There are risk factors that increase your chances of developing a heart murmur, including:
- Family history of a heart defect. If blood relatives have had a heart defect, that increases the likelihood you or your child may also have a heart defect and heart murmur.
- Certain medical conditions, including uncontrolled high blood pressure (hypertension), hyperthyroidism, an infection of the lining of the heart (endocarditis), high blood pressure in the lungs (pulmonary hypertension), carcinoid syndrome, hypereosinophilic syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, a weakened heart muscle or a history of rheumatic fever, can increase your risk of a heart murmur later in life.
Factors that increase your baby's risk of developing a heart murmur include:
April 03, 2015
- Illnesses during pregnancy. Having some conditions during pregnancy, such as uncontrolled diabetes or a rubella infection, increases your baby's risk of developing heart defects and a heart murmur.
- Taking certain medications or illegal drugs during pregnancy. Use of certain medications, alcohol or drugs can harm a developing baby, leading to heart defects.
- What is a heart murmur? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/heartmurmur. Accessed Feb. 24, 2015.
- Marx JA, et al. Cardiac disorders. In: Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 25, 2015.
- Chatterjee K. Auscultation of cardiac murmurs. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 25, 2015.
- Gladman G. Management of asymptomatic heart murmurs. Paediatrics and Child Health. 2012;23:64.
- Heart murmurs. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/CardiovascularConditionsofChildhood/Heart-Murmurs_UCM_314208_Article.jsp#.T4evW9Vr7To. Accessed Feb. 24, 2015.
- Naik RJ, et al. Teenage heart murmurs. Pediatric Clinics of North America. 2014;61:1.
- Hiremath G, et al. When to call the cardiologist: Treatment approaches to neonatal heart murmur. Pediatric Annals. 2013;42:329.
- Nishimura RA, et al. 2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2014;63:e57.
- Your guide to living well with heart disease. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/resources/heart/living-with-heart-disease-html. Accessed Feb. 27, 2015.
- Medications for heart valve symptoms. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/HeartValveProblemsandDisease/Medications-for-Heart-Valve-Symptoms_UCM_450684_Article.jsp. Accessed Feb. 27, 2015.
- Options for heart valve repair. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/HeartValveProblemsandDisease/Options-for-Heart-Valve-Repair_UCM_450811_Article.jsp. Accessed Feb. 27, 2015.
- Options for heart valve replacement. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/HeartValveProblemsandDisease/Options-for-Heart-Valve-Replacement_UCM_450816_Article.jsp. Accessed Feb. 27, 2015.
- Options and considerations for heart valve surgery. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/HeartValveProblemsandDisease/Options-and-Considerations-for-Heart-Valve-Surgery_UCM_450787_Article.jsp. Accessed March 1, 2015.
- What is TAVR? American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/HeartValveProblemsandDisease/What-is-TAVR_UCM_450827_Article.jsp. Accessed March 1, 2015.
- Infective endocarditis. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/CongenitalHeartDefects/TheImpactofCongenitalHeartDefects/Infective-Endocarditis_UCM_307108_Article.jsp. Accessed March 1, 2015.
- Mankad R (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 3, 2015.
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