概述

在微创手术治疗中,医生使用多种技术;与开放手术相比,其对人体的损伤更少。通常,微创手术治疗疼痛较少、住院时间较短和并发症较少。

腹腔镜手术 — 使用小管子、微型照相机和手术器械通过一个或多个小切口进行的手术 — 是最早的微创手术治疗类型之一。另一种类型的微创手术是机器人手术。它提供手术部位的放大 3D 视图,并帮助外科医生以精确、灵活和可控制的方式进行操作。

微创外科手术的不断创新使它对很多疾病的患者都有益。如果您需要手术并且认为您可能是适合这种方法,请咨询您的医生。

微创手术治疗的类型

外科医生可进行许多种微创手术,包括:

机器人心脏手术:您应该了解和咨询的内容

Types

做手术的理由

微创手术治疗于上世纪 80 年代问世,是一种安全有效的技术,可以满足许多患者的手术需求。在过去的 20 年中,许多外科医生都喜欢用微创手术治疗来代替传统的(开放)手术,因为后者需要较大的切口,并且通常住院时间更长。

从那以后,微创手术治疗的使用在包括结肠和肺手术在内的许多外科专业领域中得到广泛扩展。与医生讨论您是否真正适合这种手术方法。

风险

微创手术治疗在手术中产生的切口更小,并且通常比传统手术风险低。但是,即使采用微创手术治疗,也存在麻醉、出血和感染等并发症的风险。

临床试验

探索 Mayo Clinic 的研究 测试新的治疗、干预与检查方法,旨在预防、检测、治疗或控制这种疾病。

在 Mayo Clinic 治疗

Jan. 13, 2022
  1. Duffy JMN, et al. Laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD011031.pub2/abstract. Accessed July 25, 2016.
  2. AskMayoExpert. Endometrial cancer. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
  3. Guidelines for the minimally invasive treatment of adrenal pathology. Rockville, Md.: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. http://www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=43951. Accessed July 25, 2016.
  4. The role of endoscopy in the evaluation and management of dysphagia. Rockville, Md.: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. http://www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=47786. Accessed July 25, 2016.
  5. AskMayoExpert. Biliary stone disease. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  6. AskMayoExpert. Acromegaly and gigantism (adult and pediatric). Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  7. Guidelines on the management of hiatal hernia. Rockville, Md.: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. http://www.guideline.gov/content.aspx?id=47101. Accessed July 25, 2016.
  8. Schrier SL. Approach to the adult patient with splenomegaly and other splenic disorders. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 26, 2016.
  9. Pryor AP, et al. Complications of laparoscopic surgery. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 25, 2016.
  10. Mathis KL, et al. New developments in colorectal surgery. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology. 2013;29:72.
  11. Xu T, et al. Hospital cost implications of increased use of minimally invasive surgery. JAMA. 2015;150:489.
  12. Nickerson TP, et al. Single-incision laparoscopic resection of small bowel tumours: Making it easier for patient and surgeon. Journal of Minimal Access Surgery. 2016;12:235.
  13. de Rooij T, et al. Laparoscopic pancreatic surgery for benign and malignant disease. National Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2016;13;227.
  14. Mack MJ. Minimally invasive and robotic surgery. JAMA. 2001;285:568.
  15. Riggin EA. Decision Support System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 10, 2014.
  16. AskMayoExpert. Robot-assisted kidney surgery. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
  17. AskMayoExpert. VATS lobectomy. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  18. Georgiadou D, et al. Efficacy and safety of laparoscopic mini gastric bypass. A systematic review. Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases. 2014;10:984.
  19. AskMayoExpert. Knee replacement. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  20. Vernick W, et al. Robotic and minimally invasive cardiac surgery. Anesthesiology Clinics. 2013;31:299.
  21. Promising results in minimally invasive brain surgery for epilepsy (news release). Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Rochester, Minn. http://newsnetwork.mayoclinic.org/discussion/promisingresultsinminimallyinvasivebrainsurgeryforepilepsy/. Accessed July 26, 2016.