When to see a doctor

By Mayo Clinic Staff

Call 911 or emergency medical assistance

Seek prompt medical attention if nausea and vomiting are accompanied by other warning signs, such as:

  • Chest pain
  • Severe abdominal pain or cramping
  • Blurred vision
  • Confusion
  • High fever and stiff neck
  • Fecal material or fecal odor in the vomit
  • Rectal bleeding

Seek immediate medical attention

Ask someone to drive you to urgent care or an emergency room if:

  • Nausea and vomiting are accompanied by pain or a severe headache, especially if you haven't had this type of headache before
  • You have signs or symptoms of dehydration — excessive thirst, dry mouth, infrequent urination, dark-colored urine and weakness, or dizziness or lightheadedness upon standing
  • Your vomit contains blood, resembles coffee grounds or is green

Schedule a doctor's visit

Make an appointment with your doctor if:

  • Vomiting lasts more than two days for adults, 24 hours for children under age 2 or 12 hours for infants
  • You've had bouts of nausea and vomiting for longer than one month
  • You've experienced unexplained weight loss along with nausea and vomiting

Take self-care measures while you wait for your appointment with your doctor:

  • Take it easy. Too much activity and not getting enough rest might make nausea worse.
  • Stay hydrated. Take small sips of cold, clear, carbonated or sour drinks, such as ginger ale, lemonade and water. Mint tea also may help. Oral rehydration solutions, such as Pedialyte, can aid in preventing dehydration.
  • Avoid strong odors and other triggers. Food and cooking smells, perfume, smoke, stuffy rooms, heat, humidity, flickering lights, and driving are among the possible triggers of nausea and vomiting.
  • Eat bland foods. Start with easily digested foods such as gelatin, crackers and toast. When you can keep these down, try cereal, rice, fruit, and salty or high-protein, high-carbohydrate foods. Avoid fatty or spicy foods. Wait to eat solid foods until about six hours after the last time you vomited.
  • Use over-the-counter (OTC) motion sickness medicines. If you're planning a trip, OTC motion sickness drugs, such as dimenhydrinate (Dramamine) or meclizine (Rugby Travel Sickness) may help calm your queasy stomach. For longer journeys, such as a cruise, ask your doctor about prescription motion sickness adhesive patches, such as scopolamine (Transderm Scop).

If your queasiness stems from pregnancy, try nibbling on some crackers before you get out of bed in the morning.

