Frequent urination may happen when there's a problem with part of the urinary tract. The urinary tract is made up of the kidneys; the tubes that connect the kidneys to the bladder, which are called the ureters; the bladder; and the tube where urine exits the body, called the urethra.

You may pass urine more often than usual because of:

  1. Infection, disease, injury or irritation of the bladder.
  2. A condition that causes your body to make more urine.
  3. Changes in muscles, nerves or other tissues that affect how the bladder works.
  4. Certain cancer treatments.
  5. Things you drink or medicines you take that cause your body to make more urine.

Frequent urination often happens along with other urinary signs and symptoms, such as:

  1. Feeling pain or discomfort when you pass urine.
  2. Having a strong urge to pass urine.
  3. Having trouble passing urine.
  4. Leaking urine.
  5. Passing urine that's an unusual color.

Possible causes of frequent urination

Certain urinary tract conditions may lead to frequent urination:

  1. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  2. Bladder cancer
  3. Bladder stones
  4. Interstitial cystitis (also called painful bladder syndrome)
  5. Kidney changes that affect how well the kidneys work.
  6. Kidney infection (also called pyelonephritis)
  7. Overactive bladder
  8. Prostatitis (Infection or inflammation of the prostate.)
  9. Urethral stricture (narrowing of the urethra)
  10. Urinary incontinence
  11. Urinary tract infection (UTI)

Other causes of frequent urination include:

  1. Anterior vaginal prolapse (cystocele)
  2. Diabetes insipidus
  3. Diuretics (water retention relievers)
  4. Drinking alcohol or caffeine.
  5. Having too much fluid in a day.
  6. Pregnancy
  7. Radiation treatment affecting the pelvis or lower abdomen
  8. Type 1 diabetes
  9. Type 2 diabetes
  10. Vaginitis

Causes shown here are commonly associated with this symptom. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis.

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May 19, 2023

See also

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  2. Artificial sweeteners: Any effect on blood sugar?
  3. AskMayoMom Pediatric Urology
  4. Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  5. Bladder cancer
  6. Infographic: Bladder Cancer
  7. What is bladder cancer? A Mayo Clinic expert explains
  8. Bladder cancer FAQs
  9. Bladder cancer treatment options
  10. Bladder infection in men
  11. Bladder outlet obstruction
  12. Bladder stones
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  15. Blood sugar levels can fluctuate for many reasons
  16. Blood sugar testing: Why, when and how
  17. Bone and joint problems associated with diabetes
  18. Caffeine: Does it affect blood sugar?
  19. Cervicitis
  20. Chronic bladder infection
  21. Cystitis
  22. Diabetes
  23. Diabetes and depression: Coping with the two conditions
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  26. What is type 1 diabetes? A Mayo Clinic expert explains
  27. 10 ways to avoid diabetes complications
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  29. Diabetes diet: Create your healthy-eating plan
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  32. Diabetes management: How lifestyle, daily routine affect blood sugar
  33. Diabetes prevention: 5 tips for taking control
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  41. Enlarged prostate: Does diet play a role?
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  43. Gestational diabetes
  44. Glowing Cancer Surgery
  45. GLP-1 agonists: Diabetes drugs and weight loss
  46. Glycemic index: A helpful tool for diabetes?
  47. Hydrocele
  48. Hypercalcemia
  49. Hyperglycemia in diabetes
  50. Hyperinsulinemia: Is it diabetes?
  51. Insulin and weight gain
  52. Interstitial cystitis
  53. Kidney infection
  54. Kidney stones
  55. Late-night eating: OK if you have diabetes?
  56. LADA
  57. New immunotherapy approved for metastatic bladder cancer
  58. Overactive bladder
  59. Polycystic kidney disease
  60. Prediabetes
  61. Preventing Kidney Stones
  62. Prostatitis
  63. Prostatitis and sex
  64. Increased PSA levels
  65. Reactive arthritis
  66. Reactive hypoglycemia: What can I do?
  67. Recurrent prostate infection
  68. Robotic bladder surgery
  69. Scientists propose a breast cancer drug for some bladder cancer patients
  70. Scrotal masses
  71. Mayo Clinic Minute: Steam treatment for enlarged prostate
  72. The dawn phenomenon: What can you do?
  73. Infographic: Transplant for Polycystic Kidney Disease
  74. Type 1 diabetes
  75. Type 1 diabetes in children
  76. Type 2 diabetes
  77. Type 2 diabetes in children
  78. Uterine fibriods FAQs
  79. Uterine fibroids
  80. What are uterine fibroids? A Mayo Clinic expert explains
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