Descripción general

En una cirugía mínimamente invasiva, los médicos aplican una gran variedad de técnicas para realizar operaciones que produzcan menos daños en el cuerpo que una cirugía abierta. En general, la cirugía mínimamente invasiva está relacionada con menos dolor, una estadía más corta en el hospital y menos complicaciones.

La laparoscopía (una cirugía que se realiza a través de una o más incisiones pequeñas con tubos pequeños, y cámaras e instrumentos quirúrgicos diminutos) fue uno de los primeros tipos de cirugía mínimamente invasiva. Otro tipo de cirugía mínimamente invasiva es la cirugía robótica. Proporciona una visión 3D amplificada del área de la cirugía y ayuda al cirujano a operar con precisión, flexibilidad y control.

Las innovaciones continuas en la cirugía mínimamente invasiva proporcionan beneficios para los pacientes que sufren una gran variedad de enfermedades. Si necesitas cirugía y piensas que puedes ser un candidato para este enfoque, consulta con tu médico.

Tipos de cirugía mínimamente invasiva

Los cirujanos realizan muchas cirugías mínimamente invasivas, entre ellas:

El enfoque de Mayo Clinic

Tipos

Por qué se realiza

La cirugía mínimamente invasiva surgió en la década de los ochenta como una técnica segura y efectiva para satisfacer las necesidades quirúrgicas de muchos pacientes. En los últimos 20 años, muchos cirujanos comenzaron a preferir este tipo de cirugía a la cirugía tradicional (abierta), que requiere incisiones más grandes y, generalmente, una estadía más prolongada en el hospital.

Desde entonces, el uso de la cirugía mínimamente invasiva se expandió en gran medida en muchas especialidades quirúrgicas, incluso en la cirugía de colon y de pulmón. Consulta con tu médico si serías un buen candidato para este enfoque quirúrgico.

Riesgos

En la cirugía mínimamente invasiva se realizan incisiones quirúrgicas pequeñas y, generalmente, son menos riesgosas que una cirugía tradicional. Sin embargo, incluso en una cirugía mínimamente invasiva, existen riesgos de complicaciones con la anestesia, sangrado e infección.

La experiencia de Mayo Clinic y nuestros pacientes cuentan su historia

Nuestros pacientes nos informan que la calidad de sus interacciones, nuestra atención al detalle y la eficiencia de sus visitas constituyen un cuidado de la salud que nunca han experimentado. Mira las historias de pacientes satisfechos de Mayo Clinic.

  1. Freed From Lymphedema by Unique, Minimally Invasive Surgery

      Joni Carithers was forced to deal with swelling in her arm due to lymphedema for years following breast cancer surgery. But in 2016, microsurgery at Mayo Clinic finally relieved the discomfort that had vexed her for so long. Joni Kay Carithers is the kind of person who doesn't let anything get in her way, [...]

  2. Walking Easy Again After Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

    After a 37-year career at a petroleum company, Dan Hofferber was looking forward to retirement. But in 2014, Dan started having trouble with one of his legs. The muscle in his left thigh would tighten up, causing unbearable pain that made it hard to walk. ?I was used to walking a mile or two, and [...]

  3. Body Builder Regains Energy After Surgery for Myasthenia Gravis

    Six years ago, Robert Clark thought he was having a stroke. His left eye drooped shut, and he began to have difficulty swallowing. A competitive body builder used to working out six times a week, Robert rarely got sick. So when a local physician dismissed his symptoms, he sought out a friend who worked at [...]

Dec. 30, 2017
References
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Cirugía mínimamente invasiva