Treatment

Heart disease treatments vary by condition. For instance, if you have a heart infection, you'll likely be given antibiotics. In general, treatment for heart disease usually includes:

  • Lifestyle changes. These include eating a low-fat and low-sodium diet, getting at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise on most days of the week, quitting smoking, and limiting alcohol intake.
  • Medications. If lifestyle changes alone aren't enough, your doctor may prescribe medications to control your heart disease. The type of medication will depend on the type of heart disease.
  • Medical procedures or surgery. If medications aren't enough, it's possible your doctor will recommend specific procedures or surgery. The type of procedure will depend on the type of heart disease and the extent of the damage to your heart.
Aug. 02, 2017
References
  1. What is cardiovascular disease? American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Support/What-is-Cardiovascular-Disease_UCM_301852_Article.jsp#.WRG85mnyt0w. Accessed May 3, 2017.
  2. Your guide to living well with heart disease. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/resources/heart/living-with-heart-disease. Accessed May 3, 2017.
  3. What are heart disease and stroke? American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/What-Are-Heart-Disease-and-Stroke_UCM_308835_Article.jsp#.WRG99Wnyt0w. Accessed May 3, 2017.
  4. How does heart disease affect women? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hdw. Accessed May 5, 2017.
  5. Symptoms, diagnosis and monitoring of arrhythmia. American Heart Association.http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Arrhythmia/SymptomsDiagnosisMonitoringofArrhythmia/Symptoms-Diagnosis-Monitoring-of-Arrhythmia_UCM_002025_Article.jsp#.WQ0yvWnyt0w. Accessed May 3, 2017.
  6. Overview of congenital cardiovascular anomalies. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/pediatrics/congenital-cardiovascular-anomalies/overview-of-congenital-cardiovascular-anomalies. Accessed May 3, 2017.
  7. Congenital heart defects. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/chd. Accessed May 3, 2017.
  8. What is cardiomyopathy? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cm#. Accessed May 3, 2017.
  9. What is endocarditis? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/endo#. Accessed May 3, 2017.
  10. What is pericarditis? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/peri. Accessed May 3, 2017.
  11. Bonow RO, et al., eds. Myocarditis. In: Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 3, 2017.
  12. What is heart valve disease? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hvd. Accessed May 3, 2017.
  13. What is an arrhythmia? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/arr. Accessed May 3, 2017.
  14. Your guide to lowering high blood pressure. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/resources/heart/hbp-guide-to-lower. Accessed May 7, 2017.
  15. What is an aneurysm? American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/VascularHealth/AorticAneurysm/What-is-an-Aneurysm_UCM_454435_Article.jsp#.WRCd5mnyt0w. Accessed May 7, 2017.
  16. What is peripheral artery disease? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/pad#. Accessed May 7, 2017.
  17. ATP III at a glance: Quick desk reference. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health-pro/guidelines/current/cholesterol-guidelines/quick-desk-reference-html. Accessed May 8, 2017.
  18. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 7, 2017.
  19. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. May 4, 2017.
  20. How is heart failure diagnosed? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. https://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hf/diagnosis#. Accessed May 9, 2017.

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