June 30, 2018

See also

  1. 7 signs of endometriosis
  2. Acute coronary syndrome
  3. Acute hepatitis C infection
  4. Acute kidney failure
  5. Acute liver failure
  6. Addiction Takes Center Stage
  7. Addison's disease
  8. Adrenal fatigue: What causes it?
  9. Airplane ear
  10. Alcohol intolerance
  11. Alcohol poisoning
  12. Alcohol use disorder
  13. Alcoholic hepatitis
  14. Allergies
  15. Allergy medications: Know your options
  16. Allergy-proof your home
  17. Alpha-gal syndrome
  18. Amniotic fluid embolism
  19. Anaphylaxis
  20. Aneurysm Surgery
  21. Angina
  22. Anthrax
  23. Antibiotic-associated diarrhea
  24. Appendicitis
  25. Ascariasis
  26. Aspirin allergy
  27. Autoimmune hepatitis
  28. Avoid rebound nasal congestion
  29. Beating Ovarian Cancer
  30. Bee sting
  31. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)
  32. Bezoars: How do they happen?
  33. Bile reflux
  34. Bird flu (avian influenza)
  35. Blastocystis hominis
  36. Blind loop syndrome
  37. Botulism
  38. Brain aneurysm
  39. Brain tumor
  40. 4 Ways to Prevent Heart Attack
  41. Heart Failure
  42. How kidneys work
  43. Mayo Clinic - Holiday Heart Attack and Stroke Risk
  44. SCAD: A Disease-Specific, Social Networking Community-Initiated Study
  45. Bump on the head: When is it a serious head injury?
  46. C. difficile infection
  47. CA 125 test: A screening test for ovarian cancer?
  48. Calcium supplements: A risk factor for heart attack?
  49. Infertility and endometriosis
  50. Can I still experience endometriosis after menopause?
  51. Can you use honey for allergies?
  52. Carbon monoxide poisoning
  53. Carcinoid tumors
  54. Cardiac asthma: What causes it?
  55. Cardiogenic shock
  56. Castleman disease
  57. Celiac disease
  58. Celiac disease: Can gluten be absorbed through the skin?
  59. Celiac disease diet: How do I get enough grains?
  60. Chagas disease
  61. Chest pain
  62. Cholecystitis
  63. Cholera
  64. Choroid plexus carcinoma
  65. Chronic daily headaches
  66. Chronic kidney disease
  67. Chronic sinusitis
  68. Churg-Strauss syndrome
  69. Cirrhosis
  70. Colon polyps
  71. Concussion
  72. Concussion in children
  73. Concussion Recovery
  74. Concussion Telemedicine
  75. Congenital adrenal hyperplasia
  76. Constipation in children
  77. Coping with endometriosis pain
  78. Coping with side effects of hepatitis C drugs
  79. Coronary artery spasm: Cause for concern?
  80. Cryptosporidium infection
  81. Cyclic vomiting syndrome
  82. Cyclospora infection
  83. Day-to-day with endometriosis: Challenge your expectations
  84. Dengue fever
  85. Diabetes insipidus
  86. Diabetic coma
  87. Diabetic Gastroparesis
  88. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  89. Diabetic neuropathy
  90. Diabetic neuropathy and dietary supplements
  91. Types of diabetic neuropathy
  92. Diverticulitis
  93. Drinking after hepatitis C cure: Is it safe?
  94. Drug allergy
  95. Dumping syndrome
  96. Dysphagia
  97. E. coli
  98. Ear infection (middle ear)
  99. Ear infection treatment: Do alternative therapies work?
  100. Early hepatitis C infection: How often does it become chronic?
  101. Ease the pain of diabetic neuropathy
  102. Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE): What is it?
  103. Ebola transmission: Can Ebola spread through the air?
  104. Ebola virus and Marburg virus
  105. Ectopic pregnancy
  106. Egg allergy
  107. Ehrlichiosis
  108. Encephalitis
  109. Endometriosis
  110. Endometriosis risk factors
  111. Endometriosis: Risk factor for ovarian cancer?
  112. Endometriosis: Treatment options
  113. Testing for endometriosis
  114. Enlarged liver
  115. Eosinophilic esophagitis
  116. Esophagitis
  117. Exercise headaches
  118. External Drive: Charles' Artificial Heart
  119. Eye vitamins: Can they prevent or treat glaucoma?
  120. Fainting during urination (micturition syncope): What causes it?
  121. Finding balance: Tips to manage life with endometriosis
  122. Flu masks
  123. Flu Shot Prevents Heart Attack
  124. Flu vaccine: Safe for people with egg allergy?
  125. Food allergies: Labels
  126. Food allergy
  127. Food allergy later in life
  128. Food allergy or intolerance?
  129. Food poisoning
  130. Gallbladder cancer
  131. Gastritis
  132. Gastroenteritis: First aid
  133. Gastroparesis
  134. Getting active after acute coronary syndrome
  135. Giardia infection (giardiasis)
  136. Glaucoma
  137. Glioma
  138. H. Pylori
  139. Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) infection
  140. Hangover prevention: Do lighter colored drinks help?
  141. Hangovers
  142. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
  143. Headaches 101: Know your type
  144. Headaches and hormones
  145. Headaches in children
  146. Headaches: Treatment depends on your diagnosis and symptoms
  147. Heart attack
  148. Heart attack prevention: Should I avoid secondhand smoke?
  149. Heart attack symptoms
  150. Heart Attack Timing
  151. Heart failure
  152. Heart failure and sex: Is it safe?
  153. Slide show: Heart-healthy eating after acute coronary syndrome
  154. Heat exhaustion
  155. Heatstroke
  156. Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)
  157. Hemophilia
  158. Henoch-Schonlein purpura
  159. Hepatitis A
  160. Hepatitis B
  161. Hepatitis C
  162. Hepatitis C: How common is sexual transmission?
  163. Hepatitis C: What happens in end-stage liver disease?
  164. Hidden Heart Attack
  165. Hirschsprung's disease
  166. Holiday Heart
  167. Infographic: How heart-healthy people can suffer a heart attack
  168. Hydrocele
  169. Hypercalcemia
  170. Hyperglycemia in diabetes
  171. Hyponatremia
  172. Indigestion
  173. Infant reflux
  174. Intestinal ischemia
  175. Intestinal obstruction
  176. Intracranial hematoma
  177. Intussusception
  178. Jellyfish stings
