Glaucoma Overview

A patient receives and eye exam at Mayo Clinic’s Glaucoma Specialty Group.

Patients with glaucoma are cared for by the specialists of the Glaucoma Program within the Mayo Clinic Department of Ophthalmology. Glaucoma is a leading cause of vision loss and blindness if unrecognized or not adequately treated.

While glaucoma can occur with high, normal or even low intraocular pressure, reduction of intraocular pressure is currently the only reliable treatment. If our specialists determine that intraocular pressure must be lowered to reduce the risk of vision loss, they may offer various forms of treatment, including medications, laser treatment or surgical intervention.


Our specialists use a full suite of techniques to diagnose, treat and monitor the progression of glaucoma. Treatment options vary depending on the type and severity of glaucoma as well as individual patient risk factors.

Procedures offered include:

  • Ahmed glaucoma valve placement
  • Baerveldt glaucoma implant surgery
  • Cataract surgery
  • Cyclophotocoagulation
  • Goniotomy
  • iStent Inject placement
  • Laser peripheral iridoplasty
  • Laser peripheral iridotomy
  • Selective laser trabeculoplasty
  • Trabeculectomy
  • Trabeculotomy
  • XEN Gel Stent placement
April 15, 2023