A health care provider might ask about symptoms and do an exam. The exam might include feeling for tenderness in the nose and face and looking inside the nose.

Other ways to diagnose acute sinusitis and rule out other conditions include:

  • Nasal endoscopy. A health care provider inserts a thin, flexible tube, known as an endoscope, into the nose. A light on the tube allows the provider to see inside the sinuses.
  • Imaging studies. A CT scan can show details of the sinuses and nasal area. It's not usually used for simple acute sinusitis. But imaging studies might help rule out other causes.
  • Nasal and sinus samples. Lab tests aren't often used to diagnose acute sinusitis. But if the condition doesn't get better with treatment or gets worse, tissue samples from the nose or sinuses might help find the cause.


Most cases of acute sinusitis get better on their own. Self-care is usually all that's needed to ease symptoms.

Treatments to ease symptoms

The following might help ease sinusitis symptoms:

  • Saline nasal spray. Salt water sprayed into the nose many times a day rinses the inside of the nose.
  • Nasal corticosteroids. These nasal sprays help prevent and treat swelling. Examples include fluticasone (Flonase Allergy Relief, Flonase Sensimist Allergy Relief, others), budesonide (Rhinocort Allergy), mometasone and beclomethasone (Beconase AQ, Qnasl, others).
  • Decongestants. These medicines are available with and without a prescription. They come in liquids, tablets and nasal sprays. Use nasal decongestants for only a few days because they may cause worse stuffiness, known as rebound congestion.
  • Allergy medicines. For sinusitis caused by allergies, using allergy medicines might lessen allergy symptoms.
  • Pain relievers. Try acetaminophen (Tylenol, others), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) or aspirin available without a prescription.

    Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than 3, children and teenagers recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. This is because aspirin has been linked to Reye's syndrome, a rare but potentially life-threatening condition, in such children.


Antibiotics don't treat viruses, which are the usual cause of acute sinusitis. Even if bacteria caused the acute sinusitis, called a bacterial infection, it might clear up on its own. So a health care provider might wait and see if the acute sinusitis gets worse before prescribing antibiotics.

But, if you have severe, worsening or long-lasting symptoms, your symptoms might need to be treated with antibiotics. Always take the whole course of antibiotics even after symptoms get better. Stopping antibiotics early might cause symptoms to come back.


For sinusitis caused or made worse by allergies, allergy shots might help. This is known as immunotherapy.

From Mayo Clinic to your inbox

Sign up for free and stay up to date on research advancements, health tips, current health topics, and expertise on managing health. Click here for an email preview.

To provide you with the most relevant and helpful information, and understand which information is beneficial, we may combine your email and website usage information with other information we have about you. If you are a Mayo Clinic patient, this could include protected health information. If we combine this information with your protected health information, we will treat all of that information as protected health information and will only use or disclose that information as set forth in our notice of privacy practices. You may opt-out of email communications at any time by clicking on the unsubscribe link in the e-mail.

Clinical trials

Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this condition.

Lifestyle and home remedies

These steps can help relieve sinusitis symptoms:

  • Rest. Rest helps the body fight infection and speed recovery.
  • Drink fluids. Keep drinking plenty of fluids.
  • Use a warm compress. A warm compress on the nose and forehead might help lessen pressure in the sinuses.
  • Keep sinuses moist. Breathing in the steam from a bowl of hot water with a towel over the head might help. Or take a hot shower, breathing in the warm, moist air. This will help ease pain and help mucus drain.
  • Rinse the inside of the nose. Use a specially designed squeeze bottle (Sinus Rinse, others) or neti pot. This home remedy, called nasal lavage, can help clear sinuses.

Alternative medicine

No alternative therapies have been proved to ease the symptoms of acute sinusitis. Products that have certain herbs in them might be of some help. These therapies have cowslip, gentian root, elderflower, verbena and sorrel in them.

Check with a health care provider before taking herbal or dietary supplements. Be sure they're safe and that they won't get in the way of medicines you take.

Preparing for your appointment

Here's information to help you get ready for your appointment.

What you can do

Make a list of:

  • Your symptoms, including any that seem unrelated to the reason for your appointment, and when they began.
  • Key personal information, including whether you have allergies or asthma, and family medical history.
  • All medicines, vitamins or other supplements you take, including doses.
  • Questions to ask your health care provider.

For acute sinusitis, questions to ask your provider include:

  • What's likely causing my symptoms?
  • What are other possible causes for my symptoms?
  • What tests do I need?
  • Is my condition likely to go away or be long lasting?
  • What's the best course of action?
  • I have other health conditions. How can I best manage them together?
  • Are there brochures or other printed material I can have? What websites do you suggest?

Be sure to ask all the questions you have.

What to expect from your doctor

Your care provider is likely to ask you questions, such as:

  • Do you have symptoms all the time or once in a while?
  • How bad are your symptoms?
  • What, if anything, seems to make your symptoms better?
  • What, if anything, seems to make your symptoms worse?
  • Do you smoke or are you around smoke or other pollutants?
Aug. 29, 2023
  1. Ferri FF. Sinusitis. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2023. Elsevier; 2023. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 2, 2023.
  2. Sinusitis (sinus infection or sinus inflammation). American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. https://aafa.org/allergies/allergy-symptoms/sinusitis-sinus-infection/. Accessed Feb. 2, 2023.
  3. Patel ZM, et al. Acute sinusitis and rhinosinusitis in adults: Clinical manifestations and diagnosis. https://www.uptodate/com/contents/search. Accessed Feb. 2, 2023.
  4. AskMayoExpert. Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis. Mayo Clinic; 2022.
  5. Bennett JE, et al. Sinusitis. In: Mandell, Douglas, and Bennett's Principles and Practice of Infectious Diseases. 9th ed. Elsevier; 2020. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 2, 2023.
  6. Sinus infection. American College of Allergy Asthma and Immunology. https://acaai.org/allergies/allergic-conditions/sinus-infection/. Accessed Feb. 2, 2023.
  7. Sinus infection (sinusitis). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/antibiotic-use/community/for-patients/common-illnesses/sinus-infection.html. Accessed Feb. 2, 2023.
  8. Elderflower. Natural Medicines. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com. Accessed Feb. 2, 2023.