Tests and diagnosis

By Mayo Clinic Staff

If your doctor suspects you may have prostate cancer, tests and procedures may include:

  • Imaging tests. Imaging tests may help your doctor understand the size and extent of your prostate cancer. Tests may include ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computerized tomography (CT) scan, positron emission tomography (PET) and bone scan.

    Which tests you undergo depends on your situation, such as whether you're experiencing signs and symptoms.

  • Biopsy. To confirm the diagnosis of prostate cancer, your doctor may recommend a biopsy procedure to remove a sample of suspicious cells for laboratory testing. In a lab, doctors can examine the cells and determine if they're cancerous.
May 10, 2014