التعريف

By Mayo Clinic Staff

قليلة هي الأحاسيس التي تثير الفزع في النفس كما يثيره إحساس العجز عن التنفس. ضيق النفس -التي تُعرَف أيضًا بضيق التنفس- هي حالة يحدث فيها ضيق حاد في الصدر، أو احتياج شديد للهواء، أو صعوبة في التنفس، أو انقطاع النفس أو الشعور بالاختناق.

يمكن أن تسبِّب الأنشطة البدنية الشاقة ودرجات الحرارة شديدة الارتفاع أو الانخفاض والسُمنة المفرطة والمرتفعات العالية ضيق النفس لشخص سليم. بالإضافة إلى هذه الأمثلة، من المحتمل أن يكون ضيق النفس علامة على وجود مشكلة طبية.

إذا كان لديك ضيق غير مبرَّر في النفس، خاصةً إذا كان يحدث فجأةً على هيئة نوبات شديدة، فاذهب إلى الطبيب على الفور.

13/06/2020

اطلع كذلك على

  1. 6 surprising signs you may have obstructive sleep apnea
  2. Acute coronary syndrome
  3. Acute kidney failure
  4. Acute lymphocytic leukemia
  5. Acute myelogenous leukemia
  6. After COVID-19 vaccination: Is it OK to visit with loved ones?
  7. Albuterol side effects
  8. Allergies
  9. Allergies and asthma
  10. Allergy medications: Know your options
  11. Allergy-proof your home
  12. Alpha-gal syndrome
  13. Amniotic fluid embolism
  14. Amyloidosis
  15. Anemia
  16. Angina
  17. Angina treatment: Stents, drugs, lifestyle changes — What's best?
  18. Aortic aneurysm
  19. Aortic calcification: An early sign of heart valve problems?
  20. Aortic dissection
  21. Aortic valve regurgitation
  22. Aortic valve stenosis
  23. Aplastic anemia
  24. ARDS
  25. Asbestosis
  26. Ascariasis
  27. Aspergillosis
  28. Aspirin allergy
  29. Asthma
  30. Asthma and acid reflux
  31. Asthma attack
  32. Asthma diet
  33. Adult asthma action plan
  34. Asthma inhalers: Which one's right for you?
  35. Asthma: Colds and flu
  36. Asthma medications
  37. Asthma: Testing and diagnosis
  38. Asthma treatment: 3 steps
  39. Asthma treatment: Do complementary and alternative approaches work?
  40. Asthma and menstruation
  41. Asthma-friendly products
  42. Atrial fibrillation
  43. Atrial fibrillation and managing stress
  44. Atrial septal defect (ASD)
  45. Automated external defibrillators: Do you need an AED?
  46. Avoid rebound nasal congestion
  47. Barrel chest: What causes it?
  48. Blood clots during menstruation: A concern?
  49. Blood tests for heart disease
  50. Mitral valve clip to treat mitral regurgitation: Bob's story
  51. Bradycardia
  52. Mitral valve overview
  53. 4 Ways to Prevent Heart Attack
  54. Adult congenital heart disease: What patients and families should know
  55. Adult defects
  56. Video: Aortic Surgery: What Patients Need to Know
  57. Ebstein Anomaly
  58. Ebstein Anomaly Part Two: Patient Frequently Asked Questions
  59. Fact or Fiction? Debunking Exercise & Nutrition Myths for Preventing Heart Disease and Risk Factors
  60. Giant Cell Myocarditis
  61. Healthy Heart Numbers
  62. Heart disease in women
  63. Heart Failure
  64. How kidneys work
  65. Jack Long — Live Long, Beat Strong to Find a Cure
  66. Video: Leaky Valve Animation
  67. Leaky Valve Cone Procedure
  68. Mayo Clinic - Holiday Heart Attack and Stroke Risk
  69. Mayo Clinic offers congenital heart care: Marcus' story
  70. Pulmonary hypertension overview
  71. Pulmonary Hypertension Treatment and Research
  72. Saved from Transplant
  73. SCAD: A Disease-Specific, Social Networking Community-Initiated Study
  74. Screenings of newborns and athletes for genetic heart disease
  75. Video: Septal myectomy and apical myectomy
  76. Sports Cardiology Program
  77. Supraventricular Tachycardia
  78. Treating Pericarditis
  79. Valve problems in children with heart disease: What patients and families should know
