BPA stands for bisphenol A. BPA is an industrial chemical that has been used to make certain plastics and resins since the 1960s.
BPA is found in polycarbonate plastics and epoxy resins. Polycarbonate plastics are often used in containers that store food and beverages, such as water bottles. They may also be used in other consumer goods.
Epoxy resins are used to coat the inside of metal products, such as food cans, bottle tops and water supply lines. Some dental sealants and composites also may contain BPA.
Some research has shown that BPA can seep into food or beverages from containers that are made with BPA. Exposure to BPA is a concern because of possible health effects of BPA on the brain, behavior and prostate gland of fetuses, infants and children. Additional research suggests a possible link between BPA and increased blood pressure.
However, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has said that BPA is safe at the very low levels that occur in some foods. This assessment is based on review of hundreds of studies.
The FDA is continuing its review of BPA, including supporting ongoing research. In the meantime, if you're concerned about BPA, you can take these steps to reduce your exposure:
March 11, 2016
- Use BPA-free products. Manufacturers are creating more and more BPA-free products. Look for products labeled as BPA-free. If a product isn't labeled, keep in mind that some, but not all, plastics marked with recycle codes 3 or 7 may be made with BPA.
- Cut back on cans. Reduce your use of canned foods since most cans are lined with BPA-containing resin.
- Avoid heat. The National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, part of the National Institutes of Health, advises against microwaving polycarbonate plastics or putting them in the dishwasher, because the plastic may break down over time and allow BPA to leach into foods.
- Use alternatives. Use glass, porcelain or stainless steel containers for hot foods and liquids instead of plastic containers.
See more Expert Answers
- Bisphenol A (BPA). National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences. http://www.niehs.nih.gov/health/topics/agents/sya-bpa/index.cfm. Accessed Feb. 29, 2016.
- Bisphenol A (BPA): Use in food contact application. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/newsevents/publichealthfocus/ucm064437.htm. Accessed Feb. 29, 2016.
- FAQs: The safety of food containers made with polycarbonate plastic. American Chemistry Council. https://plasticsinfo.org/Functional-Nav/FAQs/Polycarbon-Plastic. Accessed Feb. 29, 2016.
- Srivastava S, et al. Bisphenol A: A threat to human health? Journal of Environmental Health. 2015;77:20.
- Rochester JR. Bisphenol A and human health: A review of the literature. Reproductive Toxicology. 2013; 42:132.
- Bae S, et al. Associations of bisphenol A exposure with heart rate variability and blood pressure. Hypertension. 2015;65:313.