The diagnosis of sleep-related eating disorder may include:
- Physical exam. Your doctor asks questions about your medical history to rule out possible underlying causes of sleep-related eating disorder.
- Sleep habits review. In addition to asking you sleep-related questions, your doctor may have you complete a questionnaire to determine your sleep-wake pattern and level of daytime sleepiness. You may also be asked to keep a sleep diary for a couple of weeks. Information from your sleep partner, parent or other household members may be helpful.
- Sleep study. Your doctor will likely recommend a video-recorded sleep study called polysomnography. This test monitors and records a variety of body activities while you sleep, including brain waves, breathing, heartbeat, eye movements and body movements.
Your treatment may include:
- Discontinuing medications that can be triggers. This may involve stopping or changing current medications that may be contributing to your sleep-related eating disorder.
- Treating other sleep disorders. Sleep-related eating disorder may be reduced by treating other sleep disorders that are often associated with it, such as sleepwalking, restless legs syndrome or obstructive sleep apnea.
- Safety strategies. Your doctor may recommend strategies to ensure safety and offer education to your bed partner and household members on how to safely and gently coax you back to bed without using restraint or awakening you. Strategies may also include changes to your sleep routine.
- Medications. If other strategies haven't been successful, your doctor may recommend medications. The type of drug depends on the cause of your sleep-related eating disorder and whether you also have another type of eating or sleep disorder.
Lifestyle and home remedies
In addition to your treatment plan, lifestyle changes that may help include:
- Environmental changes. Make your sleep area and kitchen safer to avoid injury. Also, consider storing foods typically eaten during a sleep-related eating disorder episode outside the kitchen or placing locks on cabinets and the fridge.
- Good sleep habits. Develop regular sleep and wake times. Try to go to bed and get up at the same time each day, including weekends. Get enough sleep every night.
- Focus on staying healthy. For example, avoid alcohol and tobacco.
Preparing for your appointment
If you're having sleep problems, you may start by talking to your primary care doctor. Take your bed partner along, if possible. Your doctor may want to talk to your partner to learn more about your sleep experiences and to help determine if other sleep disorders may exist, such as obstructive sleep apnea.
What you can do
Ask your doctor if there's anything you need to do in advance, such as keep a sleep diary. Prepare for your appointment by making a list of:
- Any symptoms you're experiencing, including any that may seem unrelated to the reason for the appointment.
- Personal information, including new or ongoing health problems, major stresses, or recent life changes.
- All medications, including over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and herbal or other supplements that you're taking and their dosages. Let your doctor know about anything you've taken to help you sleep.
- Questions to ask your doctor to make the most of your appointment time.
Basic questions to ask your doctor may include:
- What is likely causing my symptoms?
- What's the best treatment?
- I have these other health conditions. How can I best manage them together?
- Should I go to a sleep clinic? Will my insurance cover it?
- Are there any brochures or other printed material that I can have?
- What websites do you recommend?
Don't hesitate to ask other questions during your appointment.
What to expect from your doctor
Your doctor may ask you several questions. Be ready to answer them to spend time on areas you want to focus on. Some questions your doctor may ask include:
- Do you have evidence of eating during the night without memory of the event?
- Has this impacted your health or weight?
- During an episode, what types of things do you eat?
- Have you been injured during an episode?
- What medications are you taking?
- Have you ever been diagnosed with a sleep disorder or an eating disorder?
- Have you experienced sleepwalking in the past?
- Have you experienced restless legs symptoms in the past?
- Have you been told of any breathing issues during your sleep, such as loud snoring, choking, gasping or breathing pauses?
Feb. 03, 2018
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- Foldvary-Schaefer N. Disorders of arousal from non-rapid eye movement sleep in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 24, 2017.
- Howell MJ. Restless eating, restless legs, and sleep related eating disorder. Current Obesity Reports. 2014;3:108.
- Takaesu Y, et al. Prevalence of and factors associated with sleep-related eating disorder in psychiatric outpatients taking hypnotics. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry. 2016;77:e892.
- Chiaro G, et al, Treatment of sleep-related eating disorder. Current Treatment Options in Neurology. 2015;17:33.
- Sateia M. Sleep related eating disorder. In: International Classification of Sleep Disorders. 3rd ed. Darien, Ill.: American Academy of Sleep Medicine; 2014. http://www.aasmnet.org/EBooks/ICSD3. Accessed Jan. 30, 2017.
- Olson EJ (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 6, 2017.
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