Tubal ligation is an abdominal operation performed with anesthesia. Risks associated with tubal ligation include:

  • Damage to the bowel, bladder or major blood vessels
  • Adverse reaction to anesthesia
  • Improper wound healing or infection
  • Prolonged pelvic or abdominal pain

You may be at higher risk of complications from a tubal ligation if:

  • You've had previous pelvic or abdominal surgery
  • You have a history of obesity or diabetes

A tubal ligation won't protect you from sexually transmitted infections.

In the first year after a tubal ligation, it's estimated that fewer than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant. The younger you are at the time of a tubal ligation, the more likely the sterilization is to fail. If you do conceive after having a tubal ligation, there's a higher chance that the pregnancy will be ectopic — when the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, usually in a fallopian tube.

Dec. 09, 2014