There's no conclusive evidence that hyperbaric oxygen therapy — which involves breathing pure oxygen in a special pressurized chamber — improves the outcome of stroke.
Some researchers theorize that increasing the supply of oxygen to the parts of the brain affected by stroke may lessen brain swelling, reducing the extent of irreversible brain damage and leading to better outcomes.
But this has not been proved. Too few people have been studied to say whether hyperbaric oxygen therapy decreases the chance of dying or if it offers other benefits, such as improving the ability to perform everyday tasks.
Although hyperbaric oxygen therapy has been found useful in the treatment of a number of conditions — such as decompression sickness and carbon monoxide poisoning — more research is needed to evaluate what, if any, role it plays in stroke treatment.
Sept. 15, 2017
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- Bennett MH, et al. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy for acute ischemic stroke. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD004954.pub2/abstract. Accessed July 3, 2017.
- AskMayoExpert. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
- Majid A, et al. Pathophysiology of ischemic stroke. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed July 3, 2017.
- Swanson JW (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 12, 2017.