Treatments and drugs

By Mayo Clinic Staff

The only way to prevent an allergic reaction is to avoid milk and milk proteins. This can be difficult because milk is a common ingredient in many foods. Also, some people with a milk allergy can tolerate milk in some forms, such as milk that's heated in baked goods, or some processed foods, such as yogurt. Talk to your doctor about what to avoid.

Despite your best efforts, if you or your child accidentally consumes milk, medications such as antihistamines may reduce mild signs and symptoms of an allergic reaction. Taken after exposure to milk, an antihistamine may help relieve discomfort.

If you or your child has a serious allergic reaction (anaphylaxis), you may need an emergency injection of epinephrine (adrenaline) and a trip to the emergency room. If you're at risk of having a severe reaction, you or your child may need to carry injectable epinephrine (such as EpiPen, Auvi-Q, others) at all times. Have your doctor or pharmacist demonstrate how to use this device so that you're prepared for an emergency.

Aug. 07, 2014