Tests that measure the amount of certain hormones in your blood, including testosterone or other testosterone-like hormones, might help determine whether elevated androgen levels are causing your hirsutism. If so, your doctor might recommend an ultrasound or a CT scan to check your ovaries and adrenal glands for tumors or cysts.
Your doctor might also examine your abdomen and do a pelvic exam to look for masses that could indicate a tumor.
Treatment for hirsutism often involves a combination of treating the underlying disorder, if there is one, self-care methods, hair-removal therapies and medications.
Medications taken for hirsutism usually take up to six months, the average life cycle of a hair follicle, before you see a significant difference in hair growth. Medications include:
- Oral contraceptives. Birth control pills or other hormonal contraceptives, which contain estrogen and progestin, treat hirsutism caused by androgen production. Oral contraceptives are a common treatment for hirsutism in women who don't want to become pregnant. Possible side effects include dizziness, nausea, headache and stomach upset.
Anti-androgens. These types of drugs block androgens from attaching to their receptors in your body. They're sometimes prescribed after six months on oral contraceptives if the oral contraceptives aren't effective enough.
The most commonly used anti-androgen for treating hirsutism is spironolactone (Aldactone). Because these drugs can cause birth defects, it's important to use contraception while taking them.
- Topical cream. Eflornithine (Vaniqa) is a prescription cream specifically for excessive facial hair in women. It's applied directly to the affected area of your face and helps slow new hair growth, but doesn't get rid of existing hair. It can be used with laser therapy to enhance the response.
To remove unwanted hair permanently, options include:
Electrolysis. This treatment involves inserting a tiny needle into each hair follicle. The needle emits a pulse of electric current to damage and eventually destroy the follicle. You might need multiple treatments.
Electrolysis is effective but can be painful. A numbing cream spread on your skin before treatment might reduce discomfort.
Laser therapy. A beam of highly concentrated light (laser) is passed over your skin to damage hair follicles and prevent hair from growing. You might need multiple treatments.
You might develop skin redness and swelling after laser therapy. Laser therapy for hair removal is expensive and carries a risk of burns and skin discoloration, especially in people with tanned or dark skin.
Lifestyle and home remedies
Self-care methods to remove unwanted facial and body hair include:
- Plucking. Using tweezers is a good method to remove a few stray hairs, but is not useful for removing a large area of hair.
- Shaving. Shaving is quick and inexpensive, but it needs to be repeated regularly since it removes the hair only at the surface of your skin.
- Waxing. Waxing involves applying warm wax on your skin where the unwanted hair grows. Once the wax hardens, you pull it from your skin to remove hair. Waxing removes hair from a large area quickly, but it may sting temporarily and sometimes causes skin irritation and redness.
- Chemical depilatories. Generally available as gels, lotions or creams that you spread on your skin, chemical depilatories work by breaking down the protein structure of the hair shaft. Some people are allergic to the chemicals used in depilatories.
Instead of removing unwanted body hair, some women use bleaching. Bleaching removes the hair color, making the hair less visible. Bleaching can cause skin irritation, so test the bleach on a small area first. Also, bleaching can make hair stand out on dark or tanned skin.
Preparing for your appointment
You're likely to start by seeing your family doctor. He or she might refer you to a doctor who specializes in hormone disorders (endocrinologist) or skin problems (dermatologist).
What you can do
When you make your appointment, ask if you should avoid removing your unwanted hair, so the doctor can better evaluate your condition. Make a list of:
- Key personal information, including other medical conditions and changes in your menstrual cycle or sex drive
- All medications, vitamins and other supplements you take, including doses
- Questions to ask your doctor
For hirsutism, some questions to ask your doctor include:
- What's likely causing my symptoms?
- What are other possible causes for my symptoms?
- What tests do I need?
- Is my condition likely temporary or chronic?
- What's the best course of action?
- What are the alternatives to the primary approach you're suggesting?
- I have these other health conditions. How can I best manage them together?
- Should I see a specialist?
- Are there brochures or other printed material I can have? What websites do you recommend?
Don't hesitate to ask other questions.
What to expect from your doctor
Your doctor is likely to ask you questions, such as:
- When did your symptoms begin?
- Has your menstrual cycle changed, or have you stopped having your period?
- Have you gained weight?
- Have you developed new acne?
- Has the size of your breasts changed?
- Have others commented that your voice has changed?
- Are you planning to become pregnant soon?