Overview

Mesenteric ischemia (mez-un-TER-ik is-KEE-me-uh) occurs when blood flow to your small intestine is restricted by narrowed or blocked blood vessels (arteries). Decreased blood flow can permanently damage the small intestine. Sudden loss of blood flow to the small intestine (acute mesenteric ischemia) from a blood clot requires immediate surgery.

Mesenteric ischemia that develops over time (chronic) is treated with angioplasty or open surgery. Untreated, chronic mesenteric ischemia can become acute, or lead to severe weight loss and malnutrition.

Mesenteric ischemia care at Mayo Clinic

April 17, 2018
References
  1. AskMayoExpert. Mesenteric arterial ischemia. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2017.
  2. Blauw JTM, et al. Mesenteric vascular treatment 2016: From open surgical repair to endovascular revascularization. Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology. 2017;31:75.
  3. Clair DG, et al. Mesenteric ischemia. New England Journal of Medicine. 2016;374:959.
  4. Kolkman JJ, et al. Diagnosis and treatment of chronic mesenteric ischemia: An update. Best Practice & Research Clinical Gastroenterology. 2017;31:49.>
  5. Brown AY. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Jan. 23, 2018.