ماذا تعني الإصابة بانهيار عصبي؟

إجابة من دانييال كي هال فلافين، (دكتور في الطب)

يستخدم الأشخاص مصطلح "الانهيار العصبي" في بعض الأحيان لوصف وضع مثير للضغط العصبي حيث يتعذر عليهم مؤقتًا أداء مهامهم بشكل طبيعي في الحياة اليومية. ومن المفهوم عادةً أنه يحدث عندما تصبح مطالب الحياة ساحقة جسديًا وعاطفيًا. وقد استخدم هذا المصطلح بشكل متكرر في الماضي ليشمل مجموعة متنوعة من الاضطرابات العقلية، لكنه لم يعد مستخدمًا من قِبل أخصائيي الصحة العقلية اليوم.

الانهيار العصبي ليس مصطلحًا طبيًا، ولا يشير إلى مرض عقلي محدد. لكن هذا لا يعني أنه استجابة طبيعية أو صحية للضغط العصبي. قد يشير ما يطلق عليه بعض الأشخاص الانهيار العصبي إلى وجود مشكلة صحية عقلية كامنة تحتاج إلى عناية، مثل الاكتئاب أو القلق.

وتتباين علامات ما يسمى بالانهيار العصبي من شخص لآخر وتعتمد على السبب الكامن. ويختلف ما يشكل الانهيار العصبي تمامًا أيضًا من ثقافة إلى أخرى. وعمومًا، من المفهوم أنه يعني أن الشخص لم يعد قادرًا على أداء مهامه بشكل طبيعي. على سبيل المثال، قد يقوم (هو أو هي) بـ:

  • الاتصال للإبلاغ عن إجازة مرضية من العمل لأيام أو فترة أطول
  • تجنب المناسبات الاجتماعية وتفويت المواعيد
  • المعاناة من مشكلة في اتباع أنماط صحية للأكل والنوم والنظافة

يمكن اعتبار عدد من السلوكيات غير العادية أو المختلة الأخرى علامات وأعراضًا للإصابة بالانهيار العصبي.

إذا كنت تشعر بأنك تعاني انهيارًا عصبيًا، فاحصل على المساعدة. إذا كان لديك موفر رعاية أولية، فتحدث معه عن علاماتك وأعراضك أو اطلب المساعدة من أخصائي الصحة العقلية.

31/07/2020 See more Expert Answers

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