Several types of diseases and conditions can cause pelvic pain. Often chronic pelvic pain results from more than one condition.

Pelvic pain may arise from your digestive, reproductive or urinary system. Recently, doctors have recognized that some pelvic pain, particularly chronic pelvic pain, may also arise from muscles and connective tissue (ligaments) in the structures of the pelvic floor. Occasionally, pelvic pain may be caused by irritation of nerves in the pelvis.

Female reproductive system
Pelvic pain arising from the female reproductive system may be caused by conditions such as:

  1. Adenomyosis
  2. Endometriosis
  3. Menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea)
  4. Ectopic pregnancy (or other pregnancy-related conditions)
  5. Miscarriage (before the 20th week) or intrauterine fetal death
  6. Mittelschmerz (ovulation pain)
  7. Ovarian cancer
  8. Ovarian cysts
  9. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
  10. Uterine fibroids
  11. Vulvodynia

Other causes in women or men
Examples of other possible causes of pelvic pain — in women or men — include:

  1. Appendicitis
  2. Colon cancer
  3. Chronic constipation
  4. Crohn's disease
  5. Diverticulitis
  6. Fibromyalgia
  7. Inguinal hernia
  8. Interstitial cystitis (also called painful bladder syndrome)
  9. Intestinal obstruction
  10. Irritable bowel syndrome
  11. Kidney stones
  12. Past physical or sexual abuse
  13. Pelvic floor muscle spasms
  14. Prostatitis
  15. Ulcerative colitis
  16. Urinary tract infection

Causes shown here are commonly associated with this symptom. Work with your doctor or other health care professional for an accurate diagnosis.

May. 18, 2013