التعريف

By Mayo Clinic Staff

السُّعال هو استجابة جسدك لشيء يسبِّب تهيُّج حَلْقك أو ممراتك الهوائية. يستثير مسبِّب التهيُّج النهايات العصبية التي بدورها ترسل رسائل للدماغ. يحثُّ الدماغ عندها عضلات الصدر والبطن لدفع الهواء من رئتيك ودفع الجسم المسبب للتهيُّج للخارج.

السُّعال من وقتٍ إلى آخر أمر طبيعي وصحي. لكن السُّعال الذي يستمر لعدة أسابيع، أو الذي يصاحبه مخاط عديم اللون أو دامٍ، قد يشير إلى وجود مشكلة صحية تحتاج إلى رعاية طبية.

في بعض الأحيان، يكون السُّعال قويًّا جدًّا. ويمكن للسُّعال المستمر العنيف أن يسبِّب تهيُّج الرئتين؛ ومن ثم يسبِّب المزيد من السعال. كما أنه يكون مجهِدًا بشدة ويسبِّب الأرق والدوار أو الإعياء والصداع وسلس البول والقيء، وحتى انكسار بعض الأضلاع.

07/09/2019

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  4. Adjuvant therapy for cancer
  5. Albuterol side effects
  6. Allergies
  7. Allergy medications: Know your options
  8. Allergy-proof your home
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  10. Aortic aneurysm
  11. Asbestosis
  12. Ascariasis
  13. Asthma attack
  14. Asthma: Colds and flu
  15. Atelectasis
  16. Atypical cells: Are they cancer?
  17. Avoid rebound nasal congestion
  18. Barrel chest: What causes it?
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  20. Barrett's Study Results
  21. Bile reflux
  22. Biopsy procedures
  23. Bird flu (avian influenza)
  24. Blood tests for heart disease
  25. Mitral valve clip to treat mitral regurgitation: Bob's story
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  27. Video: Aortic Surgery: What Patients Need to Know
  28. Fact or Fiction? Debunking Exercise & Nutrition Myths for Preventing Heart Disease and Risk Factors
  29. Healthy Heart Numbers
  30. Heart disease in women
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  34. Video: Valve-Sparing Aortic Root Replacement
  35. Bronchitis
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  38. Can you use honey for allergies?
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  42. Infographic: Cancer Clinical Trials Offer Many Benefits
  43. Cancer diagnosis: 11 tips for coping
  44. Cancer diagnosis? Advice for dealing with what comes next
  45. Cancer-related fatigue
  46. Cancer pain: Relief is possible
  47. Cancer risk: What the numbers mean
  48. Cancer surgery
  49. Cancer survival rate
  50. Cancer survivors: Care for your body after treatment
  51. Cancer survivors: Late effects of cancer treatment
  52. Cancer survivors: Managing your emotions after cancer treatment
  53. Cancer survivors: Reconnecting with loved ones after treatment
  54. Cancer treatment decisions: 5 steps to help you decide
  55. Cancer treatment for men: Possible sexual side effects
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  58. Cancer Vaccine Research
  59. Cardiac asthma: What causes it?
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  61. Castleman disease
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  63. Chemotherapy side effects: A cause of heart disease?
  64. Chicken soup: Can it treat a cold?
  65. COPD
  66. Chronic sinusitis
  67. Churg-Strauss syndrome
  68. Cold and flu viruses: How long can they live outside the body?
  69. Cold or allergy: Which is it?
  70. Cold remedies
  71. Cold symptoms: Does drinking milk increase phlegm?
  72. Common cold
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  76. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia
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  88. Ebola virus and Marburg virus
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  110. Grass-fed beef
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  116. Healthy eating: One step at a time
  117. Healthy Heart for Life!
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  119. Heart disease
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