  80. Video: Valve-Sparing Aortic Root Replacement
  81. Broken heart: Can grief damage your heart?
  82. Broken heart syndrome
  83. Calcium supplements: A risk factor for heart attack?
  84. Can COVID-19 (coronavirus) spread through food, water, surfaces and pets?
  85. COVID-19 and vitamin D
  86. Can vitamins help prevent a heart attack?
  87. Carcinoid tumors
  88. Cardiac asthma: What causes it?
  89. Infographic: Cardiac sarcoidosis: A heart under attack
  90. Cardiogenic shock
  91. Cardiomyopathy
  92. Kinser's story
  93. Caregiving for someone with atrial fibrillation
  94. Central sleep apnea
  95. Chelation therapy for heart disease: Does it work?
  96. Chest pain
  97. Chronic cough
  98. Chronic kidney disease
  99. COPD
  100. Chronic sinusitis
  101. Churg-Strauss syndrome
  102. Coarctation of the aorta
  103. Congenital heart defects in children
  104. Infographic: Congenital Heart Disease and Lifelong Care
  105. Congenital heart disease in adults
  106. Anxiety and diet
  107. Coronary artery disease
  108. Coronary artery disease: Angioplasty or bypass surgery?
  109. Coronary artery spasm: Cause for concern?
  110. Coronavirus safety tips for going out
  111. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)
  112. COVID-19: How can I protect myself?
  113. Coronavirus grief
  114. Coronavirus vs. flu: Similarities and differences
  115. Herd immunity and coronavirus
  116. COVID-19 and high blood pressure
  117. COVID-19 and pets
  118. COVID-19 and your mental health
  119. COVID-19, cold, allergies and the flu
  120. COVID-19 and holidays
  121. COVID-19 (coronavirus) drugs: Are there any that work?
  122. COVID-19 (coronavirus) in babies and children
  123. Long-term effects of COVID-19
  124. COVID-19 (coronavirus) travel advice
  125. How well do face masks protect against coronavirus?
  126. COVID-19 (coronavirus): Quarantine, self-isolation and social distancing
  127. COVID-19 vaccines for kids: What you need to know
  128. COVID-19 vaccines
  129. COVID-19 variant
  130. COVID-19: Who's at higher risk of serious symptoms?
  131. CPAP machines: Tips for avoiding 10 common problems
  132. Craving and chewing ice: A sign of anemia?
  133. Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia
  134. Cystic fibrosis
  135. Daily aspirin therapy
  136. Debunking coronavirus myths
  137. Diabetic coma
  138. Diabetic ketoacidosis
  139. Different COVID-19 vaccines
  140. DiGeorge syndrome (22q11.2 deletion syndrome)
  141. Dilated cardiomyopathy
  142. Does atrial fibrillation run in families?
  143. Does honey offer sweet relief for allergies?
  144. Does obstructive sleep apnea increase my risk for Alzheimer's disease?
  145. Does older age increase the risk of atrial fibrillation?
  146. Drug allergy
  147. Drug-eluting stents
  148. Drummer Beats Heart Disease
  149. Dust mite allergy
  150. Early HIV symptoms: What are they?
  151. Ebstein anomaly
  152. ED Drugs for Pulmonary Hypertension
  153. Egg allergy
  154. Eisenmenger syndrome
  155. Emphysema
  156. Endocarditis
  157. Enlarged heart
  158. External Drive: Charles' Artificial Heart
  159. Factor V Leiden
  160. Fasting diet: Can it improve my heart health?
  161. Flu Shot Prevents Heart Attack
  162. Flu shots and heart disease
  163. Four Steps to Heart Health
  164. Gangrene
  165. Generalized anxiety disorder
  166. Genetics and Cardiomyopathy
  167. Getting active after acute coronary syndrome
  168. Granulomatosis with polyangiitis
