التعريف

By Mayo Clinic Staff

إذا فقدتَ حاسة الشَّم، فستفقد أكثر من مجموعة متنوعة من الروائح. من دون وجود حاسة شم جيدة، قد تشعر أن الأكل بلا طعم ويُصبح من الصعب التمييز بين أنواع الطعام المختلفة. قد يكون فقدان حاسة الشم جزئيًّا (نقص الشم) أو كليًّا (خُشام)، وقد يكون مؤقتًا أو دائمًا، حسب السبب.

حتى الفقدان الجزئي لحاسة الشم قد يتسبب في فقدان الاهتمام بالطعام، وهو ما قد يؤدي في الحالات الشديدة إلى فقدان الوزن أو سوء التغذية أو حتى الاكتئاب. يُضيف بعض الأشخاص المزيد من الملح إلى الأكل الذي ليس له طعم، مما قد يُسبب مشكلة إذا كنت مصابًا بارتفاع ضغط الدم أو أمراض الكُلى. إن حاسة الشم لديك مهمة أيضًا لتحذيرك من مخاطر محتملة مثل الدخان أو الطعام الفاسد.

05/12/2019

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