التعريف

By Mayo Clinic Staff

السُّعال هو استجابة جسدك لشيء يسبِّب تهيُّج حَلْقك أو ممراتك الهوائية. يستثير مسبِّب التهيُّج النهايات العصبية التي بدورها ترسل رسائل للدماغ. يحثُّ الدماغ عندها عضلات الصدر والبطن لدفع الهواء من رئتيك ودفع الجسم المسبب للتهيُّج للخارج.

السُّعال من وقتٍ إلى آخر أمر طبيعي وصحي. لكن السُّعال الذي يستمر لعدة أسابيع، أو الذي يصاحبه مخاط عديم اللون أو دامٍ، قد يشير إلى وجود مشكلة صحية تحتاج إلى رعاية طبية.

في بعض الأحيان، يكون السُّعال قويًّا جدًّا. ويمكن للسُّعال المستمر العنيف أن يسبِّب تهيُّج الرئتين؛ ومن ثم يسبِّب المزيد من السعال. كما أنه يكون مجهِدًا بشدة ويسبِّب الأرق والدوار أو الإعياء والصداع وسلس البول والقيء، وحتى انكسار بعض الأضلاع.

07/09/2019

اطلع كذلك على

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  6. Allergies
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  8. Allergy-proof your home
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  12. Ascariasis
  13. Asthma attack
  14. Asthma: Colds and flu
  15. Atelectasis
  16. Atypical cells: Are they cancer?
  17. Avoid rebound nasal congestion
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  24. Blood tests for heart disease
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  27. Video: Aortic Surgery: What Patients Need to Know
  28. Fact or Fiction? Debunking Exercise & Nutrition Myths for Preventing Heart Disease and Risk Factors
  29. Healthy Heart Numbers
  30. Heart disease in women
  31. Heart Failure
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  34. Video: Valve-Sparing Aortic Root Replacement
  35. Bronchitis
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  37. Can COVID-19 (coronavirus) spread through food, water, surfaces and pets?
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  39. Cancer
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  42. Infographic: Cancer Clinical Trials Offer Many Benefits
  43. Cancer diagnosis: 11 tips for coping
  44. Cancer diagnosis? Advice for dealing with what comes next
  45. Cancer-related fatigue
  46. Cancer pain: Relief is possible
  47. Cancer risk: What the numbers mean
  48. Cancer surgery
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  50. Cancer survivors: Care for your body after treatment
  51. Cancer survivors: Late effects of cancer treatment
  52. Cancer survivors: Managing your emotions after cancer treatment
  53. Cancer survivors: Reconnecting with loved ones after treatment
  54. Cancer treatment decisions: 5 steps to help you decide
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  58. Cancer Vaccine Research
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  64. Chicken soup: Can it treat a cold?
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  67. Churg-Strauss syndrome
  68. Cold and flu viruses: How long can they live outside the body?
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  76. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
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