Stereotactic radiosurgery uses numerous precisely focused radiation beams to treat tumors and other problems in the brain and other parts of the body.

Stereotactic radiosurgery focuses many beams of radiation at the tumor, delivering high doses of radiation to the target area with minimal exposure to the healthy tissue that surrounds it. Treatment to the brain and spine is typically completed in a single session. Treatments to other parts of the body may involve multiple sessions.

When doctors use stereotactic radiosurgery to treat tumors in areas of the body other than the brain, it's sometimes called stereotactic body radiotherapy or stereotactic ablative radiotherapy.

Stereotactic radiosurgery is used to treat:

Doctors use two types of technology to deliver stereotactic radiosurgery. A Gamma Knife machine uses gamma rays to treat cancerous and noncancerous brain abnormalities. A linear accelerator (LINAC) machine uses X-rays to treat cancerous and noncancerous abnormalities in the brain and other parts of the body.

Read more about Gamma Knife radiosurgery.

  • Teamwork. At Mayo Clinic, radiation oncologists, neurosurgeons and radiologists work together as a team to care for people undergoing stereotactic radiosurgery. Other professionals are included as needed.
  • Experience. Mayo Clinic doctors have extensive experience using stereotactic radiosurgery for tumors and other abnormalities in the brain and other parts of the body. Each year, more than 700 people undergo stereotactic radiosurgery at Mayo Clinic.
  • Advanced planning technology. Mayo Clinic doctors have access to the latest imaging technology to help with treatment planning. Doctors use CT, MRI and other advanced imaging to create a plan for treatment that targets the abnormality and spares the nearby healthy tissue.

Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., is ranked among the Best Hospitals for neurology and neurosurgery by U.S. News & World Report. Mayo Clinic in Scottsdale, Ariz., and Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Fla., are ranked high performing for neurology and neurosurgery by U.S. News & World Report. Mayo Clinic also ranks among the Best Children's Hospitals for neurology and neurosurgery.

At Mayo Clinic, we assemble a team of specialists who take the time to listen and thoroughly understand your health issues and concerns. We tailor the care you receive to your personal health care needs. You can trust our specialists to collaborate and offer you the best possible outcomes, safety and service.

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Mayo Clinic works with hundreds of insurance companies and is an in-network provider for millions of people. In most cases, Mayo Clinic doesn't require a physician referral. Some insurers require referrals or may have additional requirements for certain medical care. All appointments are prioritized on the basis of medical need.

At Mayo Clinic in Arizona, experts in radiation oncology, neurosurgery and other specialties work together to provide LINAC-based stereotactic radiosurgery and stereotactic body radiotherapy.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 800-446-2279 (toll-free) 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Mountain Standard Time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

At Mayo Clinic in Florida, experts in radiation oncology, neurosurgery and other specialties work together to provide LINAC-based stereotactic radiosurgery and stereotactic body radiotherapy.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 904-953-0853 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Eastern time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

At Mayo Clinic in Minnesota, experts in radiation oncology, neurosurgery and other specialties work together to provide Gamma Knife radiosurgery, as well as LINAC-based stereotactic radiosurgery and stereotactic body radiotherapy.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 507-538-3270 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. Central time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

See information on patient services at the three Mayo Clinic locations, including transportation options and lodging.

Doctors and scientists at Mayo Clinic are studying new ways to use and to improve radiosurgery. Mayo Clinic researchers study stereotactic radiosurgery for brain abnormalities and stereotactic body radiotherapy for abnormalities in other areas of the body.

Mayo Clinic doctors working in neurology research and cancer research have contributed greatly to the understanding of stereotactic radiosurgery.

Publications

See a list of publications by Mayo Clinic authors on stereotactic radiosurgery on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.

Mar. 07, 2014