Often a report of high blood potassium isn't true hyperkalemia. Instead, it may be caused by the rupture of blood cells in the blood sample during or shortly after the blood draw. The ruptured cells leak their potassium into the sample. This falsely raises the amount of potassium in the blood sample, even though the potassium level in your body is actually normal. When this is suspected, a repeat blood sample is done.

The most common cause of genuinely high potassium (hyperkalemia) is related to your kidneys, such as:

  1. Nefropatía crónica

Other causes of hyperkalemia include:

  1. Enfermedad de Addison (adrenal failure)
  2. Inhibidores de la enzima convertidora de la angiotensina
  3. Bloqueantes de los receptores de la angiotensina II
  4. Betabloqueantes
  5. Deshidratación
  6. Destruction of red blood cells due to severe injury or burns
  7. Excessive use of potassium supplements
  8. Type 1 diabetes

Las causas que aquí se muestran se asocian comúnmente con este síntoma. Trabaja con tu médico u otro profesional de atención médica para obtener un diagnóstico preciso.

Nov. 25, 2014