Why it's done

Surgeons use the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery technique to perform a variety of operations, such as:

  • Biopsy to diagnose lung cancer, mesothelioma and other chest cancers
  • Esophagus surgery (esophagectomy)
  • Hiatal hernia repair
  • Lung surgery, such as surgery to treat lung cancer and lung volume reduction surgery
  • Procedures to remove excess fluid or air from the area around the lungs
  • Surgery to relieve excessive sweating (hyperhidrosis)
  • Surgery to relieve gastroesophageal reflux disease
  • Thymus gland removal surgery (thymectomy)

When compared with a traditional open operation (thoracotomy), video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery may result in less pain and shorten recovery time.

Oct. 21, 2016
References
  1. Demmy T, et al. Overview of video assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS). http://www.uptodate.com. Accessed Aug. 2, 2016.
  2. Lewis MI, et al. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. In: Medical Management of the Thoracic Surgery Patient. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2010. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 2, 2016.
  3. Miller DL, et al. Videothoracoscopic wedge excision of the lung. Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 1992;54:410.
  4. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 26, 2016.
  5. Cameron JL, et al. Video-assisted thoracic surgery. In: Current Surgical Therapy. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier Saunders; 2014.
  6. Linx Reflux Management System – P100049. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/MedicalDevices/ProductsandMedicalProcedures/DeviceApprovalsandClearances/Recently-ApprovedDevices/ucm300790.htm. Accessed Aug. 3, 2016.
  7. Sheu EG, et al. Evaluation of the LINX antireflux procedure. Current Opinion in Gastroenterology. 2015;31:334.
  8. Makdisi G, et al. Successful resection of giant mediastinal lipofibroadenoma of the thymus by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Annals of Thoracic Surgery. 2015;100:698.