Your doctor can usually diagnose a seborrheic keratosis just by looking at it. Your doctor may recommend removing it so that it can be examined under a microscope if there is a question about the diagnosis.
Treatment of a seborrheic keratosis isn't usually needed. Be careful not to rub, scratch or pick at it. This can lead to itching, pain and bleeding.
You can have a seborrheic keratosis removed if it becomes irritated or bleeds, or if you don't like how it looks or feels.
Several options are available for removing a seborrheic keratosis:
- Freezing with liquid nitrogen (cryosurgery). Cryosurgery can be an effective way to remove a seborrheic keratosis. It doesn't always work on raised, thicker growths, and it may result in discoloration of treated skin.
- Scraping the skin's surface (curettage). First your doctor will numb the area and then use a scalpel blade to remove the growth. Sometimes scraping is used along with cryosurgery to treat thinner or flat growths. It may also be used with electrocautery.
- Burning with an electric current (electrocautery). First your doctor will numb the area and then destroy the growth with electrocautery. This method can be used alone or with scraping, especially when removing thicker lesions. This procedure can leave scars if it's not done properly, and it may take slightly longer than other removal methods.
- Vaporizing the growth with a laser (ablation). Different types of laser treatments are available.
- Applying a solution of hydrogen peroxide. If you have a raised growth, your doctor may prescribe a solution of 40% hydrogen peroxide (Eskata), which is applied to the skin. The drug has been proved to be effective in removing seborrheic keratoses, but it may irritate the skin. This solution must be handled with care, as it can cause eye damage.
Preparing for your appointment
You're likely to start by seeing your primary care doctor. In some cases when you call to set up an appointment, you may be referred directly to a specialist in skin diseases (dermatologist).
Because appointments can be brief, it's a good idea to be well prepared for your appointment. Here's some information to help you get ready for your appointment.
What you can do
For a seborrheic keratosis, some basic questions to ask your doctor include:
- Are tests needed to confirm the diagnosis?
- What is the best course of action?
- Will the lesion go away on its own?
- What suspicious changes in my skin should I look for?
Don't hesitate to ask other questions that come up during your appointment.
What to expect from your doctor
Your doctor may ask:
- When did you first notice the skin lesion?
- Have you noticed multiple growths?
- Have you noticed any changes in the growth?
- Is the condition bothersome?
- Do any family members also have this condition?
Sept. 14, 2019
- Seborrheic keratoses. American Academy of Dermatology. https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/bumps-and-growths/seborrheic-keratoses. Accessed Aug. 15, 2019.
- Seborrheic keratoses. American Osteopathic College of Dermatology. https://www.aocd.org/page/SeborrheicKeratoses. Accessed Aug. 15, 2019.
- Roh NK, et al. Clinical and histopathological investigation of seborrheic keratosis. Annals of Dermatology. 2016; doi:10.5021/ad.2016.28.2.152.
- Goldstein BG, et al. Overview of benign lesions of the skin. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed Aug. 15, 2019.
- Phulari RGS, et al. Seborrheic keratosis. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology. 2014;18:327.
- AskMayoExpert. Seborrheic keratosis. Mayo Clinic; 2019.
- Baumann LS, et al. Safety and efficacy of hydrogen peroxide topical solution, 40% (w/w), in patients with seborrheic keratosis: Results from 2 identical, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 3 studies (A-101-SEBK301/302). Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2018; doi:10.1016/j.jaad.2018.05.044.
- Eskata (prescribing information) Aclaris Therapeutics; 2017. https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=52f4cc49-6553-426f-9778-0bd34e31b942. Accessed Sept. 11, 2019.
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