Several infections can affect the nervous system. Infections caused by bacteria or viruses are usually treated by doctors trained in infectious diseases.

Mayo Clinic neurologists and others may work with doctors trained in infectious diseases to evaluate and treat certain infectious diseases.

Conditions and symptoms

  • Bacterial meningitis
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
  • Herpes encephalitis
  • Neurocystercercosis
  • Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Tropical spastic paraparesis
  • Viral encephalitis
  • Whipple's disease


Read about research in neurological infectious disease.