الأسباب

By Mayo Clinic Staff

نتجم أغلب حالات ضيق التنفس عن مشاكل في القلب أو في الرئتين. يشترك القلب والرئتان في توصيل الأُوكسجين إِلى أنسجة الجسم وإزالة ثنائي أوكسيد الكربون، فتؤثر المشاكل في أي من هاتين العمليتين على تَنَفُسك.

يعود سبب ضيق التنفس الذي يأتي بشكل مفاجىء (يُعرف بالحاد) إلى عدد محدود من الأسباب بما فيها الآتي:

  1. التأق (رد فعل تحسُّسي شديد)
  2. الربو
  3. التسمم بأول أكسيد الكربون
  4. اندحاس القلب (فرط السوائل حول القلب)
  5. داء الانسداد الرئوي المزمن (COPD) تفاقم (داء الانسداد الرئوي المُزمِن) — زيادة الأعراض سوءًا
  6. مرض فيروس كورونا المستجد 2019 (كوفيد-19)
  7. النوبة القلبية
  8. اضطراب نظم القلب (مشاكل عدم انتظام ضربات القلب)
  9. فشل القلب
  10. الالتهاب الرئوي (وغيرها من الالتهابات الرئوية)
  11. استرواح الصدر تقوّض الرئتين
  12. الانصمام الرئوي (خثار الدم في أحد شرايين الرئة)
  13. نزف الدم المفاجىء
  14. انسداد أعلى الممر الهوائي (انسداد الممر التنفسي)

في حال صعوبة التنفس التي تستمر لأسابيع أو أكثر (المُزمنة) تعود هذه الحالة في أغلب الأحيان إِلى الأسباب الآتية:

  1. الربو
  2. داء الانسداد الرئوي المزمن (COPD) تفاقم (داء الانسداد الرئوي المُزمِن) — زيادة الأعراض سوءًا
  3. زوال التَكَيُّف
  4. اختلال القلب الوظيفي
  5. داء الرئة الخلالي
  6. السمنة
  7. الانصباب الجنبي (تراكم السوائل حول الرئتين)

يُمكن أن تُصعِّب مجموعة من الحالات المرضية الأُخرى تنفس الهواء بكمية كافية. وتتضمن الأمثلة الآتي:

مشاكل الرئة

  1. الخناق (خاصةً لدى الأطفال الصغار)
  2. سرطان الرئة
  3. التهاب الجنبة (تهيُّج الغشاء المحيط بالرئتين)
  4. الوذمة الرئوية. (السوائل الزائدة في الرئتين)
  5. التليف الرئوي (الرئتان المُصابتان بالندب والتلف)
  6. فرط ضغط الدم الرئوي
  7. الساركويد (تجمعات الخلايا التي تُعاني من الالتهاب في الجسم)
  8. السُّل

مشاكل القلب

  1. اعتلال عضلة القلب (مشكلة في عضلة القلب)
  2. فشل القلب
  3. التهاب التامور (تهيُّج النسيج المحيط بالقلب)

المشاكل الأُخرى

  1. الأنيميا (فقر الدم)
  2. اضطرابات القلق
  3. كسور في الضلوع
  4. الاختناق: الإسعافات الأولية
  5. التهاب لسان المزمار (تورُّم "غطاء" القصبة الهوائية)
  6. الجسم الغريب الذي استنشقه: الإسعافات الأولية
  7. متلازمة غيلان باريه
  8. جنَف حُدابي (تشوُّه في جدار الصدر)
  9. الوهن العضلي الوبيل (حالة صحية تُسبِّب ضعف العضلات)

يشيع ارتباط الأسباب الظاهرة هنا بهذا العرض الصحي. اعمل مع الطبيب أو مع محترفي الرعاية الصحية للتوصل إلى التشخيص الدقيق.

13/06/2020

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  52. 4 Ways to Prevent Heart Attack
  53. Adult congenital heart disease: What patients and families should know
  54. Adult defects
  55. Video: Aortic Surgery: What Patients Need to Know
  56. Ebstein Anomaly
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  58. Fact or Fiction? Debunking Exercise & Nutrition Myths for Preventing Heart Disease and Risk Factors
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  64. Jack Long — Live Long, Beat Strong to Find a Cure
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  159. Enlarged heart
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  164. Flu Shot Prevents Heart Attack
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  166. Four Steps to Heart Health
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  176. Healthy Heart for Life!
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  179. Heart attack
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  181. Heart attack symptoms
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  185. Heart failure
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  187. Heart-healthy diet: 8 steps to prevent heart disease
  188. Slide show: Heart-healthy eating after acute coronary syndrome
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