  179. Kawasaki disease
  180. Kidney stones
  181. Krabbe disease
  182. Lactose intolerance
  183. Preventing lead exposure
  184. Lead poisoning
  185. Legionnaires' disease
  186. Listeria infection
  187. Liver cancer
  188. Infographic: Liver Cancer
  189. Liver cysts: A cause of abdominal pain?
  190. Liver disease
  191. Liver hemangioma
  192. Liver transplant for hepatitis C
  193. Living better with endometriosis
  194. Living with Brain Tumors
  195. Long Term Brain Cancer Survivor
  196. Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  197. Low blood sodium in older adults: A concern?
  198. Low-phosphorus diet: Helpful for kidney disease?
  199. Malaria
  200. Managing diabetic neuropathy complications
  201. Managing Headaches
  202. Managing Meningitis
  203. Marathon and the Heat
  204. Mayo Clinic Minute: Avoiding summer E. coli infection
  205. Mayo Clinic Minute: What you need to know about polyps in your colon
  206. Mayo Clinic Minute Meningitis 101 for college students
  207. Mayo Clinic Minute: Prevent migraines with magnetic stimulation
  208. Mayo Clinic Minute Weathering migraines
  209. MCAD deficiency
  210. Measles Virus as a Cancer Fighter
  211. Meningitis
  212. Menstrual cramps
  213. Mesenteric lymphadenitis
  214. Migraine
  215. Migraine medications and antidepressants
  216. Migraine treatment: Can antidepressants help?
  217. Infographic: Migraine Treatments: Botox & Nerve Blocking
  218. Migraines and gastrointestinal problems: Is there a link?
  219. Migraines and Vertigo
  220. Migraines: Are they triggered by weather changes?
  221. Alleviating migraine pain
  222. Milk allergy
  223. Molar pregnancy
  224. Infographic: Molecular Classification of Gliomas
  225. Morning sickness
  226. MRI: Is gadolinium safe for people with kidney problems?
  227. Multiple myeloma
  228. Infographic: Multiple Myeloma
  229. Myocardial ischemia
  230. Naegleria infection
  231. Nasal Cleaning
  232. Nasal spray addiction: Is it real?
  233. New Hep C Treatment
  234. New Test for Preeclampsia
  235. New Way to Fix Aneurysms
  236. Nighttime headaches: Relief
  237. Nocturnal panic attacks: What causes them?
  238. Nonulcer stomach pain
  239. Norovirus infection
  240. NSAIDs: Do they increase my risk of heart attack and stroke?
  241. He's the bravest kid I've ever seen
  242. Occipital nerve stimulation: Effective migraine treatment?
  243. Ocular migraine: When to seek help
  244. Orchitis
  245. Orthostatic hypotension (postural hypotension)
  246. Ovarian cancer
  247. Ovarian cancer: Still possible after hysterectomy?
  248. Ovarian cancer vaccine: Can it prevent recurrence?
  249. Ovarian cysts
  250. Ovarian cysts and infertility: A connection?
  251. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  252. Pain Management
  253. Pancreatic cysts
  254. Pancreatitis
  255. Panic attacks and panic disorder
  256. Pap test: Can it detect ovarian cancer?
  257. Parvovirus infection
  258. Peanut allergy
  259. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  260. Peptic ulcer
  261. Peritonitis
  262. Pinworm infection
  263. Pituitary tumors
  264. Plague
  265. Polio
  266. Polymorphous light eruption
  267. Polymorphous Light Eruption
  268. Porphyria
  269. Postpartum preeclampsia
  270. Preeclampsia
  271. Preventing Kidney Stones
  272. Pseudomembranous colitis
  273. Pseudotumor cerebri
  274. Punk Guitarist Survives Brain Tumor
  275. Pyloric stenosis
  276. Q fever
  277. Radiation sickness
  278. Recurrent breast cancer
  279. Recurring strep throat: When is tonsillectomy useful?
  280. Endometriosis: Reduce pain during sex
  281. Renal diet for vegetarians
  282. Reye's syndrome
  283. Rhabdomyolysis
  284. Rocky Mountain spotted fever
  285. Rotavirus
  286. Ruptured eardrum (perforated eardrum)
  287. Salmonella infection
  288. Salt craving: A symptom of Addison's disease?
  289. SCAD 2 Social Media as a Lifesaving Link
  290. Scarlet fever
  291. Scrotal masses
  292. Self-care for the flu
  293. Shaken baby syndrome
  294. Shellfish allergy
  295. Silent heart attack
  296. Smallpox
  297. Social anxiety disorder
  298. Spider bites
  299. Spinal headaches
  300. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  301. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  302. Staph infections
  303. Stomach cancer
  304. Infographic: Stomach Cancer
  305. Stop your next migraine before it starts
  306. Strep throat
  307. Strep throat in infants: A common diagnosis?
  308. Stress and headaches: Stop the cycle
  309. Sudden cardiac arrest
  310. Sudden death in young people: Heart problems often blamed
  311. Sulfa allergy
  312. Sun rash: Causes and prevention
  313. Swine flu (H1N1 flu)
  314. Symptom Checker
  315. Tapeworm infection
  316. Testicular torsion
  317. Thunderclap headaches
  318. Toxic hepatitis
  319. Toxic shock syndrome
  320. Traumatic brain injury
  321. Traveler's diarrhea
  322. Tularemia
  323. Vascular rings
  324. Vasovagal syncope
  325. Ventricular fibrillation
  326. Vertigo
  327. Can having vitamin D deficiency cause high blood pressure?
  328. What causes endometriosis? Theories about how endo starts
  329. Heart failure action plan
  330. What is meant by the term heart age?
  331. What's the difference between H1N1 flu and influenza A?
  332. Wheat allergy
  333. Whooping cough
  334. Whooping cough
  335. Why isn't there a hepatitis C vaccine?
  336. Wilson's disease
  337. Endometriosis: Working with your doctor
  338. Yellow fever
  339. Fecal transplant treatment of C. difficile at Mayo Clinic
  340. Mayo Clinic study reporting increased incidence of C. difficile infection
  341. Effectively managing chronic kidney disease
  342. Mayo Clinic Research Finds Risk of Glaucoma Blindness Drops by Half
  343. Zollinger-Ellison syndrome