Eye injury: Tips to protect vision
Eye injuries can damage vision and even cause blindness, but most can be prevented. Protect your vision with these tips.By Mayo Clinic Staff
While it's true that many eye injuries happen on the job, almost as many happen around the home. All it takes is a flying champagne cork or a shooting rubber band.
Fortunately, most eye injuries are preventable. Take simple steps to reduce the risk of an eye injury and understand when to see a doctor.
What can you do to prevent an eye injury?
Follow these safety tips to prevent eye injuries around the home.
- Wear protective eyewear during risky activities. Wear safety glasses with side shields anytime you might be exposed to flying particles, objects or dust.
- Wear goggles when exposed to chemicals. Take precautions even if you're just a bystander.
- Supervise your child's use of tools. Pencils, scissors, forks and knives can all cause serious eye injury. Keep in mind that common household items — such as paper clips, bungee cords, wire coat hangers, rubber bands and fishhooks — also can be dangerous.
In the yard
- Protect your eyes while doing yardwork. Use protective eyewear every time you operate lawnmowers, lawn trimmers and leaf blowers.
- Keep children away from flying debris. Make sure young children stay out of the yard while a lawnmower is being operated.
- Store hazardous substances out of reach. Keep fertilizers, pesticides and pool chemicals away from children at all times.
Cooking and cleaning
- Use caution with chemicals and cleaners. Carefully read the labels of chemicals and household cleaning supplies, such as bleach, before using them. Don't mix products. Keep all chemicals and sprays out of a child's reach.
- Be careful when cooking or using hot objects. Use grease shields to prevent the splattering of hot grease or oil. Avoid using a curling iron near your eyes.
- Keep sharp kitchen tools and utensils away from small children. Store them in child-proof locations, and avoid setting them down within reach of young children.
On the move
- Eliminate hazards that may cause falls. Secure rugs and railings. If a child or elderly adult lives in your home, use safety gates at the top and bottom of stairs, and consider covering sharp furniture edges and corners with a cushioning material.
- Use car seats. Make sure your child is properly secured in a car seat and that the seat belt or shoulder belt fits tightly. Don't allow a child age 12 or younger to ride in the front seat. Store loose items in your trunk or secure them to the floor of your vehicle.
- Avoid certain children's toys. Don't allow your child to play with non-powder rifles, such as pellet guns or BB guns. Avoid projectile toys, such as darts, bows and arrows, and missile-firing toys.
- Don't allow your children to use laser pointers. Laser pointers, especially those with short wave lengths such as green laser pointers, can permanently damage the retina and cause visual loss with exposures as short as a few seconds. As an adult, be cautious when using laser pointers. Avoid directing the beam toward anyone's eyes.
- Wear protective eyewear during sports. Any sport featuring a ball, puck, stick, bat, racket or flying object, is a potential risk of eye injury. Choose sports protective eyewear labeled as ASTM F803-approved. Eyewear that hasn't been tested for sports use, such as sunglasses, can cause more harm than no eyewear at all.
- Keep small children safe around dogs. When young children are bitten by dogs, eye injuries frequently occur.
- Forgo backyard fireworks. Leave fireworks to trained professionals.
- Use caution when opening a champagne bottle. Don't shake the bottle. Point the bottle at a 45-degree angle away from yourself and any bystanders. Firmly place your palm over the cork while removing the wire hood. Place a towel over the entire top of the bottle, grasp the cork and slowly twist the bottle until the cork is almost out of the neck. To prevent the cork from being discharged like a missile, maintain slight downward pressure on the cork just as it comes out of the bottle.
What are the signs and symptoms of an eye injury?
It's not always easy to identify an eye injury — especially in a child. Seek medical care immediately if you notice any of these signs or symptoms:
- Obvious pain, trouble opening the eye or trouble seeing
- A cut or torn eyelid
- One eye not moving as well as the other eye
- One eye sticking out farther or seeming more prominent than the other
- An unusual pupil size or shape
- Blood in the white part of the eye
- An object on the eye or under the eyelid that can't easily be removed
What can you do if an eye injury occurs?
When an eye injury occurs, seek medical help from an ophthalmologist or another doctor as soon as possible — even if the injury seems minor. Delaying care could lead to permanent vision loss or blindness. In addition, take simple steps to prevent further damage. For example:
- Don't touch, rub or apply pressure to the eye
- Don't try to remove an object that appears stuck on the surface of the eye or an object that appears to have penetrated the eye
- Don't apply ointment or medication to the eye
- Flush out any chemicals the eye has been exposed to with plenty of clean water
- Gently place a shield or gauze patch over the eye until you can get medical attention
An accident can happen in the blink of an eye. Being prepared — both through prevention and quick action in case of an emergency — can help keep you and your loved ones seeing clearly.
June 24, 2016
See more In-depth
- Preventing eye injuries. American Academy of Ophthalmology. http://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/preventing-injuries. Accessed May 24, 2016.
- Protective eyewear. http://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/injuries-protective-eyewear. American Academy of Ophthalmology. Accessed May 24, 2016.
- Eye injuries at home. American Academy of Ophthalmology. http://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/injuries-in-home. Accessed May 24, 2016.
- Children's eye injuries: Prevention and care. American Academy of Ophthalmology. http://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/injuries-children. Accessed May 24, 2016.
- Recognizing and treating eye injuries. American Academy of Ophthalmology. http://www.aao.org/eye-health/tips-prevention/injuries. Accessed May 24, 2016.
- Five steps to safer champagne celebrations. American Academy of Ophthalmology. http://www.aao.org/eye-health/tips-prevention/injuries-champagne. Accessed May 24, 2016.
- Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. Kliegman RM, et al. Injuries to the eye. In: Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 15, 2016.
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- Hataye AS (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. May 31, 2016.