To gather more information about your jaw tumor or cyst, your doctor may recommend tests prior to treatment. These test may include:

  • Imaging studies, such as X-ray, CT or MRI
  • A biopsy to remove a sample of tumor or cyst cells for laboratory analysis

Your doctor uses this information to put together a treatment plan that's best for you and the most effective option for treating your tumor or cyst.


Treatment options for jaw tumors and cysts vary, depending on the type of lesion you have, the lesion's stage of growth and your symptoms. Your treatment team also considers your treatment goals and your personal preferences when making a treatment recommendation.

Treatment of jaw tumors and cysts generally involves surgical care. In some cases, treatment may be medical therapy or a combination of surgery and medical therapy.

During surgery, your doctor removes your jaw tumor or cyst, which may include removing nearby teeth, tissue and jawbone, and sends it to the lab for examination. A pathologist examines the removed tissue and reports a diagnosis during the procedure so that the surgeon can act on this information immediately.

Other treatments may include:

  • Reconstruction of the jawbone or other structures
  • Medical therapy for certain types of jaw tumors and cysts
  • Supportive care to help maintain your quality of life, including assisting with nutrition, speech and swallowing, and replacements for missing teeth

Lifelong follow-up exams after treatment can address any recurrence of jaw tumors and cysts early.

Mayo Clinic doctors will work with you to review all of your treatment options and choose the approach that best suits your needs and goals.

Clinical trials

Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this disease.

Jaw tumors and cysts care at Mayo Clinic

Dec. 11, 2018
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  2. Sharif FNJ, et al. Interventions for the treatment of keratocystic odontogenic tumours. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://www.thecochranelibrary.com. Accessed Sept. 24, 2018.
  3. Covello P, et al. Recent trends in the treatment of benign odontogenic tumors. Current Opinion in Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery. 2016;24:343.
  4. Martin LHC, et al. Odontogenic cysts: An update. Diagnostic Histopathology. 2017;23:260.
  5. Thomas N, et al. Gorlin-Goltz syndrome: An often missed diagnosis. Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery. 2016;6:120.
  6. Wright JM, et al. Update from the 4th edition of the World Health Organization Classification of Health and Neck Tumours: Odontogenic and maxillofacial bone tumors. Head and Neck Pathology. 2017;11:68.
  7. Isola G, et al. Association between odontoma and impacted teeth. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery. 2017;28:755.
  8. Francisco ALN, et al. Clinicopathologic analysis of 14 cases of odontogenic myxoma and review of the literature. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5410678/. Accessed Sept. 28, 2018.
  9. Daroit NB, et al. The challenge in the treatment of central giant cell granuloma ― What is the best approach? Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Medicine, and Pathology. 2017;29:122.
  10. Baskaran P, et al. Aggressive central giant cell granuloma of the mandible, a diagnostic dilemma. Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology. 2015;3:88.
  11. Gohel A, et al. Benign jaw lesions. Dental Clinics of North America. 2016;60:125.
  12. Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary. 32nd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: W.B. Saunders; 2011. https://dorlands.com/index.jsp. Accessed Oct. 1, 2018.
  13. Arce K, et al. Pediatric odontogenic cysts of the jaws. Oral and Maxillofacial Surgical Clinics of North America. 2016;28:21.
  14. Ettinger KS (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 26, 2018.


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