A sty is a bacterial infection involving one or more of the small glands near the base of your eyelashes. It is similar to a boil or a pimple and is often painful.
A sty is a red, painful lump near the edge of your eyelid that may look like a boil or a pimple. Sties are often filled with pus. A sty usually forms on the outside of your eyelid, but sometimes it can form on the inner part of your eyelid.
In most cases, a sty will begin to disappear on its own in a couple days. In the meantime, you may be able to relieve the pain or discomfort of a sty by applying a warm washcloth to your eyelid.
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Signs and symptoms of a sty include:
- A red lump on your eyelid that is similar to a boil or a pimple
- Eyelid pain
- Eyelid swelling
Another condition that causes inflammation of the eyelid is a chalazion. A chalazion occurs when there's a blockage in one of the small oil glands near the eyelashes. Unlike a sty, a chalazion usually isn't painful and tends to be most prominent on the inner side of the eyelid. Treatment for both conditions is similar.
When to see a doctor
Most sties are harmless to your eye and won't affect your ability to see clearly. Try self-care measures first, such as applying a warm washcloth to your closed eyelid for five to 10 minutes several times a day and gently massaging the eyelid. Contact your doctor if:
- The sty doesn't start to improve after 48 hours
- Redness and swelling involves the entire eyelid or extends into your cheek or other parts of your face
A sty is caused by an infection of oil glands in the eyelid. The bacterium staphylococcus is commonly responsible for most of these infections.
You are at increased risk of a sty if you:
- Touch your eyes with unwashed hands
- Insert your contact lenses without thoroughly disinfecting them or washing your hands first
- Leave on eye makeup overnight
- Use old or expired cosmetics
- Have blepharitis, a chronic inflammation along the edge of the eyelid
- Have rosacea, a skin condition characterized by facial redness
To prevent eye infections:
- Wash your hands. Wash your hands with soap and warm water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer several times each day. Keep your hands away from your eyes.
- Take care with cosmetics. Reduce your risk of recurrent eye infections by throwing away old cosmetics. Don't share your cosmetics with others. Don't wear eye makeup overnight.
- Make sure your contact lenses are clean. If you wear contact lenses, wash your hands thoroughly before handling your contacts and follow your doctor's advice on disinfecting them.
- Apply warm compresses. If you've had a sty before, using a warm compress regularly may help prevent it from coming back.
- Manage blepharitis. If you have blepharitis, follow your doctor's instructions for caring for your eyes.
July 15, 2020
- Yanoff M, et al., eds. Benign eyelid lesions. In: Ophthalmology. 5th ed. Elsevier; 2019. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed April 28, 2020.
- Chalazion and hordeolum. Merck Manual Professional Edition. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/eye-disorders/eyelid-and-lacrimal-disorders/chalazion-and-hordeolum-stye. Accessed April 27, 2020.
- Fowler GC, et al., eds. Chalazion and hordeolum. In: Pfenninger and Fowler's Procedures for Primary Care. 4th ed. Elsevier; 2020. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed April 28, 2020.
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- How to use cosmetics safely around your eyes. American Academy of Ophthalmology. https://www.aao.org/eye-health/tips-prevention/eye-makeup. Accessed April 28, 2020.
- What you need to know about contact lens hygiene and compliance. American Optometric Association. https://www.aoa.org/patients-and-public/caring-for-your-vision/contact-lenses/what-you-need-to-know-about-contact-lens-hygiene-and-compliance. Accessed April 28, 2020.
- Chalazia and stye treatment. American Academy of Ophthalmology. https://www.aao.org/eye-health/diseases/chalazion-stye-treatment. Accessed April 28, 2020.
- Softing Hataye AL (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic. June 28, 2020.
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