Lifestyle and home remedies
Some research suggests that concentrated supplements of good bacteria and yeasts (probiotics) can help prevent C. difficile infection, but more studies are needed for their use in treating recurrences. They are safe to use and available in capsule or liquid form without a prescription.
To cope with the diarrhea and dehydration that can occur with pseudomembranous colitis, try to:
- Drink plenty of fluids. Water is best, but fluids with added sodium and potassium (electrolytes) also may be beneficial. Avoid beverages that are high in sugar or contain alcohol or caffeine, such as coffee, tea and colas, which can aggravate your symptoms.
- Choose soft, easy-to-digest foods. These include applesauce, bananas and rice. Avoid high-fiber foods, such as beans, nuts and vegetables. If you feel your symptoms are improving, slowly add high-fiber foods back to your diet.
- Eat several small meals, rather than a few large meals. Space the smaller meals throughout the day.
- Avoid irritating foods. Stay away from spicy, fatty or fried foods, and any other foods that make your symptoms worse.
Jan. 08, 2016
- Feldman M, et al. Antibiotic-associated diarrhea and Clostridium difficile infection. In: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 8, 2015.
- Clostridium difficile-induced diarrhea. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/infectious-diseases/anaerobic-bacteria/i-clostridium-difficile-i-induced-diarrhea. Accessed Oct. 8, 2015.
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- Chraka CNA, et al. Risk factors for recurrence, complications and mortality in Clostridium difficile infection: A systematic review. PLOS One. 2014; 9: e98400.
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- Davidson LE, et al. Clostridium difficile and probiotics. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 5, 2015.
- Soriano MM, et al. Treatment of Clostridium difficile infections. Infectious Disease Clinics of North America. 2015;29:93.
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- Kelly CP, et al. Clostridium difficile in adults: Treatment. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 5, 2015.
- Wilkinson JM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 5, 2014.