Riesgos

Riesgos

Side effects of chemotherapy drugs can be significant. Each drug has different side effects, and not every drug causes every side effect. Ask your doctor about the side effects of the particular drugs you'll receive.

Riesgos

Common side effects of chemotherapy drugs include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Hair loss
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Mouth sores
  • Pain
  • Constipation
  • Easy bruising

Many of these side effects can be prevented or treated. Most side effects subside after treatment ends.

Riesgos

Chemotherapy drugs can also cause side effects that don't become evident until months or years after treatment. Late side effects vary depending on the chemotherapy drug but can include:

  • Damage to lung tissue
  • Heart problems
  • Infertility
  • Kidney problems
  • Nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy)
  • Risk of a second cancer

Ask your doctor if you have a risk of any late side effects. Ask what signs and symptoms you should be alert for that may signal a problem.

April 27, 2017
References
  1. Chemotherapy and you: Support for people with cancer (La radioterapia y tú: apoyo para las personas con cáncer). Instituto Nacional del Cáncer (National Cancer Institute). https://www.cancer.gov/publications/patient-education/chemo-and-you. Último acceso: 2 de febrero de 2017.
  2. Niederhuber JE, et al., eds. Cancer pharmacology (Farmacología del cáncer). En: Abeloff’s Clinical Oncology (Oncología clínica de Abeloff). 5.ª ed. Filadelfia, Pa.: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Último acceso: 2 de febrero de 2017.
  3. What to expect when having chemotherapy (Qué debes esperar cuando recibes quimioterapia). Cancer.Net. http://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/how-cancer-treated/chemotherapy/what-expect-when-having-chemotherapy. Último acceso: 2 de febrero de 2017.
  4. Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan) (Ciclofosfamida [Cytoxan]). American College of Rheumatology (Colegio Estadounidense de Reumatología). http://www.rheumatology.org/I-Am-A/Patient-Caregiver/Treatments/Cyclophosphamide-Cytoxan. Último acceso: 2 de febrero de 2017.
  5. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. 6 de octubre de 2016.