لدَيّ فضول بشأن الماريجوانا والاكتئاب. هل يمكن أن تسبب الماريجوانا الاكتئاب؟

إجابة من دانييال كي هال فلافين، (دكتور في الطب)

تشير بعض الأبحاث إلى أن مدخني الماريجوانا يتم تشخيصهم بالاكتئاب أكثر من غير المدخنين — بصفة خاصة من مدمني الماريجوانا المنتظمين أو الشرهين. ومع ذلك، لا يبدو أن الماريجوانا تسبب الاكتئاب بطريقة مباشرة.

من المرجح أن العوامل الوراثية والبيئية وغيرها من العوامل التي تسبب الاكتئاب تؤدي أيضًا إلى إدمان الماريجوانا. قد يستخدم بعض الأشخاص المصابين بالاكتئاب الماريجوانا كوسيلة للانفصال عن أعراض الاكتئاب لديهم. قد يظهر الاكتئاب عند المدمنين الشرهين نتيجة لآثار البلادة للدواء على المشاعر والعواطف.

هناك أيضًا روابط بين الماريجوانا وحالات الصحة العقلية الأخرى. قد يؤدي إدمان الماريجوانا إلى انفصام في الشخصية أو الانفصال عن الواقع (الذهان) لدى الأشخاص الأكثر عرضة للإصابة بالذهان. قد تتفاقم أعراض تشخيص المرض الذهاني إذا استمر إدمان الماريجوانا.

هناك أيضا بعض الأدلة على أن المراهقين الذين يحاولون الانتحار قد يكونون أكثر عرضة لإدمان الماريجوانا من أولئك الذين لم يحاولوا. كما هو الحال مع إدمان الماريجوانا والاكتئاب، هناك حاجة لمزيد من الأبحاث لفهم هذه الصلات بشكل أفضل.

خلاصة القول: إدمان الماريجوانا والاكتئاب يرافقان بعضهما البعض بصورة تجعلك تتأكد أنها ليست صدفة، ولكن لا يوجد دليل واضح على أن الماريجوانا تسبب الاكتئاب بشكل مباشر.

04/12/2018 See more Expert Answers

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