  169. Grass-fed beef
  170. Hantavirus pulmonary syndrome
  171. Healthy eating: One step at a time
  172. Healthy Heart for Life!
  173. Healthy heart for life: Avoiding heart disease
  174. Heart arrhythmia
  175. Heart attack
  176. Heart attack prevention: Should I avoid secondhand smoke?
  177. Heart attack symptoms
  178. Heart Attack Timing
  179. Heart disease
  180. Heart disease in women: Understand symptoms and risk factors
  181. Heart failure
  182. Heart failure and sex: Is it safe?
  183. Heart-healthy diet: 8 steps to prevent heart disease
  184. Slide show: Heart-healthy eating after acute coronary syndrome
  185. Heart murmurs
  186. Heart palpitations
  187. Heavy periods: Can folic acid help?
  188. Herbal treatment for anxiety: Is it effective?
  189. Hidden Heart Attack
  190. HIV/AIDS
  191. Holiday Heart
  192. How do COVID-19 antibody tests differ from diagnostic tests?
  193. How does COVID-19 affect people with diabetes?
  194. Infographic: How heart-healthy people can suffer a heart attack
  195. How to get used to positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy
  196. How to safely go to your doctor during the COVID-19 pandemic
  197. How to talk to your kids about COVID-19
  198. Hurthle cell cancer
  199. Hyperglycemia in diabetes
  200. Hyperinflated lungs: What does it mean?
  201. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  202. Infographic: Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy
  203. Mayo Clinic Minute: Identifying and treating atrial fibrillation
  204. Improve obstructive sleep apnea with physical activity
  205. Interstitial lung disease
  206. Iron deficiency anemia
  207. LABAs for asthma
  208. Left ventricular hypertrophy
  209. Legionnaires' disease
  210. Living better with obstructive sleep apnea
  211. Infographic: Living with Atrial Fibrillation
  212. Living with Lupus
  213. Low-phosphorus diet: Helpful for kidney disease?
  214. Lung cancer
  215. Infographic: Lung Cancer
  216. Lung nodules: Can they be cancerous?
  217. Infographic: Lung Transplant for Cystic Fibrosis
  218. Lupus
  219. Lupus: Can it cause hair loss?
  220. Lupus: Can it cause hives?
  221. Lupus affects kidneys
  222. Making sense of obstructive sleep apnea treatments
  223. Mayo Clinic Minute: You're washing your hands all wrong
  224. Mayo Clinic Minute: How dirty are common surfaces?
  225. Median arcuate ligament syndrome (MALS)
  226. Menorrhagia (heavy menstrual bleeding)
  227. Menus for heart-healthy eating
  228. Mesothelioma
  229. Mitral valve prolapse
  230. Mitral valve regurgitation
  231. Mitral valve stenosis
  232. MRI: Is gadolinium safe for people with kidney problems?
  233. Myelodysplastic syndromes
  234. Myelofibrosis
  235. Myelofibrosis
  236. Myocardial ischemia
  237. Myocarditis
  238. Nasal Cleaning
  239. Nasal spray addiction: Is it real?
  240. Nocturnal panic attacks: What causes them?
  241. NSAIDs: Do they increase my risk of heart attack and stroke?
  242. Nuts and your heart: Eating nuts for heart health
  243. Obstructive sleep apnea
  244. Obstructive Sleep Apnea
  245. Obstructive sleep apnea: How quickly will I see results from treatment?
  246. Omega-3 in fish
  247. Omega-6 fatty acids
  248. Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome
  249. Ozone air purifiers
  250. Panic attacks and panic disorder
  251. Peanut allergy
  252. Pericardial effusion
  253. Pericarditis
  254. Photodynamic therapy: An effective treatment for lung cancer?
  255. Planning to travel with atrial fibrillation?
