Mayo Clinic's approach

Mayo Clinic's Department of Psychiatry and Psychology, one of the largest psychiatric treatment groups in the United States, is a leader in the research and use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) for treatment-resistant depression.

  • Experience. Mayo Clinic experts have performed rTMS treatments since 2002 as a part of nationwide research on this device. After Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval in 2008, Mayo Clinic was one of the first medical facilities in the U.S. to offer rTMS treatments for depression.
  • Teamwork. When rTMS is used for depression, highly skilled specialists provide expert care, using a team approach.
  • Research. In addition to being a leading center for rTMS clinical trials to treat depression, Mayo Clinic continues to research rTMS for depression in adults and teenagers and for other uses.

The Mayo Clinic experience and patient stories

Our patients tell us that the quality of their interactions, our attention to detail and the efficiency of their visits mean health care like they've never experienced. See the stories of satisfied Mayo Clinic patients.

Expertise and rankings

Treatment expertise

Mayo Clinic psychiatrists have performed repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) treatments since 2002, initially as part of nationwide research. The TMS research group was involved in the multicenter trial that led to FDA approval of this treatment technique.

Nationally recognized expertise

Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, is ranked as one of the top psychiatry hospitals in the nation by U.S. News & World Report.

Learn more about Mayo Clinic's Department of Psychiatry and Psychology.

Locations, travel and lodging

Mayo Clinic has major campuses in Phoenix and Scottsdale, Arizona; Jacksonville, Florida; and Rochester, Minnesota. The Mayo Clinic Health System has dozens of locations in several states.

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Costs and insurance

Mayo Clinic works with hundreds of insurance companies and is an in-network provider for millions of people.

In most cases, Mayo Clinic doesn't require a physician referral. Some insurers require referrals, or may have additional requirements for certain medical care. All appointments are prioritized on the basis of medical need.

Learn more about appointments at Mayo Clinic.

Please contact your insurance company to verify medical coverage and to obtain any needed authorization prior to your visit. Often, your insurer's customer service number is printed on the back of your insurance card.

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Mayo Clinic in Arizona, Florida and Minnesota

Mayo Clinic Health System

Clinical trials

Explore Mayo Clinic studies of tests and procedures to help prevent, detect, treat or manage conditions.

Nov. 27, 2018
  1. Brain stimulation therapies. National Institute of Mental Health. Accessed Oct. 2, 2018.
  2. Haesebaert F, et al. Usefulness of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation as a maintenance treatment in patients with major depression. World Journal of Biological Psychiatry. 2018;19:74.
  3. Trangle M, et al. Depression, adult in primary care. Institute for Clinical Systems Improvement. Accessed Oct. 2, 2018.
  4. AskMayoExpert. Transcranial magnetic stimulation. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2017.
  5. Holtzheimer PE. Unipolar depression in adults: Indications, efficacy, and safety of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Accessed Oct. 2, 2018.
  6. Holtzheimer PE. Technique for performing transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). Accessed Oct. 2, 2018.
  7. ECT, TMS and other brain stimulation therapies. National Alliance on Mental Illness.,-TMS-and-Other-Brain-Stimulation-Therapies. Accessed Oct. 2, 2018.
  8. Garnaat SL, et al. Updates on transcranial magnetic stimulation for major depressive disorder. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. 2018;41:419.
  9. Guo Q, et al. Updated review on the clinical use of repetitive transcranial stimulation in psychiatric disorders. Neuroscience Bulletin. 2017;33:747.
  10. Croarkin PE (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct. 28, 2018.

Transcranial magnetic stimulation