Diagnosis

Diagnosis for tonsil cancer might start with an exam of your mouth and throat. This cancer happens when abnormal cells form in the oval-shaped pads at the back of your throat, called tonsils. The doctor might feel your throat for lumps and use a mirror and a bright light to examine the inside of your mouth. If any abnormal areas are found, a sample of cells might be cut away for lab testing. You may also have imaging tests like CT, MRI, and PET.

Treatment

Treatment for tonsil cancer might be with an operation to cut away the cancer. This cancer happens when abnormal cells form in the oval-shaped pads at the back of your throat, called tonsils. Surgeons might be able to access small cancers through your mouth. Larger cancers might require making a cut in your throat. Other treatment options might include radiation therapy with powerful energy beams and chemotherapy with strong drugs.

Tonsil cancer care at Mayo Clinic

Dec. 08, 2018
References
  1. AskMayoExpert. Head and neck cancers. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
  2. Head and neck cancers. Fort Washington, Pa.: National Comprehensive Cancer Network. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp. Accessed May 25, 2017.
  3. Flint PW, et al. Malignant neoplasms of the oropharynx. In: Cummings Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 27, 2017.
  4. Warner KJ. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 23, 2017.