التعريف

By Mayo Clinic Staff

قليلة هي الأحاسيس التي تثير الفزع في النفس كما يثيره إحساس العجز عن التنفس. ضيق النفس -التي تُعرَف أيضًا بضيق التنفس- هي حالة يحدث فيها ضيق حاد في الصدر، أو احتياج شديد للهواء، أو صعوبة في التنفس، أو انقطاع النفس أو الشعور بالاختناق.

يمكن أن تسبِّب الأنشطة البدنية الشاقة ودرجات الحرارة شديدة الارتفاع أو الانخفاض والسُمنة المفرطة والمرتفعات العالية ضيق النفس لشخص سليم. بالإضافة إلى هذه الأمثلة، من المحتمل أن يكون ضيق النفس علامة على وجود مشكلة طبية.

إذا كان لديك ضيق غير مبرَّر في النفس، خاصةً إذا كان يحدث فجأةً على هيئة نوبات شديدة، فاذهب إلى الطبيب على الفور.

07/09/2019

اطلع كذلك على

  1. 6 surprising signs you may have obstructive sleep apnea
  2. Acute coronary syndrome
  3. Acute kidney failure
  4. Acute lymphocytic leukemia
  5. Acute myelogenous leukemia
  6. Albuterol side effects
  7. Allergies
  8. Allergies and asthma
  9. Allergy medications: Know your options
  10. Allergy-proof your home
  11. Alpha-gal syndrome
  12. Amniotic fluid embolism
  13. Amyloidosis
  14. Anemia
  15. Angina
  16. Angina treatment: Stents, drugs, lifestyle changes — What's best?
  17. Aortic aneurysm
  18. Aortic calcification: An early sign of heart valve problems?
  19. Aortic dissection
  20. Aortic valve regurgitation
  21. Aortic valve stenosis
  22. Aplastic anemia
  23. ARDS
  24. Asbestosis
  25. Ascariasis
  26. Aspergillosis
  27. Aspirin allergy
  28. Asthma
  29. Asthma and acid reflux
  30. Asthma attack
  31. Asthma diet
  32. Adult asthma action plan
  33. Asthma inhalers: Which one's right for you?
  34. Asthma: Colds and flu
  35. Asthma medications
  36. Asthma: Testing and diagnosis
  37. Asthma treatment: 3 steps
  38. CAM asthma treatments
  39. Asthma and menstruation
  40. Asthma-friendly products
  41. Atrial fibrillation
  42. Atrial fibrillation and managing stress
  43. Atrial septal defect (ASD)
  44. Automated external defibrillators: Do you need an AED?
  45. Avoid rebound nasal congestion
  46. Barrel chest: What causes it?
  47. Blood clots during menstruation: A concern?
  48. Blood tests for heart disease
  49. Mitral valve clip to treat mitral regurgitation: Bob's story
  50. Bradycardia
  51. Mitral valve overview
  52. 4 Ways to Prevent Heart Attack
  53. Adult congenital heart disease: What patients and families should know
  54. Adult defects
  55. Video: Aortic Surgery: What Patients Need to Know
  56. Ebstein Anomaly
  57. Ebstein Anomaly Part Two: Patient Frequently Asked Questions
  58. Fact or Fiction? Debunking Exercise & Nutrition Myths for Preventing Heart Disease and Risk Factors
  59. Giant Cell Myocarditis
  60. Healthy Heart Numbers
  61. Heart disease in women
  62. Heart Failure
  63. How kidneys work
  64. Jack Long — Live Long, Beat Strong to Find a Cure
  65. Video: Leaky Valve Animation
  66. Leaky Valve Cone Procedure
  67. Living with Atrial Fibrillation- Patient Experiences and Treatment
  68. Mayo Clinic - Holiday Heart Attack and Stroke Risk
  69. Mayo Clinic offers congenital heart care: Marcus' story
  70. Pulmonary hypertension overview
  71. Pulmonary Hypertension Treatment and Research
  72. Saved from Transplant
  73. SCAD: A Disease-Specific, Social Networking Community-Initiated Study
  74. Screenings of newborns and athletes for genetic heart disease
  75. Video: Septal myectomy and apical myectomy
  76. Sports Cardiology Program
  77. Supraventricular Tachycardia
  78. Treating Pericarditis
  79. Valve problems in children with heart disease: What patients and families should know
  80. Video: Valve-Sparing Aortic Root Replacement
  81. Broken heart: Can grief damage your heart?
  82. Broken heart syndrome
  83. Calcium supplements: A risk factor for heart attack?
  84. Can COVID-19 (coronavirus) spread through food, water, surfaces and pets?
  85. Can vitamins help prevent a heart attack?
  86. Carcinoid tumors
  87. Cardiac asthma: What causes it?
  88. Infographic: Cardiac sarcoidosis: A heart under attack
  89. Cardiogenic shock
  90. Cardiomyopathy
  91. Kinser's story
  92. Caregiving for someone with atrial fibrillation
  93. Sleep apnea, central
  94. Chelation therapy for heart disease: Does it work?
  95. Chest pain
  96. Chronic cough
  97. Chronic kidney disease
  98. COPD
  99. Chronic sinusitis
  100. Churg-Strauss syndrome
  101. Coarctation of the aorta
  102. Congenital heart defects in children
  103. Infographic: Congenital Heart Disease and Lifelong Care
  104. Congenital heart disease in adults
  105. Control your portions, control your weight
  106. Anxiety and diet
  107. Coronary artery disease
  108. Coronary artery disease: Angioplasty or bypass surgery?
  109. Coronary artery spasm: Cause for concern?
