هل يمكن فعلاً أن يُسبِّب الحرمان من النوم ارتفاع ضغط الدم؟

إجابة من فرانسيسكو لوبيز-جيمينيز، (دكتور في الطب)

فهذا احتمال وارد. ينصح الخبراء بحصول البالغين على سبع إلى ثمانِ ساعات من النوم كل ليلة. فمن المعروف أن النوم لأقل من ست ساعات يضر بالصحة العامة. ومن ناحية أخرى، يزيد التوتر واضطراب النوم المصاحب للسفر والعمل بنظام المناوبة وغير ذلك من اضطرابات النوم من احتمالية الإصابة بأمراض القلب، أو يزيد من مخاطر الإصابة بأمراض القلب مثل السِمنة وداء السكري. وقد يؤدي تكرار قلة النوم إلى ارتفاع ضغط الدم لدى الأطفال والبالغين.

وكلما قلت فترات النوم، ارتفع ضغط الدم. فالأشخاص الذين ينامون ست ساعات أو أقل يكونون أكثر عُرضة لارتفاع ضغط الدم. أما إذا كنت مصابًا بارتفاع ضغط الدم، فقد يؤدي عدم النوم بالقدر الكافي إلى تفاقم حالتك.

ويُعتقد أن النوم يساعد الجسم في التحكم بالهرمونات اللازمة للحد من التوتر وتنظيم عملية التمثيل الغذائي (الأيض). وبمرور الوقت، يمكن أن تؤدي قلة النوم إلى عدم استقرار الهرمونات؛ ومن ثم ظهور عوامل الخطر الأخرى المتسببة في ارتفاع ضغط الدم.

ومع ذلك لا ينبغي محاولة تعويض قلة النوم بالإفراط في النوم. فالإفراط في النوم يمكن أن يؤدي إلى ارتفاع نسبة السكر في الدم وزيادة الوزن؛ مما يؤثر سلبًا على صحة القلب، وإن كان بدرجة أقل من قلة النوم. لذلك ينبغي استشارة الطبيب بشأن تحسين النوم، وخاصةً في حال الإصابة بارتفاع ضغط الدم.

من الأسباب المحتملة لقلة النوم، والتي يمكن علاجها، والتي تساهم في ارتفاع ضغط الدم، انقطاع النفس الانسدادي النومي، وهو اضطراب نومي يتكرر فيه توقف التنفس وبدؤه أثناء النوم. ويجب الرجوع إلى الطبيب في حال الشعور بالتعب حتى عقب النوم طوال الليل، وخاصةً إذا صاحب ذلك شخيرًا. فقد يكون ذلك بسبب انقطاع النفس الانسدادي النومي. ويزداد بذلك خطر ارتفاع ضغط الدم ومشاكل القلب الأخرى.

With

فرانسيسكو لوبيز-جيمينيز، (دكتور في الطب)

29/07/2021 See more Expert Answers

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