The bone marrow samples are sent to a laboratory for analysis. Your doctor generally gives you the results within a few days, but it may take longer.
At the lab, a hematologist or a specialist in analyzing biopsies (pathologist) will evaluate the samples to determine if your bone marrow is making enough healthy blood cells and to look for abnormal cells. The information can help your doctor:
- Confirm or rule out a diagnosis
- Determine how advanced a disease is
- Evaluate whether treatment is working
Depending on your exam results, you may need follow-up tests.
Jan. 12, 2018
- What are bone marrow tests? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/bmt. Accessed Sept. 22, 2014.
- Zehnder JL. Bone marrow aspiration and biopsy: Indications and technique. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 18, 2014.
- AskMayoExpert. What are the indications for a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy? Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
- Pfenninger JL, et al. Pfenninger and Fowler's Procedures for Primary Care. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2011. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Sept. 18, 2014.
- Hortholm N, et al. Strategies of pain reduction during the bone marrow biopsy. Annals of Hematology. 2013;92:145.