  110. Coronavirus safety tips for going out
  111. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  112. Coronavirus: What is it and how can I protect myself?
  113. Coronavirus grief
  114. Coronavirus travel advice
  115. Herd immunity and coronavirus
  116. COVID-19 and high blood pressure
  117. COVID-19 and pets
  118. COVID-19 and your mental health
  119. COVID-19 (coronavirus) in babies and children
  120. COVID-19 (coronavirus) stigma: What it is and how to reduce it
  121. COVID-19 (coronavirus) vaccine
  122. COVID-19: How much protection do face masks offer?
  123. Coping with unemployment caused by COVID-19
  124. COVID-19 (coronavirus): Quarantine, self-isolation and social distancing
  125. COVID-19: Who's at higher risk of serious symptoms?
  126. CPAP machines: Tips for avoiding 10 common problems
  127. Craving and chewing ice: A sign of anemia?
  128. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia
  129. Cystic fibrosis
  130. Daily aspirin therapy
  131. Debunking coronavirus myths
  132. Diabetic coma
  133. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  134. DiGeorge syndrome (22q11.2 deletion syndrome)
  135. Dilated cardiomyopathy
  136. Does atrial fibrillation run in families?
  137. Does honey really help with allergies?
  138. Does obstructive sleep apnea increase my risk for Alzheimer's disease?
  139. Does older age increase the risk of atrial fibrillation?
  140. Drug allergy
  141. Drug-eluting stents
  142. Drummer Beats Heart Disease
  143. Dust mite allergy
  144. Early HIV symptoms: What are they?
  145. Ebstein anomaly
  146. ED Drugs for Pulmonary Hypertension
  147. Egg allergy
  148. Eisenmenger syndrome
  149. Heart transplant to treat dilated cardiomyopathy: Elmo's story
  150. Emphysema
  151. Endocarditis
  152. Enlarged heart
  153. External Drive: Charles' Artificial Heart
  154. Factor V Leiden
  155. Fasting diet: Can it improve my heart health?
  156. Flu Shot Prevents Heart Attack
  157. Flu shots and heart disease
  158. Four Steps to Heart Health
  159. Gangrene
  160. Generalized anxiety disorder
  161. Genetics and Cardiomyopathy
  162. Getting active after acute coronary syndrome
  163. Getting safe emergency care during the COVID-19 pandemic
  164. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
  165. Grass-fed beef
  166. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
  167. Healthy eating: One step at a time
  168. Healthy Heart for Life!
  169. Healthy heart for life: Avoiding heart disease
  170. Heart arrhythmias
  171. Heart attack
  172. Heart attack prevention: Should I avoid secondhand smoke?
  173. Heart attack symptoms
  174. Heart Attack Timing
  175. Heart disease
  176. Heart disease in women: Understand symptoms and risk factors
  177. Heart failure
  178. Heart failure and sex: Is it safe?
  179. Heart-healthy diet: 8 steps to prevent heart disease
  180. Slide show: Heart-healthy eating after acute coronary syndrome
  181. Heart murmurs
  182. Heart palpitations
  183. Heavy periods: Can folic acid help?
  184. Herbal treatment for anxiety: Is it effective?
  185. Hidden Heart Attack
  186. HIV/AIDS
  187. Holiday Heart
  188. How do COVID-19 antibody tests differ from diagnostic tests?
  189. Infographic: How heart-healthy people can suffer a heart attack
  190. How to safely go to your doctor during the COVID-19 pandemic
  191. How to talk to your kids about COVID-19
  192. Hurthle cell cancer
  193. Hyperglycemia in diabetes
  194. Hyperinflated lungs: What does it mean?
  195. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  196. Infographic: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  197. Mayo Clinic Minute: Identifying and treating atrial fibrillation
  198. Interstitial lung disease
  199. Iron deficiency anemia
  200. LABAs for asthma
  201. Left ventricular hypertrophy
  202. Legionnaires' disease
  203. Infographic: Living with Atrial Fibrillation
  204. Living with Lupus
  205. Low-phosphorus diet: Helpful for kidney disease?
  206. Lung cancer
  207. Infographic: Lung Cancer
  208. Lung nodules: Can they be cancerous?
  209. Infographic: Lung Transplant for Cystic Fibrosis
  210. Lupus
  211. Lupus: Can it cause hair loss?
  212. Lupus: Can it cause hives?
  213. Lupus affects kidneys
  214. Mayo Clinic Minute: You're washing your hands all wrong
  215. Mayo Clinic Minute: How dirty are common surfaces?
  216. Menorrhagia
  217. Menus for heart-healthy eating
  218. Mesothelioma
  219. Mitral valve prolapse
  220. Mitral valve regurgitation
  221. Mitral valve stenosis
  222. MRI: Is gadolinium safe for people with kidney problems?
  223. Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C)
