Heart valve disease care at Mayo Clinic

Your Mayo Clinic care team

Mayo Clinic doctors trained in heart disease (cardiologists), heart surgery (cardiac surgeons) and other heart valve disease specialists collaborate as a multidisciplinary team to provide you with coordinated, comprehensive care. This collaborative approach means doctors can often evaluate you and develop a treatment plan within two or three days.

Individualized approach

Doctors at Mayo Clinic provide care for you as a whole person. Doctors take the time to get to know you and work with you to provide exactly the care you need.

Advanced diagnosis and treatment

At Mayo Clinic, cardiologists, cardiac surgeons and other specialists work together to diagnose and treat people with heart valve disease. Your treatment team works with you to determine the most appropriate treatment plan for your condition. Mayo Clinic doctors offer many diagnostic tests and treatment options for heart valve disease, including aortic valve disease, mitral valve disease, pulmonary valve disease and tricuspid valve disease.

Mayo Clinic doctors use advanced imaging techniques, including echocardiography, 3-D echocardiography and transesophageal echocardiography, to accurately diagnose heart valve disease and other heart conditions. Mayo doctors perform more than 90,000 echocardiograms each year.

Innovative heart valve surgery

Mayo Clinic heart surgeons have experience and training in innovative techniques used to perform heart valve surgery. Mayo surgeons perform more than 500 mitral valve repairs and replacements each year. When possible, surgeons repair heart valves instead of replacing valves.

Mayo surgeons may sometimes perform minimally invasive heart surgery, which involves the use of smaller incisions than those used in open-heart surgery. In some cases, doctors may use robot-assisted heart surgery — a type of minimally invasive heart surgery that involves the use of robotic instruments — to repair heart valves.

Mayo doctors may conduct less invasive procedures using long, thin tubes (catheters) to repair or replace certain heart valves. For example, doctors may use clips or plugs to repair some heart valves during catheter procedures.

To replace a narrowed aortic valve, doctors may use a catheter procedure called transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). In TAVR, doctors insert a catheter in your leg or chest and guide it to your heart. A replacement valve is then inserted through the catheter and guided to your heart. A balloon may expand the valve, or some valves can self-expand. When the valve is implanted, doctors remove the catheter from your blood vessel.

Doctors may also perform a catheter procedure to insert a valve in a biological tissue replacement valve that is no longer working. Mayo doctors continue to study new catheter procedures to repair or replace heart valves.

Expertise and rankings

Expertise and experience

Mayo Clinic cardiologists, cardiac surgeons and others have experience diagnosing and treating all types of heart valve disease. Mayo doctors evaluate or treat more than 31,500 people each year with heart valve disease.

Treatment expertise

Mayo doctors in the Valvular Heart Disease Clinic have extensive experience and expertise evaluating and treating people with heart valve disease. A multidisciplinary team of cardiologists, cardiac surgeons and other medical staff trained and experienced in evaluating and treating heart valve disease collaborate to provide your care.

Treatment in children

Doctors at Mayo Clinic's campus in Minnesota have treated children with congenital heart disease for many years. Pediatric cardiologists and pediatric cardiac surgeons at Mayo Clinic's campus in Minnesota have extensive experience evaluating and treating children with heart disease.

Research and innovation

Mayo doctors have been pioneers in many types of heart valve surgery, such as mitral valve repair and aortic valve repair, for many years.

Mayo doctors have continued this tradition of research and innovation in heart valve disease. Doctors have researched innovative types of heart valve repair and replacement. Researchers study new procedures to repair or replace heart valves using catheter procedures, minimally invasive heart surgery and other surgical techniques.

Doctors at Mayo Clinic continue to study new diagnostic tests and treatment options for heart valve disease and conduct clinical trials.

Nationally recognized expertise

Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., Mayo Clinic in Phoenix/Scottsdale, Ariz., and Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., are ranked among the Best Hospitals for heart and heart surgery by U.S. News & World Report. Mayo Clinic Children's Center in Rochester, Minn., is ranked among the Best Children's Hospitals for heart and heart surgery by U.S. News & World Report.

With Mayo Clinic's emphasis on collaborative care, specialists at each of the campuses — Minnesota, Arizona and Florida — interact very closely with colleagues at the other campuses and the Mayo Clinic Health System.

Learn more about Mayo Clinic's cardiac surgery and cardiovascular diseases departments' expertise and rankings.

Locations, travel and lodging

Mayo Clinic has major campuses in Phoenix and Scottsdale, Arizona; Jacksonville, Florida; and Rochester, Minnesota. The Mayo Clinic Health System has dozens of locations in several states.

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Costs and insurance

Mayo Clinic works with hundreds of insurance companies and is an in-network provider for millions of people.

In most cases, Mayo Clinic doesn't require a physician referral. Some insurers require referrals, or may have additional requirements for certain medical care. All appointments are prioritized on the basis of medical need.

Learn more about appointments at Mayo Clinic.

Please contact your insurance company to verify medical coverage and to obtain any needed authorization prior to your visit. Often, your insurer's customer service number is printed on the back of your insurance card.