  181. Heart arrhythmia
  182. Heart attack
  183. Heart attack prevention: Should I avoid secondhand smoke?
  184. Heart attack symptoms
  185. Heart Attack Timing
  186. Heart disease
  187. Heart disease in women: Understand symptoms and risk factors
  188. Heart failure
  189. Heart failure and sex: Is it safe?
  190. Heart-healthy diet: 8 steps to prevent heart disease
  191. Slide show: Heart-healthy eating after acute coronary syndrome
  192. Heart murmurs
  193. Heart palpitations
  194. Heavy periods: Can folic acid help?
  195. Kids, loneliness and COVID-19
  196. Herbal treatment for anxiety: Is it effective?
  197. Hidden Heart Attack
  198. HIV/AIDS
  199. Holiday Heart
  200. How do COVID-19 antibody tests differ from diagnostic tests?
  201. How does COVID-19 affect people with diabetes?
  202. Infographic: How heart-healthy people can suffer a heart attack
  203. How to get used to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy
  204. How to safely go to your doctor during the COVID-19 pandemic
  205. How to talk to your kids about COVID-19
  206. Hurthle cell cancer
  207. Hyperglycemia in diabetes
  208. Hyperinflated lungs: What does it mean?
  209. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  210. Infographic: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  211. Mayo Clinic Minute: Identifying and treating atrial fibrillation
  212. Improve obstructive sleep apnea with physical activity
  213. Interstitial lung disease
  214. Iron deficiency anemia
  215. LABAs for asthma
  216. Left ventricular hypertrophy
  217. Legionnaires' disease
  218. Living better with obstructive sleep apnea
  219. Infographic: Living with Atrial Fibrillation
  220. Living with Lupus
  221. Low-phosphorus diet: Helpful for kidney disease?
  222. Lung cancer
  223. Infographic: Lung Cancer
  224. Lung nodules: Can they be cancerous?
  225. Infographic: Lung Transplant for Cystic Fibrosis
  226. Lupus
  227. Lupus: Can it cause hair loss?
  228. Lupus: Can it cause hives?
  229. Lupus affects kidneys
  230. Making sense of obstructive sleep apnea treatments
  231. Mayo Clinic Minute: You're washing your hands all wrong
  232. Mayo Clinic Minute: How dirty are common surfaces?
  233. Median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS)
  234. Menorrhagia (heavy menstrual bleeding)
  235. Menus for heart-healthy eating
  236. Mesothelioma
  237. Mitral valve prolapse
  238. Mitral valve regurgitation
  239. Mitral valve stenosis
  240. MRI: Is gadolinium safe for people with kidney problems?
  241. Myelodysplastic syndromes
  242. Myelofibrosis
  243. Myelofibrosis
  244. Myocardial ischemia
  245. Myocarditis
  246. Nasal Cleaning
  247. Nasal spray addiction: Is it real?
  248. Neurosurgery during the COVID-19 pandemic
  249. Nocturnal panic attacks: What causes them?
  250. NSAIDs: Do they increase my risk of heart attack and stroke?
  251. Nuts and your heart: Eating nuts for heart health
  252. Obstructive sleep apnea
  253. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  254. Obstructive sleep apnea: How quickly will I see results from treatment?
  255. Omega-3 in fish
  256. Omega-6 fatty acids
  257. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  258. Ozone air purifiers
  259. Panic attacks and panic disorder
  260. Parenting and special needs during a pandemic
  261. Peanut allergy
  262. Pericardial effusion
  263. Pericarditis
  264. Photodynamic therapy: An effective treatment for lung cancer?
  265. Planning to travel with atrial fibrillation?
  266. Pleurisy
  267. Pneumonia
  268. Pneumonitis
  269. Pneumothorax
  270. Polycythemia vera
  271. Polyhydramnios
  272. Polymyositis
  273. Polymyositis: Can it affect my lungs?
  274. Polypill: Does it treat heart disease?
  275. Pregnancy and atrial fibrillation
  276. Pregnancy and COVID-19
  277. PrEP to prevent HIV
  278. Protein: Heart-healthy sources
  279. Pulmonary atresia
  280. Pulmonary edema
  281. Pulmonary embolism
  282. Pulmonary fibrosis
  283. Pulmonary hypertension
  284. Pulmonary valve stenosis
  285. Put fish on the menu
  286. Coronavirus infection by race
  287. Reactive airway disease: Is it asthma?
  288. Red wine, antioxidants and resveratrol
  289. Reduce your risk of stroke if you have atrial fibrillation
  290. Renal diet for vegetarians
  291. Researchers Develop New Stents for Complex Aortic Aneurysms
  292. Rheumatic fever
  293. Robotic heart surgery treats mitral regurgitation: Ed's story
  294. Robotic or minimally invasive cardiac surgery for adult-adolescent congenital heart disease
  295. Routine cancer screening during coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic
  296. Safe outdoor activities during the COVID-19 pandemic
  297. Safety tips for returning to school during COVID-19
  298. Sarcoidosis
  299. SCAD 2 Social Media as a Lifesaving Link
  300. Sex and COVID-19
  301. Should I make changes to my diet if I've been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation?
  302. Should people with atrial fibrillation participate in physical activity?
  303. Sick sinus syndrome
  304. Silent heart attack
  305. Skin care tips during a pandemic
  306. Sleep apnea
  307. Sleep apnea and caffeine: Any connection?
  308. CPAP masks
  309. Small vessel disease
  310. Somatic symptom disorder
  311. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  312. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  313. Stay healthy during the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic
  314. Stay on track with medications during a pandemic
  315. Heart disease prevention
  316. Sudden cardiac arrest
  317. Sudden death in young people: Heart problems often blamed
  318. Sulfa allergy
  319. Super Survivor Conquers Cancer
  320. Tachycardia
  321. Takayasu's arteritis
  322. Telemedicine online doctor visits
  323. Teleworking during the coronavirus
  324. Test anxiety: Can it be treated?
  325. Tetralogy of Fallot
  326. Tetralogy of Fallot
  327. Thalassemia
  328. Thoracic aortic aneurysm
  329. Thyroid nodules
  330. Transposition of the great arteries
  331. Video: Travel safely for medical care during the COVID-19 pandemic
  332. Treating COVID-19 at home
  333. Tricuspid atresia
  334. Tricuspid valve regurgitation
  335. Trouble breathing
  336. Tuberous sclerosis
  337. Unusual symptoms of coronavirus
  338. Ventricular fibrillation
  339. Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
  340. Asthma attack video
  341. Video: Heart and circulatory system
  342. CPAP: How it works
  343. Dry powder disk inhaler
  344. Dry powder tube inhaler
  345. Video: How to use a peak flow meter
  346. Single-dose dry powder inhaler
  347. Mitral valve regurgitation
  348. Using a metered dose asthma inhaler and spacer
  349. Obstructive sleep apnea: What happens?
  350. Vitamin deficiency anemia
  351. Vocal cord dysfunction
  352. Von Willebrand disease
  353. Walking pneumonia
  354. Fight coronavirus (COVID-19) transmission at home
  355. Heart failure action plan
  356. What is aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD)?
  357. Contact tracing and COVID-19: What is it and how does it work?
  358. What is meant by the term "heart age"?
  359. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome
  360. Infographic: Women and Heart Disease
  361. Effectively managing chronic kidney disease