  256. Pleurisy
  257. Pneumonia
  258. Pneumonitis
  259. Pneumothorax
  260. Polycythemia vera
  261. Polyhydramnios
  262. Polymyositis
  263. Polymyositis: Can it affect my lungs?
  264. Polypill: Does it treat heart disease?
  265. Pregnancy and atrial fibrillation
  266. Pregnancy and COVID-19
  267. PrEP to prevent HIV
  268. Protein: Heart-healthy sources
  269. Pulmonary atresia
  270. Pulmonary edema
  271. Pulmonary embolism
  272. Pulmonary fibrosis
  273. Pulmonary hypertension
  274. Pulmonary valve stenosis
  275. Put fish on the menu
  276. Coronavirus infection by race
  277. Reactive airway disease: Is it asthma?
  278. Red wine, antioxidants and resveratrol
  279. Reduce your risk of stroke if you have atrial fibrillation
  280. Renal diet for vegetarians
  281. Researchers Develop New Stents for Complex Aortic Aneurysms
  282. Rheumatic fever
  283. Robotic heart surgery treats mitral regurgitation: Ed's story
  284. Robotic or minimally invasive cardiac surgery for adult-adolescent congenital heart disease
  285. Safe outdoor activities during the COVID-19 pandemic
  286. Safety tips for returning to school during COVID-19
  287. Sarcoidosis
  288. SCAD 2 Social Media as a Lifesaving Link
  289. Sex and COVID-19
  290. Should I make changes to my diet if I've been diagnosed with atrial fibrillation?
  291. Should people with atrial fibrillation participate in physical activity?
  292. Sick sinus syndrome
  293. Silent heart attack
  294. Sleep apnea
  295. Sleep apnea and caffeine: Any connection?
  296. CPAP masks
  297. Small vessel disease
  298. Somatic symptom disorder
  299. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  300. Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD)
  301. Heart disease prevention
  302. Sudden cardiac arrest
  303. Sudden death in young people: Heart problems often blamed
  304. Sulfa allergy
  305. Super Survivor Conquers Cancer
  306. Tachycardia
  307. Takayasu's arteritis
  308. Telemedicine online doctor visits
  309. Teleworking during the coronavirus
  310. Test anxiety: Can it be treated?
  311. Tetralogy of Fallot
  312. Tetralogy of Fallot
  313. Thalassemia
  314. Thoracic aortic aneurysm
  315. Thyroid nodules
  316. Transposition of the great arteries
  317. Video: Travel safely for medical care during the COVID-19 pandemic
  318. Treating COVID-19 at home
  319. Tricuspid atresia
  320. Tricuspid valve regurgitation
  321. Trouble breathing
  322. Tuberous sclerosis
  323. Unusual symptoms of coronavirus
  324. Ventricular fibrillation
  325. Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
  326. Asthma attack video
  327. Video: Heart and circulatory system
  328. CPAP: How it works
  329. Dry powder disk inhaler
  330. Dry powder tube inhaler
  331. Video: How to use a peak flow meter
  332. Single-dose dry powder inhaler
  333. Mitral valve regurgitation
  334. Using a metered dose asthma inhaler and spacer
  335. Obstructive sleep apnea: What happens?
  336. Vitamin deficiency anemia
  337. Vocal cord dysfunction
  338. Von Willebrand disease
  339. Walking pneumonia
  340. Fight coronavirus (COVID-19) transmission at home
  341. Heart failure action plan
  342. What is aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD)?
  343. Contact tracing and COVID-19: What is it and how does it work?
  344. What is meant by the term "heart age"?
  345. Wolff-Parkinson-White (WPW) syndrome
  346. Infographic: Women and Heart Disease
  347. Effectively managing chronic kidney disease