Mayo Clinic's approach

Mayo Clinic care team

A team of doctors and health care professionals discusses care for people who may have heart valve surgery.

Multidisciplinary team

Mayo Clinic cardiac surgeons work together as a multidisciplinary team with cardiologists and other health care professionals to provide coordinated, comprehensive care for people with all types of heart valve disease.

Doctors collaborate to determine if heart valve surgery or another treatment is most appropriate for your condition. Your doctor and treatment team provide care for you as a whole person.

Advanced technology and treatment options

Mayo Clinic cardiac surgeons perform many types of heart valve surgery, including aortic valve repair and replacement, mitral valve repair and replacement, tricuspid valve repair and replacement, and pulmonary valve repair and replacement.

Mayo Clinic offers advanced treatment options, including minimally invasive heart surgery, for people who are candidates. Minimally invasive heart surgery involves the use of smaller incisions than open-heart surgery. You may have less pain and a shorter recovery period after minimally invasive heart surgery.

A surgeon sits at a remote console and conducts robot-assisted heart surgery. Robot-assisted heart surgery at Mayo Clinic

A Mayo Clinic surgeon sits at a remote console and uses robotic arms to conduct robot-assisted heart surgery. A surgical team assists at the operating table.

Doctors may sometimes perform robot-assisted heart surgery, a type of minimally invasive heart surgery in which doctors conduct the procedure using robotic arms. In robot-assisted heart surgery, a surgeon sits at a remote console, viewing the heart in a magnified 3-D view on a video monitor and using robotic arms to conduct the procedure. A second surgeon and a surgical team assist at the operating table.

A surgical team assists at the operating table during robot-assisted heart surgery. Robot-assisted heart surgery team at Mayo Clinic

A Mayo Clinic surgeon and surgical team assist with robot-assisted heart surgery, while another surgeon sits at a remote console controlling the robotic arms.

Mayo doctors also conduct minimally invasive procedures using long, thin tubes (catheters) to repair or replace some heart valves. Doctors may repair a valve using catheters and clips, plugs or other devices.

To replace a narrowed aortic valve, doctors may conduct a catheter procedure called transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). In TAVR, doctors insert a catheter in your leg or chest and guide it to your heart. A replacement valve is then inserted through the catheter and guided to your heart. A balloon may expand the valve, or some valves can self-expand. When the valve is implanted, doctors remove the catheter from your blood vessel.

Research and innovation

Mayo doctors have been pioneers in many types of heart valve surgery, such as mitral valve repair, aortic valve repair and tricuspid valve repair, for many years.

Mayo doctors have continued this tradition of research and innovation in heart valve disease. Doctors have researched innovative types of heart valve repair and replacement. Researchers study new procedures to repair or replace heart valves using catheter procedures, minimally invasive heart surgery and other surgical techniques.

The Mayo Clinic experience and patient stories

Our patients tell us that the quality of their interactions, our attention to detail and the efficiency of their visits mean health care like they've never experienced. See the stories of satisfied Mayo Clinic patients.

  1. Complex Heart Surgery Keeps Panama Native on the Greens

    When persistent fatigue began to slow down Ricardo Henriquez, an evaluation at Mayo Clinic revealed he needed surgery to fix his heart valves and correct an irregular heartbeat. The procedure also allowed him to again pursue his passion for golf.? The goal that April afternoon was simple. Sink the putt and win the tournament. But [...]

  2. Mitral Clip Gets a Fisherman Back on the Water

    Fishing has been a big part of 83-year-old Bob Hamme's life since he was a child. "I just enjoy being out on the water or near water and fishing, just being with nature," he says. After being diagnosed with congestive heart failure due a leaky mitral valve, Bob was not only unable to enjoy fishing, [...]

Expertise and rankings

A doctor and surgeon in a discussion Collaboration

A Mayo Clinic doctor and surgeon collaborate and discuss heart valve surgery.


Mayo Clinic cardiac surgeons have extensive experience and expertise in performing heart valve surgery. Mayo surgeons perform a wide range of cardiac surgeries, and surgeons have experience performing complex heart valve surgeries. Mayo surgeons perform more than 1,800 heart valve surgeries each year.

Pediatric cardiologists and pediatric cardiac surgeons at Mayo Clinic's campus in Minnesota have experience treating children with heart valve disease and other heart conditions.

Valvular heart disease expertise

Mayo doctors in the Valvular Heart Disease Clinic have extensive experience and expertise evaluating and treating people with heart valve diseases. Cardiologists work with cardiac surgeons and other specialists to evaluate people with heart valve disease and determine whether heart valve repair, heart valve replacement or another treatment is most appropriate.

Nationally recognized expertise

Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., Mayo Clinic in Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz., and Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., are ranked among the Best Hospitals for heart and heart surgery by U.S. News & World Report. Mayo Clinic Children's Center in Rochester, Minn., is ranked among the Best Children's Hospitals for heart and heart surgery by U.S. News & World Report.

With Mayo Clinic's emphasis on collaborative care, specialists at each of the campuses — Minnesota, Arizona and Florida — interact very closely with colleagues at the other campuses and the Mayo Clinic Health System.

Learn more about Mayo Clinic's cardiac surgery and cardiovascular diseases departments' expertise and rankings.

Locations, travel and lodging

Mayo Clinic has major campuses in Phoenix and Scottsdale, Arizona; Jacksonville, Florida; and Rochester, Minnesota. The Mayo Clinic Health System has dozens of locations in several states.

For more information on visiting Mayo Clinic, choose your location below:

Costs and insurance

Mayo Clinic works with hundreds of insurance companies and is an in-network provider for millions of people.

In most cases, Mayo Clinic doesn't require a physician referral. Some insurers require referrals, or may have additional requirements for certain medical care. All appointments are prioritized on the basis of medical need.

Learn more about appointments at Mayo Clinic.

Please contact your insurance company to verify medical coverage and to obtain any needed authorization prior to your visit. Often, your insurer's customer service number is printed on the back of your insurance card.

Clinical trials

Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease.

Dec. 28, 2017
  1. What is heart surgery? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Accessed Sept. 23, 2016.
  2. What is heart valve disease? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. Accessed Aug. 15, 2016.
  3. Barbara Woodward Lips Patient Education Center. Getting ready for heart surgery. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2011.
  4. How can I prepare for heart surgery? American Heart Association. Accessed Sept. 25, 2016.
  5. Taggarse AK, et al. How has robotic repair changed the landscape of mitral valve surgery? Annals of Cardiothoracic Surgery. 2015;4:358.
  6. Aldea GS. Minimally invasive aortic and mitral valve surgery. Accessed Aug. 15, 2016.
  7. Vernick W, et al. Robotic and minimally invasive cardiac surgery. Anesthesiology Clinics. 2013;31:299.
  8. Bonow RO, et al., eds. Valvular heart disease. In: Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. Accessed Aug. 16, 2016.
  9. Ruiz CE, et al. Transcatheter therapies for the treatment of valvular and paravalvular regurgitation in acquired and congenital valvular heart disease. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2015;66:169.
  10. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Sept. 23, 2016.
  11. Nishimura RA, et al. 2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2014;148:e1.
  12. AskMayoExpert. Mitral regurgitation. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  13. Stulak JM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 28, 2016.

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