Can cervical cysts be cancerous?
Answers from Yvonne Butler Tobah, M.D.
Cervical cysts aren't cancerous. The most common variety is a nabothian (nuh-BOW-thee-un) cyst, which forms when normal tissue on the outer part of the cervix grows over the glandular, mucus-producing tissue of the inner part of the cervix. When mucus, fluid or tissue becomes trapped, a cyst forms.
Nabothian cysts are so common that they're considered to be a normal feature of cervical anatomy. Your doctor might discover one incidentally during a pelvic exam. In general, cervical cysts don't cause symptoms and require no treatment.
Your doctor might collect a tissue sample (biopsy) to send for lab testing if a cervical cyst or other lesion looks unusual. Other red flags include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain or pain during intercourse.
Feb. 08, 2017
Yvonne Butler Tobah, M.D.
See more Expert Answers
- Lobo RA, et al. Benign gynecologic lesions. In: Comprehensive Gynecology. 7th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 19, 2016.
- Goljan EF. Female reproductive disorders and breast disorders. Rapid Review Pathology. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 19, 2016.
- AskMayoExpert. Cervical abnormalities. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
- Laufer MR, et al. Congenital cervical anomalies and benign cervical lesions. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 19, 2016.