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Mayo Clinic has one of the largest and most experienced practices in the United States, with campuses in Arizona, Florida and Minnesota. Staff skilled in dozens of specialties work together to ensure quality care and successful recovery.

Departments with related expertise

Areas that research this procedure


Mayo Clinic's electroconvulsive therapy research group is part of the Consortium for Research in ECT, a federally-funded multisite research initiative. Current projects include investigating the efficacy of ECT and methods to prevent relapse.


See a list of publications by Mayo doctors on ECT on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.

Research Profiles

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Oct. 12, 2018
  1. What is electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)? American Psychiatric Association. Accessed Aug. 16, 2018.
  2. ECT, TMS and other brain stimulation therapies. National Alliance on Mental Illness.,-TMS-and-Other-Brain-Stimulation-Therapies. Accessed Aug. 16, 2018.
  3. Brain stimulation therapies. National Institute of Mental Health. Accessed Aug. 16, 2018.
  4. Kellner C. Overview of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) for adults. Accessed Aug. 16, 2018.
  5. Kellner C. Technique for performing electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in adults. Accessed Aug. 16, 2018.
  6. AskMayoExpert. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2017.
  7. Guidance on the use of electroconvulsive therapy. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. Accessed Aug. 16, 2018.
  8. Kolar D. Current status of electroconvulsive therapy for mood disorders: A clinical review. Evidence-Based Mental Health. 2017;20:12.
  9. Weiner RD, et al. Key updates in the clinical application of electroconvulsive therapy. International Review of Psychiatry. 2017;29:54.
  10. Rasmussen KG, et al. An open-label, pilot study of daily right unilateral ultrabrief pulse electroconvulsive therapy. Journal of ECT. 2016;32:33.
  11. Acharya D, et al. Safety and utility of acute electroconvulsive therapy for agitation and aggression in dementia. International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry. 2015;30:265.
  12. Geduldig ET, et al. Electroconvulsive therapy in the elderly: New findings in geriatric depression. Current Psychiatry Reports. 2016;18:40.
  13. Depression basics. National Institute of Mental Health. Accessed Aug. 18, 2018.
  14. Rasmussen KG Jr (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Sept. 26, 2018.

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)