概述

发生急性肾衰竭时,患者肾脏会突然丧失过滤功能,无法自血液中过滤废物。当肾脏失去过滤能力时,血液中的废物可能会积聚至危险水平,化学构成也可能失衡。

急性肾衰竭又称急性肾损伤,病情通常发展迅速,往往出现在几天之内。急性肾衰竭最常见于已经住院的患者,尤其是需要重症监护的危重病人。

急性肾衰竭可能致命,需要强化治疗。不过,急性肾衰竭也可能得到逆转。如果您在其他方面身体健康,则有可能会恢复正常或接近正常的肾功能。

July 30, 2022
  1. Ferri FF. Acute kidney injury. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2020. Elsevier; 2020. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 16, 2020.
  2. Goldman L, et al., eds. Acute kidney injury. In: Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Elsevier; 2020. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 16, 2020.
  3. Acute kidney injury. American Kidney Fund. http://www.kidneyfund.org/kidney-disease/kidney-problems/acute-kidney-injury.html. Accessed May 15, 2018.
  4. Acute kidney injury. The Merck Manual Professional Edition. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/acute-kidney-injury/acute-kidney-injury-aki. Accessed May 15, 2018.
  5. Negi S, et al. Acute kidney injury: Epidemiology, outcomes, complications, and therapeutic strategies. Seminars in Dialysis. 2018; doi: 10.1111/sdi.12705.
  6. Kidney-friendly diet for CKD. American Kidney Fund. http://www.kidneyfund.org/kidney-disease/chronic-kidney-disease-ckd/kidney-friendly-diet-for-ckd.html. Accessed May 15, 2018.
  7. Palevsky PM, et al. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19): Issues related to kidney disease and hypertension. https://www.uptodate.com/contents/search. Accessed July 16, 2020.

相关

相关医疗程序