  224. Myelodysplastic syndromes
  225. Myelofibrosis
  226. Myelofibrosis
  227. Myocardial ischemia
  228. Myocarditis
  229. Nasal Cleaning
  230. Nasal spray addiction: Is it real?
  231. Nocturnal panic attacks: What causes them?
  232. NSAIDs: Do they increase my risk of heart attack and stroke?
  233. Nuts and your heart: Eating nuts for heart health
  234. Sleep apnea, obstructive
  235. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  236. Obstructive sleep apnea: How quickly will I see results from treatment?
  237. COVID-19 (coronavirus) drugs: Are there any that work?
  238. Omega-3 in fish
  239. Omega-6 fatty acids
  240. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  241. Ozone air purifiers
  242. Panic attacks and panic disorder
  243. Parenting and special needs during a pandemic
  244. Peanut allergy
  245. Pericardial effusion
  246. Pericarditis
  247. Photodynamic therapy: An effective treatment for lung cancer?
  248. Planning to travel with atrial fibrillation?
  249. Pleurisy
  250. Pneumonia
  251. Pneumonitis
  252. Pneumothorax
  253. Polycythemia vera
  254. Polyhydramnios
  255. Polymyositis
  256. Polymyositis: Can it affect my lungs?
  257. Polypill: Does it treat heart disease?
  258. Pregnancy and atrial fibrillation
  259. PrEP to prevent HIV
  260. Protein: Heart-healthy sources
  261. Pulmonary atresia
  262. Pulmonary edema
  263. Pulmonary embolism
  264. Pulmonary fibrosis
  265. Pulmonary hypertension
  266. Pulmonary valve stenosis
  267. Put fish on the menu
  268. Coronavirus infection by race
  269. Reactive airway disease: Is it asthma?
  270. Red wine, antioxidants and resveratrol
  271. Reduce your risk of stroke if you have atrial fibrillation
  272. Renal diet for vegetarians
  273. Researchers Develop New Stents for Complex Aortic Aneurysms
  274. Rheumatic fever
  275. Robotic heart surgery treats mitral regurgitation: Ed's story
  276. Robotic or minimally invasive cardiac surgery for adult-adolescent congenital heart disease
  277. Safe outdoor activities during the COVID-19 pandemic
  278. Sarcoidosis
  279. SCAD 2 Social Media as a Lifesaving Link
  280. Sex and COVID-19
  281. Should I make changes to my diet if I've been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation?
  282. Should people with atrial fibrillation participate in physical activity?
  283. Sick sinus syndrome
  284. Silent heart attack
  285. Skin care tips during a pandemic
  286. Sleep apnea
  287. Sleep apnea and caffeine: Any connection?
  288. CPAP masks
  289. Small vessel disease
  290. Sodium: Smarten up
  291. Somatic symptom disorder
  292. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  293. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  294. Stay healthy during the COVID-19 (coronavirus) pandemic
  295. Stay on track with medications during a pandemic
  296. Heart disease prevention
  297. Sudden cardiac arrest
  298. Sudden death in young people: Heart problems often blamed
  299. Sulfa allergy
  300. Super Survivor Conquers Cancer
  301. Tachycardia
  302. Takayasu's arteritis
  303. Telemedicine online doctor visits
  304. Teleworking during the coronavirus
  305. Test anxiety: Can it be treated?
  306. Tetralogy of Fallot
  307. Tetralogy of Fallot
  308. Thalassemia
  309. Infographic: The blueprints to your heart
  310. Thoracic aortic aneurysm
  311. Thyroid nodules
  312. Transposition of the great arteries
  313. Video: Travel safely for medical care during the COVID-19 pandemic
  314. Treating COVID-19 at home
  315. Tricuspid atresia
  316. Tricuspid valve regurgitation
  317. Trouble breathing
  318. Tuberous sclerosis
  319. Unusual symptoms of coronavirus
  320. Ventricular fibrillation
  321. Ventricular septal defect
  322. Asthma attack video
  323. Video: Heart and circulatory system
  324. CPAP: How it works
  325. Dry powder disk inhaler
  326. Dry powder tube inhaler
  327. Video: How to use a peak flow meter
  328. Single-dose dry powder inhaler
  329. Mitral valve regurgitation
  330. Using a metered dose asthma inhaler and spacer
  331. Obstructive sleep apnea: What happens?
  332. Vitamin deficiency anemia
  333. Vocal cord dysfunction
  334. Von Willebrand disease
  335. Walking pneumonia
  336. Fight coronavirus transmission at home
  337. Heart failure action plan
  338. What is aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD)?
  339. Contact tracing and COVID-19: What is it and how does it work?
  340. What is meant by the term "heart age"?
  341. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome
  342. Infographic: Women and Heart Disease
  343. Effectively managing chronic kidney disease