Several types of diseases and conditions can cause pelvic pain. Chronic pelvic pain can result from more than one condition.

Pelvic pain can arise from your digestive, reproductive or urinary system. Recently, doctors have recognized that some pelvic pain, particularly chronic pelvic pain, can also arise from muscles and connective tissue (ligaments) in the structures of the pelvic floor.

Occasionally, pelvic pain might be caused by irritation of nerves in the pelvis.

Female reproductive system

Pelvic pain arising from the female reproductive system might be caused by conditions such as:

  1. Adenomyosis
  2. Ectopic pregnancy (or other pregnancy-related conditions)
  3. Endometriosis
  4. Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea)
  5. Miscarriage (before the 20th week) or intrauterine fetal death
  6. Mittelschmerz (ovulation pain)
  7. Ovarian cancer
  8. Ovarian cysts
  9. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  10. Uterine fibroids
  11. Vulvodynia

Other causes in women or men

Examples of other possible causes of pelvic pain — in women or men — include:

  1. Appendicitis
  2. Colon cancer
  3. Constipation
  4. Crohn's disease (a type of inflammatory bowel disease)
  5. Diverticulitis
  6. Fibromyalgia
  7. Inguinal hernia
  8. Interstitial cystitis (also called painful bladder syndrome)
  9. Intestinal obstruction
  10. Irritable bowel syndrome
  11. Kidney stones
  12. Past physical or sexual abuse
  13. Pelvic floor muscle spasms
  14. Prostatitis
  15. Ulcerative colitis
  16. Urinary tract infection (UTI)

Causes shown here are commonly associated with this symptom. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis.

May 10, 2019

See also

  1. Beating Ovarian Cancer
  2. Bladder cancer
  3. Infographic: Bladder Cancer
  4. Video: Bladder cancer stages
  5. Bladder cancer treatment options
  6. Bladder infection in men
  7. CA 125 test: A screening test for ovarian cancer?
  8. Cervical cancer
  9. Cervical dysplasia: Is it cancer?
  10. Chronic bladder infection
  11. Cystitis
  12. Ectopic pregnancy
  13. Endometrial cancer
  14. Epididymitis
  15. Fibroid Treatment Options
  16. Flaxseed: Does it affect risk of prostate cancer?
  17. Frequent sex: Does it protect against prostate cancer?
  18. Glowing Cancer Surgery
  19. Gonorrhea
  20. HPV infection: How does it cause cervical cancer?
  21. Interstitial cystitis
  22. Molar pregnancy
  23. New immunotherapy approved for metastatic bladder cancer
  24. Ovarian cancer
  25. Ovarian cancer: Still possible after hysterectomy?
  26. Ovarian cancer vaccine: Can it prevent recurrence?
  27. Ovarian cysts
  28. Ovarian cysts and infertility: A connection?
  29. Pap test: Can it detect ovarian cancer?
  30. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  31. Pomegranate juice: A cure for prostate cancer?
  32. Prostate cancer
  33. Prostate cancer brachytherapy: Can I pass radiation to others?
  34. Infographic: Prostate Cancer: Choline c-11
  35. Prostate cancer: Does PSA level affect prognosis?
  36. Prostate cancer metastasis: Where does prostate cancer spread?
  37. Prostate cancer prevention
  38. Prostate cancer treatment: Does initial treatment preclude others later?
  39. Rickets
  40. Robotic bladder surgery
  41. Scientists propose a breast cancer drug for some bladder cancer patients
  42. Small bowel prolapse (enterocele)
  43. Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome
  44. Uterine fibroids
  45. Vaginal cancer
  46. Vasectomy: Does it increase my risk of prostate cancer?