هل ضغط الدم له نمط يومي؟ لقد لاحظت أن ضغط دمي في النهار أقل دائمًا من الليل على الدوام.

إجابة من شيلدون جي شيبس، (دكتور في الطب)

ضغط الدم له نمط يومي. ضغط الدم يكون أقل بشكل طبيعي ليلاً أثناء النوم. يبدأ ضغط الدم في الارتفاع قبل ساعات قليلة من الاستيقاظ من النوم. يستمر ضغط الدم في الارتفاع أثناء النهار وعادةً يصل الارتفاع لذروته في منتصف النهار بعد الظهر. ثم يبدأ ضغط الدم في الانخفاض مرة أخرى آخر النهار بعد الظهر وفي المساء.

إذا كان لديك نمط شاذ من أنماط ضغط الدم مثل ارتفاع ضغط الدم أثناء الليل أو في الصباح الباكر، فيعني ذلك أنك تعاني من مشكلة صحية. وتتضمن هذه الحالات المصاحبة ما يلي:

  • عدم القدرة على السيطرة على ارتفاع ضغط الدم بشكل جيد
  • انقطاع النفس الانسدادي أثناء النوم
  • مرض الكلى
  • داء السكري
  • مشاكل الغدة الدرقية
  • مشكلات الجهاز العصبي
  • أمراض القلب والأوعية الدموية

تتضمن عوامل الخطر للإصابة بنمط شاذ من أنماط ضغط الدم ما يلي:

  • العمل في نوبة ليلية
  • استخدام التبغ
  • القلق
  • الضغط النفسي الشديد
  • تناول أدوية ضغط الدم التي لا تستمر مدة 24 ساعة

يمكن للطبيب إخبارك بمدى الحاجة إلى علاج نمط ضغط الدم الشاذ اليومي من عدمه. وقد يوصيك بإجراء اختبار مراقبة ضغط الدم على مدار 24 ساعة. الجهاز المستخدم لإجراء هذا الاختبار يقيس ضغط الدم في فترات زمنية منتظمة على مدار 24 ساعة ويعطي صورة دقيقة للغاية عن تغيرات ضغط الدم طول فترة النهار والليل.

09/01/2019 See more Expert Answers

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