My daughter has fructose intolerance. Can you tell me which foods have fructose so that she can avoid them?
Answer From Katherine Zeratsky, R.D., L.D.
Fructose is a sugar found naturally in fruits, fruit juices, some vegetables and honey. Fructose is also a basic component in table sugar (sucrose), and high-fructose corn syrup is used to sweeten many processed foods and beverages.
When your digestive system doesn't absorb fructose properly, it can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea and gas.
People who have fructose intolerance should limit high-fructose foods, such as juices, apples, grapes, watermelon, asparagus, peas and zucchini. Some lower fructose foods — such as bananas, blueberries, strawberries, carrots, avocados, green beans and lettuce — may be tolerated in limited quantities with meals.
Read product labels carefully and avoid foods containing:
- High-fructose corn syrup
- Agave syrup
- Invert sugar
- Maple-flavored syrup
- Palm or coconut sugar
Consult a registered dietitian for a complete list of foods your daughter should eat or avoid if she has fructose intolerance. The dietitian can also help create a healthy diet plan for your daughter to make sure she gets the nutrients she needs.
Jan. 21, 2022
From Mayo Clinic to your inbox
Sign up for free, and stay up to date on research advancements, health tips and current health topics, like COVID-19, plus expertise on managing health.
ErrorEmail field is required
ErrorInclude a valid email address
To provide you with the most relevant and helpful information, and understand which
information is beneficial, we may combine your email and website usage information with
other information we have about you. If you are a Mayo Clinic patient, this could
include protected health information. If we combine this information with your protected
health information, we will treat all of that information as protected health
information and will only use or disclose that information as set forth in our notice of
privacy practices. You may opt-out of email communications at any time by clicking on
the unsubscribe link in the e-mail.
Thank you for subscribing!
You'll soon start receiving the latest Mayo Clinic health information you requested in your inbox.
Sorry something went wrong with your subscription
Please, try again in a couple of minutes
See more Expert Answers
- Food allergies and intolerances 105: Fructose malabsorption. American Gastroenterological Association. http://www.gastro.org/info_for_patients/food-allergies-and-intolerances-105-fructose-malabsorption. Accessed Nov. 7, 2016.
- Barbara Woodward Lips Patient Education Center. Fructose malabsorption. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2012.
- Fructose intolerance. Nutrition Care Manual. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. http://nutritioncaremanual.org/index.cfm. Accessed Nov. 9, 2016.
- Mason JB, et al. Overview of the treatment of malabsorption. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 7, 2016.