Lichen sclerosus (LIE-kun skluh-ROW-sus) is a condition that causes patchy, discolored, thin skin. It usually affects the genital and anal areas.

Anyone can get lichen sclerosus but postmenopausal women are at higher risk. It isn't contagious and can't be spread through sexual contact.

Treatment is usually a medicated ointment. This treatment helps return the skin to its usual color and reduces the risk of scarring. Even if your symptoms clear up, they tend to come back. So you'll likely need long-term follow-up care.


It's possible to have mild lichen sclerosus with no symptoms. When symptoms do occur, they usually affect the skin of the genital and anal areas. The back, shoulders, upper arms and breasts may also be affected. Symptoms may include:

  • Smooth discolored skin patches
  • Blotchy, wrinkled skin patches
  • Itching
  • Soreness or a burning feeling
  • Easy bruising
  • Fragile skin
  • Changes in the tube for urine flow (urethra)
  • Bleeding, blistering or open sores
  • Painful sex

When to see a doctor

See your health care provider if you have symptoms of lichen sclerosus.

If you've already been diagnosed with lichen sclerosus, see your health care provider every 6 to 12 months. These visits are important to check for any skin changes or side effects of treatment.

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The exact cause of lichen sclerosus isn't known. It's likely a combination of factors, including an overactive immune system, your genetic makeup, and previous skin damage or irritation.

Lichen sclerosus isn't contagious and can't be spread through sexual contact.

Risk factors

Anyone can get lichen sclerosus, but the risk is higher for:

  • Postmenopausal women
  • Children younger than 10 years old
  • Women who have another autoimmune disease, such as forms of low thyroid function (hypothyroidism)
  • Men with urinary incontinence or an uncircumcised penis
  • People with a family history of the disease


Complications of lichen sclerosus include painful sex and scarring, including covering of the clitoris. Scarring of the penis can cause painful erection, poor urine flow and an inability to retract the foreskin.

People with vulvar lichen sclerosus are also at an increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma.

In children, constipation is a common complication.

Sept. 29, 2022
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